Chapter 7 spelling words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 spelling words Deck (66):
1

atrophy

wasting away; "without development"
a=without troph/o=development -y=noun ending

2

cardiac muscle

muscle of the heart walls; involuntary muscle
card/i=heart ac=pertaining to

3

contracture

an abnormal (usually permanent) bending of a joint into a fixed position; usually caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers

4

fascia

thin sheets of fibrous connective tissue that penetrate and cover the entire muscle, holding the fibers together

5

insertion

the point of attachment of a muscle to a bone it moves

6

pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy

a form of muscular dystrophy that is characterized by progressive weakness and muscle fiber degeneration without evidence of nerve involvement or degeneration of nerve tissue; also know as Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
pseud/o=false hyper=excessive troph/o=development -ic=pertaining to

7

skeletal muscle

attach tot he bones of the skeleton; known as striated muscle; act voluntarily

8

striated muscle

muscles that have a striped appearance when viewed under a microscope. skeletal and cardiac muscles are examples

9

tendon

a strong fibrous band of tissue that extends from a muscle, attaching it to the bone by becoming continuous with the periosteum of the bone

10

torso

trunk

11

visceral muscle

muscles of the internal organs; smooth muscle
viscer/o=pertaining to the internal organs of the body

12

voluntary muscle

muscles that operate under conscious control; responsible for movement of the fave, eyes, tongue, and pharynx; voluntary

13

abduction

movement of a bone away from the midline of the body

14

adduction

movement of a bone toward the midline of the body

15

arthralgia

joint pain
arthr/o=joint -algia=pain

16

articular cartilage

thin layer of cartilage protecting and covering the connecting surfaces of the bones

17

articulation

the point at which two bones come together; a joint

18

bunion

abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe

19

bunionectomy

surgical removal of a bunion; removing the bony overgrowth and the bursa*
-ectomy=surgical removal

20

bursa

a small sac that contains synovial fluid* for lubricating the area around the joint where friction is most likely to occur
burs/o=bursa -a=noun end

21

crepitation

clicking or crackling sounds heard upon joint movement

22

dorsiflexion

bending the foot backward or upward at the ankel

23

extension

a straightening motion that increases the angle between two bones

24

flexion

a bending motion that decreases the angle between two bones

25

hinge joint

a joint that allows movement in one direction, a back and forth motion

26

ligaments

connective tissue bands that joins bone to bone, offering support to the joint

27

needle aspiration

the insertion* of a needle into a cavity for the purpose of withdrawing fluid

28

photosensitivity

increased reaction of the skin to exposure to sunlight

29

plantar flexion

bending the foot downward at the ankle as in ballet dancing

30

pronation

the act of turning the palm down or backward

31

rotation

the turning of a bone on its own axis

32

sciatica

inflammation of the sciatic nerve, marked by pain and tenderness along the path of the nerve through the thigh and leg

33

subluxation

an incomplete dislocation*

34

supination

the act of turning the palm up or forward

35

suture

an immovable joint

36

synovial fluid

a thick lubricating fluid located in synovial joints

37

synovial membrane

the lining of a synovial joint cavity

38

viscous

sticky; gelatinous

39

ankylosis

condition of stiffness; ankyl/o/sis

40

ankylosing spondylitis

inflammation of the spine an vertebrae with stiffness; spondyl/itis ankylos/ing

41

arthritis

inflammation of joints; arthr/itis

42

bunion

abnormal enlargement of the joints at the base of the great toe

43

dislocation

displacement of a bone from its normal location

44

hallux valgus

a bunion

45

ganglion

cystic tumor developing on a tendon, sometimes on the back of the wrist

46

gout

acute arthritis of inflammation of the first metatarsal joint of the great toe

47

herniated disk

rupture of the central portion or nucleus of the disk through the disk wall and the spinal canal

48

lyme disease

acute, recurrent inflammatory infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick

49

osteoarthritis

inflammation of the bones and joints; defenerative joint disease; oste/o/arthr/itis

50

rheumatoid arthritis

chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease that affects multiple joints of the body

51

arthrocentesis

surgical procedure of the joints; arthr/o/centesis

52

arthrography

process of recording joints; process of X-raying the inside of a joint; arthr/o/graphy

53

arthroplasty

surgical repair of a joint; arthr/o/plasty

54

arthroscopy

process of viewing joints; visualization of the interior of a joint by using an endoscope; arthr/o/scopy

55

rheumatoid factor

blood test that measure the presence of unusual antibodies that develop in a number of connective tissue diseases

56

erythrocyte sed rate

blood test that measures the rate at which erythrocytes settle to the bottom a test tube filled with unclotted blood; erythr/o/cyte

57

arthrodesis

binding or surgical fusion of the joints

58

articular

pertaining to a joint

59

biceps

two head (point of attachments) muscle

60

biceps brachii

two headed muscle of the arm

61

buccal

cheek

62

buccinator

cheek muscle

63

bursitis

inflammation of a bursa

64

cartilaginous joint

joint connected by cartilage, a little movement, symphysis

65

circumduction

circular movement of a limb

66

deltoid

covers the shoulder joint; scapula and clavicle