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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (12):

True or False: Basically, this 30-foot digestive system from mouth to anus breaks down food into what the body can use and gets rid of what it cannot.

True. Food must be broken down to a cellular level.


The ducts from the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas all converge to empty into what part of the digestive tract?
a. stomach
b. colon
c. duodenum
d. esophagus

c. The duodenum is the first part of the small intestine, where digestion is completed and nutrients can be passed to the bloodstream.


This symptom may be relieved with Tums or Prilosec OTC.
a. aphagia
b. dyspepsia
c. dysphagia
d. borborygmus

b. Otherwise known as heartburn.


True or False: Nausea can lead to eructation and vomiting, which produces icterus.

False. Vomitus, or more commonly emesis, is the result of vomiting


If appendicitis is not caught in time, the appendix ruptures and spills its contents into the abdominal cavity. This causes inflammation of its lining, which is called the _____________.
a. peritoneum
b. pleura
c. meninges
d. perineum

a. Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneum.


True or False: Diverticular disease is a collective way of saying a person has diverticulosis with episodes of diverticulitis.

True. Diverticulosis must exist in order to have diverticulitis


In the picture of a hernia (Figure 12-9), what muscle is the stomach protruding through?
a. abdominal muscle
b. diaphragm
c. intercostal muscle
d. the stomach's own muscle

b. The cardiac sphincter is enlarged, which causes part of the stomach to protrude through the opening


True or False: Ileus or intestinal obstruction is not an imminent threat, so it is best to let nature take its course.

False. It must be diagnosed and treated within 24 hours, or death could result.


Peptic ulcers and ulcerative colitis are a break in what lining?
a. muscular lining
b. serosal membrane
c. mucous membrane
d. epithelial membrane

c. The mucous coating is needed to protect underlying structures in a highly acidic environment


True or False: Appendectomy and cholecystectomy remove body parts that have little effect on bodily function

True. The appendix aids in fighting infection, and the gallbladder aids in digestion of fatty material. The diet may need to be adjusted, but otherwise a person can live just fine without them.


A colonoscopy evaluates the lower portion of the digestive tract with a scope, while a(n) ___________ evaluates the upper portion.
a. EGD
b. CT colonography
c. capsule endoscopy
d. fluoroscopy

a. The abbreviation EGD stands for esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The majority of the small intestine cannot be not reached with either test, however


True or False: An elevated serum bilirubin gives babies their yellowish appearance after birth, which is quite common.

True. Usually, a few sessions of phototherapy (special blue light) will correct this.