DeFrancis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in DeFrancis Deck (500):
1

ren2

man-person

2

dao1

knife

3

li4

strength-power-force

4

kou3

mouth-entrance-opening

5

tu3

earth-soil

6

da4

big-large

7

zi

son

8

xiao3

small

9

shan1

mountain-hill

10

da4dao1

bigknife-sword

11

ren2li4

manpower

12

shan1kou3

mountainpass(usedespeciallyinplacenames)

13

tu3ren2

anaborigine-anative

14

neng2

able(to)-can

15

xiang3

think-thinkabout-thinkof-thinkthat-desire-wantto-planto

16

yao4

want-request-order(something)-will-if

17

kan4

lookat-see-read-havetheviewthat-thinkthat

18

nian4

readaloud-chant-read-study(abookorsubject)-studyataschool

19

xue2

study-branchoflearning--ology(asin'biology)-school(incompounds)

20

mai3

buy

21

mai4

sell-sellfor(soandsomuchmoney)

22

tai4

great-too-excessively-very-extremely

23

jie3

oldersister-(unmarried)younglady

24

jiao3

angle-corner

25

zi

(nounsuffix)

26

ben3zi

notebook

27

dao1zi

knife

28

jie3jie

oldersister

29

xiao2jie

younglady-miss

30

tai4tai

marriedwoman-wife-Mrs.

31

mai3mai4

buyingandselling-trade-business(usedchieflyinTaiwan)

32

mai3mai4ren2

merchant(usedchieflyinTaiwan)

33

xue2sheng1

student-pupil

34

xiao3xue2

elementaryschool

35

zhong1xue2

middleschool-highschool

36

da4xue2

college-university

37

xiao3xue2sheng1

middleschoolstudent

38

zhong1xue2sheng1

middleschoolstudent

39

da4xue2sheng1

collegestudent

40

san1jiao3

triangle-trigonometry

41

san1jiao3xue2

trigonometry

42

wen2xue2

literature

43

kan4shu1

read(abook)

44

nian2shu1

study(usedchieflyinTaiwan)

45

hai2shi

still-afterall-or

46

yao4shi

if

47

shen2mede

andsoforth-etc.

48

xiang3yao4

wouldliketohave(followedbyanoun)-wouldliketo(followedbyaverb)

49

bi3

compare-comparedwith-than

50

xie3

write

51

zi4

character-word

52

dian3

records

53

di4

land-ground-floor

54

tu2

diagram-map-chart-illustration

55

ji3

howmany?

56

ge4

(generalmeasureforpersonsandthings)

57

zhang1

(measureforflatobjects)-(asurname)

58

wai4

outside-foreign

59

zi4dian3

dictionary

60

di4tu2

map

61

guo2wen2

Chinese[lit.national]literature(aschoolcourse)(usedchieflyinTaiwan)

62

wai4guo2

foreign(country)

63

ren2kou3

population-numberofpeopleinafamily

64

ren2ren2

everybody

65

zhong1mei3

ChinaandAmerica-ChineseandAmerican-SinoAmerican

66

zhong1ri4

ChinaandJapan-ChineseandJapanese-SinoJapanese

67

zhong1ying1

ChinaandEngland-ChineseandEnglish-SinoBritish

68

ying1mei3

EnglandandAmerica-EnglishandAmerican-AngloAmerican

69

xie3zi4

write(characters)

70

hao3kan4

goodlooking

71

you3qian2

havemoney-bewealthy

72

you3de

some(inthesenseof'somebutnotall')

73

hao3de

fine-okay

74

bu4yao4

notwant(something)don't(negativeimperativewhenfollowedbyaverb)

75

yin1

because

76

wei4

actas-be-as-for-becauseof

77

suo3

thatwhich(asinsuo2you3de'thatwhichthereis'-i.e.all-therefore(insuo2yi)

78

yi3

take-by-with-hence

79

sui2

although

80

ran2

thus-so

81

ke3

may-bepermitted-indeed-however

82

le

(aspectparticle)

83

er2

child-son-(nonsyllabicsuffix)

84

bao4

newspaper-journal

85

er2zi

son

86

er2nu3

sonsanddaughters

87

nu3er

daughter

88

men2kou3

doorway

89

zher4

here

90

nar4

there

91

yin1wei

because-since

92

suo2yi

therefore-hence

93

sui2ran2

although

94

ke2yi

can-may-possible

95

ke3shi

but-however-nevertheless

96

ke3neng2

bepossible-possibly-possibility

97

kan4jian

see

98

yi3wei2

suppose-think(usually'thinkincorrectly'incontrastwithxiang3whichisneverusedinthissense)

99

bu2jian4le

notseeanylonger-benolongervisible-disappear-belost

100

suo2you3de

all

101

wei4shen2me

why?

