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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (20):

What is the basic foundation of the word?

The root, or stem of word, or base of word


How are roots are joined together?

with a vowel (usually a 'o', sometimes an 'i'), root + vowel=a combining form


What is the rule when joining two root words?

A combining vowel is needed to separate the different word roots regardless of whether a second or third word root begins with a vowel. (there are exceptions)


What is the exception to the rule of joining two root words?

e.g. lymphadenopathy


Can a word end with a combining form?

no. a suffix will end the word.


what is the rule for when to use a vowel with a suffix?

Use a vowel (generally) when the suffix begins with a consonant. A vowel (generally) is not used if the suffix begins with a vowel.


Suffix rule?

If the suffix begins with a vowel, the root attaches directly. If suffix begins with anything other than a,e,i,o,u,y the root needs a combining vowel before attaching the suffix.


What are the rules to building medical words?

1. a prefix is placed at the beginning of the word
2. a suffix is placed at the end of the word
3. more than one root word requires combining vowels
4. compound words are generally in this order: combining form + word root + suffix (several combining form go in the beginning)


How do you define a medical word?

Define: 1. Suffix
2. Continue backwards to the root
When adding a prefix:
1. Suffix 2. Prefix 3. Root


What is the rule when defining body systems or parts?

The definition of the word usually begins with defining the suffix first, then defining the organs in the order in which they are studied in the particular body system.


F sounds

*begins with f; begins with ph


J sounds

begins with j; begins with g f/by e, i, or y


K sounds

begins with k, c, ch. or qu


N Sounds

begins with n, pn, or kn


S Sounds

begins with s, c, or ps


SK sounds

begins with sk, sc, or sch


Z sounds

begins with z, or x


Variation sounds of words beginning with C

When the c is followed by e, i, or y---it has a 'ss' sound (soft 'c'). If the c is followed by an a, o, u, or consonant--it has a 'k' (hard 'c')


Variation sounds of root ends with G

if the g is followed by an e or i--it has a 'j' sound. If the g is followed by an a, o, or consonant--it has a 'guh' sound


What is an eponym?

A name for a disease, organ, procedure, or body function that is derived from the name of a person.