Chapter 22 Spelling Words Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 22 Spelling Words Deck (52):
1

adverse reaction

-the body's reaction to a drug in an unexpected way that may endanger a patient's health and safety

2

anaphylactic shock

-a severe idiosyncratic reaction
-a life-threatening, hypertensive reaction to food or drugs
-includes: acute respiratory distress; hypotension; edema; tachycardia; cool, pale skin; cyanosis; and possibly convulsions shortly after administration of the medication

3

chemical name

-a description of the chemical structure of the drug
-it is listed in the Hospital Formulary along with the chemical formula diagram

4

chemotherapy

-the treatment of diseases by using drugs that have a specific deadly effect on disease-causing microorganisms
-these drugs are used in the treatment of certain infections and cancer
chem/o=pertaining to a chemical, drug -therapy=treatment

5

contraindication

-any special symptom or circumstance that indicates that the use of a particular drug or procedure is dangerous, not advised, or has not been proven safe for administration

6

cumulation

-a drug level begins to accumulate in the body with repeated doses because the drug is not completely excreted from the body before another dose is administered

7

Hospital Formulary

-a reference book that lists all of the drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy
-gives info about the characteristics and their clinical use

8

hypotension

-low blood pressure
-less than normal blood pressure
hypo=under, beneath, below, less than normal tens/o=strain -ion=action; process

9

idiosyncrasy

-an unusual, inappropriate response to a drug or to the usual effective does of a drug
-the reaction can life threatening

10

pharmacist

-one who is licensed to prepare and dispense drugs

11

pharmacodynamics

-the study of how drugs interact in the human body

12

pharmacology

-the field of medicine that specializes in the study of drugs, including their sources, appearance, chemistry, actions, and uses

13

pharmacy

-a place for the preparing or dispensing drugs

14

potentiation

-the effect that occurs when two drugs administered together produce a more powerful response that the sum of their individual parts

15

systemic effect

-a generalized response to a drug by the body
-the drug has a widespread influence on the body because it is absorbed into the bloodstream

16

tolerance

the body's decreased response to the effect of a drug after repeated dosages

17

toxicology

-the study of poisons, their detection, and their effects and establishing antidotes and methods of treatment for conditions they produce and prevention of poisoning

18

analgesic

-relieves pain (aspirin, tylenol)
an-=without alges/o=pain -ic=pertaining to

19

anesthetic

-partially or completely numbs or eliminates sensitivity with or without loss of consciousness (Xylocaine)

20

antiarrhythmic

-corrects cardiac arrhythmias (Lanoxin, Inderal)
anti=against arrhythmia/o=rhythm -ic=pertaining to

21

antibiotic

-stops or controls the growth of infection-causing microorganisms
anti=against bi/o=life -tic=pertaining to

22

anticoagulant

-prevents clot continuation and formation
anti=against coagul/o=clotting

23

anticonvulsant

-prevents or relieves convulsions (seizures)

24

antidepressant

-prevents, cures, or alleviates mental depression

25

antidiabetic

-helps control the blood sugar level

26

antidiarrheal

-prevents or treats diarrhea

27

antiemetic

-prevents or relieves nausea and vomiting

28

antifungal

destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi
anti=against fungi/o=fungus -al=pertaining to

29

antihistamine

-opposes the action of histamine, which is released in allergic reactions

30

antihypertensive

-prevents or controls high blood pressure
anti=against hyper=excessive

31

anti-infective

-same as antibiotic

32

anti-inflammatory

-counteracts inflammation in the body

33

antineoplastic

-prevents the development, growth, or reproduction of cancerous cells
anti=against neo-=new pals/o=formation -tic=pertaining to

34

antitussive

-relieves cough due to various causes

35

antiulcer (agent)

-treats and prevents peptic ulcer and gastric hypersecretion

36

antiviral

-treats various viral conditions such as serious herpes virus infection, chickenpox, and influenza A

37

beta blocker

-treats hypertension, angina, and various abnormal heart rhythms

38

bronchodilator

-expands the bronchial tubes by relaxing the bronchial muscles

39

calcium channel blocker

-treats hypertension, angina, and various abnormal heart rhythms

40

hormone

-treats deficiency states where specific hormone level is abnormally low

41

hypnotic

-induces sleep or dulls the senses

42

immunosuppressant

-suppresses the body's natural immune response to an antigen, as in treatment for transplant patients

43

laxative

prevents constipation or promotes the emptying of the bowel contents with ease

44

lipid-lowering agent

-reduces blood lipid (fat) levels

45

sedative

-exerts a soothing or tranquilizing effect on the body

46

skeletal muscle relaxant

-relieves muscle tension

47

vitamin

-prevents and treats vitamin deficiencies and used as dietary supplement

48

anesthesia

-loss of sensation
-loss of the ability to feel pain, caused by administration of a drug or other medical intervention.

49

cyanosis

-Cyanosis is a physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes, caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood.

50

hypoglossal

-under/beneath the tongue

51

pharmacology

-field of medicine that specializes in the study of drugs, including their sources, appearance, chemistry, actions, and uses

52

potency

-strength