102

shi4ma

isthatso?really?

103

ke3bushi4ma

isn'tthatso!yesindeed!

104

jia1

home-family-(suffixofagentlikeenglish'er'inteacher)

105

xiao4

school-college

106

cheng2

citywall-city

107

bian1

side-border-placewordsuffix-(asurname)

108

zai4

beat

109

shang4

goto(aplace)-ascend-goup-up-upper-above

110

xia4

descend-godownfrom-down-lower-below

111

li3

inside-interior

112

tou2

head-beginning-(substantivesuffix)

113

hai3

sea-ocean

114

zhang3

head-chief

115

hai3bian1

seaside-seashore-beach

116

hai3kou3

seaport

117

hai3wai4

overseas

118

da4jia1

everybody

119

ren2jia1

people-otherpeople-other-(ren2jia1)=humanhabitation-household

120

guo2jia1

nation-state-country

121

xiao3shuo1jia1

novelist

122

wen2xue2jia1

literaryperson

123

xiang3jia1

thinkofone'shome-behomesick

124

jia1zhang3

parents

125

xiao4zhang3

headofaschool-principal-president

126

xue2xiao4

educationalinstituion-school-college-university

127

di4xia4

belowground-underground-ontheground

128

di4xia4che1

subway

129

zhong1xin1

center-pivot-heartofsomething

130

shang4xia4

aboveandbelow-upanddown-superiorandinferior-ascendanddescend

131

shang4xia4wen2

context-textaboveandbelow(termderivedfromChineseverticalwriting)

132

ma2shang4

immediately

133

zhe4li3

here(writtenandgeneralmandarin)

134

na4li3

there(writtenandgeneralmandarin)

135

zai4wai4

beextra-notbeincluded-notincluding

136

wei4deshi4

because-forthereasonthat-soasto

137

bu4ran2

otherwise(usuallyusedwithpreverbialjiu4)

138

yao4buran2

otherwise(usuallyusedwithpreverbialjiu4)

139

yi2kua2er

together-thesameplace

140

hai2you3

alsohave-and(beforelastofaseries)-inaddition-moreover

141

shang4hai3

Shanghai

142

zhang1jia1kou3

KalganorChangchiakou[lit.Zhangfamilypass](animportanttowninnorthernHopeiprovince)

143

ri4ben3hai3

SeaofJapan

144

di4zhong1hai3

MediterraneanSea

145

dian4

shop-store

146

yuan3

far

147

jin4

near

148

dong1

east

149

xi1

west

150

nan2

south-(asurname)

151

bei3

north

152

li2

distant(from)

153

hu2

lake

154

he2

river

155

kou3

(measureforpersonsfromcensuspointofview)

156

di4tu3

soil-land-territory

157

tu3di4

soil-land-territory

158

dong1xi1

eastandwest-thing-object

159

si4bian1

(on)foursides-allaround

160

shou3bian1

athand-onhand-(readily)available

161

shou3shang4

athand-onhand-(readily)available

162

mei3nu3

abeautifulwoman-abeauty

163

he2bei3

Hopeh(province)

164

he2nan2

Honan(province)

165

hu2bei3

Hupeh(province)

166

hu2nan2

Hunan(province)

167

shan1dong1

Shantung(province)

168

shan1xi1

(province)

169

dong1bei3

northeast-theNortheast-Manchuria

170

xi1hu2

awesternlake

171

xi1shan1

WestLake(oneofChina'sforemostscenicspotsnearHangchow)

172

dong1hai3

EastChinaSea

173

shu1dian4

bookstore

174

dong1hai3da4xue2

Tunghaiuniversity(inTaiwan)

175

nan2hai3

SouthChinaSea-nameofadistrictinkwantungprovince

176

jin4dong1

NearEast

177

zhong1dong1

MiddleEast

178

yuan3dong1

FarEast

179

yuan3dong1da4xue2

e2FarEasternUniversity

180

chang2cheng2

GreatWall

181

tai4hu2

Tailake(betweenKiangsuandChekiangprovinces)

182

bei3mei3

NorthAmerica

183

nan2mai3

SouthAmerica

184

xi1dong1da4xue2

SetonHalluniversity

185

cong2

from(timeorplace)-since(time)

