Chapter 5 Spelling Words Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 5 Spelling Words > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Spelling Words Deck (81):
1

abrasion

A scraping or rubbing away of skin or mucous membrane as a result of friction to the area

2

abscess

a localized collection of pus in any part of the body

3

alopecia

partial or complete loss of hair

4

amputation

the surgical removal of a part of the body or a limb or a part of a limb; treatment for gangrene

5

basal layer

the deepest of the five layers of the epidermis

6

bulla

a large blister

7

carbuncle

a cirumscribed inflammation of the skin and deeper tissues that contains pus, which eventually discharges to the skin surface

8

cellulitis

a diffuse avute infection of the sin an subcutaneous tissue

9

cerumen

ear wax

10

ceruminous gland

a modified sweat glad that lubricates the skin of the ear canal with a yellowish-brown waxy substance called cerumen

11

cicatrix

a scar; the pale, firm tissue that forms in the healing of a wound

12

collagen

the protein substance that forms the glistening inelastic fibers of connective tissue such as tendons, ligaments and fascia

13

comedo

a typical lesion of acne vulgaris, caused by accumulation of keratin and sebum within the opening of a hair follicle, closed or open versions

14

contusion

an injury to a part of the body without a break in the skin

15

corium

the dermis

16

cryosurgery

using subfreezing temperature (liquid nitrogen) to freeze and destroy the tissue

17

curettage

the process of scraping material from the wall of a cavity or other surface for the purpose of removing abnormal tissue or unwanted material

18

cyanosis

a condition of bluish discoloration of the skin

19

cyst

a closed sac or pouch in or within the skin that contains fluid, semifluid or soled material

20

debridement

removal of decries, foreign objects, and damaged or necrotic tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and to promote healing

21

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

22

dermatology

study of the skin

23

dermis

the layer of skin immediately beneath the epidermis (corium)

24

diaphoresis

the secretion of sweat

25

ecchymosis

a bluish-black discoloration of an area of the skin or mucous membrane caused by an escape of blood into the tissues as a result of injury to the area

26

electrodesiccation

a technique that uses an electrical spark to burn and destroy tissue

27

epidermis

the outermost layer of the skin

28

epithelium

the tissue that covers the internal and external surfaces of the body

29

erythema

redness of the skin due to capillary dilatation.

30

erythroderma

see erythema

31

excoriation

an injury to the surface of the skin caused by trauma, such as scratching or abrasions

32

exfoliation

peeling or sloughing off of tissue cells as in peeling of the skin after a severe burn

33

fissure

a crack-like sore or groove in the skin or mucous membrane

34

fistula

an abnormal passageway between two tubular organs or form an organ to the body surface

35

furuncle

a localized pus-producing infection originating deep in a hair follicle; a boil

36

gangrene

death of tissue, most often involving the extremities

37

hemangioma

a benign tumor that consist of a mass of blood vessels and has a reddish-purple color

38

heparin

a natural anticoagulant substance produced by the body tissues

39

hirsutism

excessive body hair in an adult male distribution pattern, occurring in women

40

histamine

a substance (found in all cells) that is released in allergic inflammatory reactions

41

histiocyte

macrophage; large phagocytic cell (the eater) occurring in the walls of blood vessels and loose connective tissue

42

hydrocele

a collection fo fluid located int he area of the scrotal sac in the male

43

ichthyosis

an inherited dermatological condition in which the skin is dry, hyperkeratotic (hardened) and fissured-resembling fish scales

44

integument

the skin

45

integumentary system

the body system consisting of the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands

46

keratin

a hard fibrous protein found int the epidermis, hair, nails, enamel of the teeth, and horns of animals

47

keratolytic

an agent used to break down or loosen the horny (hardened) layer of the skin

48

laceration

a tear in the skin

49

lanugo

soft, very fine hair that covers the body of the developing fetus; this hairy coating is almost completely gone by birth

50

lesion

any visible damage tot eh tissues of the skin, such as a wound, sore, rash, or boil

51

lipocyte

a fat cell

52

lunula

the crescent-shaped lake area at the base of the fingernail or toenail

53

macule

a small, flat discoloration of the skin that is neither raised nor depressed

54

melanin

a black or dark pigment (produced by melanocytes in the epidermis) that contributes color to the skin and helps to filter ultraviolet light

55

melanocytes

cells that produce melanin

56

nodule

a small, circumscribed swelling protruding above the skin

57

onychomycosis

any fungal infection of the nails

58

onychophagia

the habit of biting nails

59

pachyderma

abnormal thickening of the skin

60

papule

a small, solid, circumscribed elevation on the skin

61

pediculosis

infestation with lice

62

petechia

small, pinpoint hemorrhages of the skin

63

polyp

a small, stalklike growth that protrudes upward or outward from a mucous membrane surface, resembling a mushroom stalk

64

pruritus

itching

65

purpura

a group of bleeding disorders characterized by bleeding into the skin and mucous membranes

66

pustule

a small elevation of the skin filled with pus; a small abscess

67

sebaceous cyst

a cyst filled with cheesy material consisting of sebum and epithelial debris that has formed in the duct of a sebaceous gland

68

seborrhea

excessive secretion of sebum

69

sebum

the oil secretions of the sebaceous glands

70

squamous epithelium

the single layer of flattened platelike cells that cover internal and external body surfaces

71

stratified

layered

72

stratum

a uniformly thick sheet or later of cells

73

stratum basale

the layer of skin where new cells are continually being reproduced pushing older cells toward the outermost surface of the skin

74

stratum corneum

the outermost layer of the epidermis (consisting of dead cells that have converted to keratin) which continuously sloughs off or flakes away

75

subcutaneous tissue

the fatty layer of tissue lacerated beneath the dermis

76

subungual hematoma

a collection of flood beneath a nail bed, usually the result of trauma

77

sudoriferous gland

a sweat gland

78

ulcer

a circumscribed, open sore or lesion of the skin that is accompanied by inflammation

79

urticaria

a reaction of the skin in which there is an appearance of smooth, slightly elevated patches (wheals) that are redder or paler than the surrounding skin and often accompanied by sever itching

80

vesicle

a smal thin-walled skin lesion containing clear fluid; a blister

81

vitiligo

a skin disorder characterized by non pigmented white patches of skin of varying sides that are surrounded by skin with normal pigmentation