186

dao4

arrive-goto-to

187

lai2

come

188

qu4

go(to)

189

zou3

walk-go-leave-gothrough(aplace)-away(asapostverb)

190

zuo4

sit-by(suchandsuchconveyance)-take...(astransportation)toseat(soandsomanypeople)

191

chuan2

boat-ship

192

lu4

road-route

193

li3

(Chinese)mile

194

hua2

China-(asurnmae)

195

ben3

this-own'sown

196

kou3

entrance(toastreet)

197

ri4bao4

dailynewspaper

198

yue4bao4

monthlyjournal

199

xue2bao4

scholarlyjournal-learnedjournal

200

ma3lu4

road-highway-street

201

lu4kou3

entrancetoastreet-intersection

202

shi2zi4lu4kou3

intersection-rightanglejunctionoftwostreets(likethecharactershi2)

203

wen2ren2

literaryman(versusmilitaryman/businessman/etc.)manofletters-literatus

204

neng2li4

ability-power-energy

205

tu2shu1

chartsandbooks

206

zou3lu4

walk-goonfoot

207

zuo4chuan2

gobyboat

208

shuo1da4hua4

boast-exaggerate

209

xiao3xin1

becareful-watchout

210

ke3jian4

onecanseethat-itisobviousthat-apparently(referringtoapreviouslymentionedevent)

211

zai4xin1mu4zhong1

g1inone'smind-inone'sthoughts

212

bu2dao4

notreach-lessthan

213

ben3lai2

originally

214

jin4lai2

recently-lately

215

yi1bian1

???yi1bian1ontheonehand...ontheotherhand

216

ben3di4

thisregion-local-native

217

ben3guo2

thiscountry-one'sowncountry

218

ben3ren2

self(Imyself-youyourself-hehimself)

219

hua2li3

Chinesemile

220

ying1li3

Englishmile

221

zhong1shan1lu4

SunYatsenAvenue(abouttheequivalentof'WashingtonAvenue'inAmerica)

222

da4zhong1

GreatChina(innamesofplacesandinstitutions)

223

zhong1hua2

China(formal)

224

da4hua2

GreatChina(innamesofplacesandinstitutions)

225

dong1hua2

EastChina(innamesofplacesandinstitutions)

226

nan2hua2

SouthChina(innamesofplacesandinstitutions)

227

nan2bei3

NorthandSouth

228

hua2dong1

EastChina

229

hua2nan2

SouthChina

230

hua2xi1

WestChina

231

hua2zhong1

CentralChina

232

hua2mei3

ChinaandtheUnitedStates-ChinaandAmerica-SinoAmerican

233

hua2xi2da4xue2

WestChinaUnionUniversity(formerChristianuniversityinChengtunowmergedwithSzechuanuniversity)

234

shan1dong1da4xue2

e2ShantungUniversity(inTsingtaoShantung)

235

xi1bei3da4xue2

NorthwestUniversity(inSianShensi)

236

di4

(ordinalprefix)

237

ci4

(measureindicatingtimeoroccasion)

238

hao4

(measureindicatingnumberinaseriessuchasthedaysofthemonth)

239

tiao2

(measureforslimobjects[roads/fish/oxen/etc.])

240

jin1

thepresent-now

241

ming2

clear-obvious-next(beforetian'day'or'nian'year)

242

tian1

sky-heaven-day

243

nian2

year

244

you4

again(beforeverbs)-another(beforenumbere.g.'you4yitian1'anotherday')

245

min2

people

246

tou2

first(whenfollowedbyanumberorameasure)-beginning(lit.head)ofastreet/lesson/etc.

247

jin1tian1

today

248

ming2tian1

tomorrow

249

bai2tian1

daytime

250

tian1tian1

everyday

251

jin1nian2

thisyear

252

ming2nian2

nextyear

253

qu4nian2

lastyear

254

nian2nian2

everyyear

255

nian2yue4ri4

date(usedinwriting)

256

shang4ci4

lasttime-previously

257

xia4ci4

nexttime-lateron

258

tou2ci4

firsttime

259

you3yi1tian1

oneday-once-onceuponatime

260

you3yi1ci4

ononeoccasion-once

261

you4you4

both...and...

262

you4yin1wei

forthefurtherreasonthat

263

yi4lai2er4lai2

???r4lai2inthefirstplace...inthesecondplace...-first...second(purposeorreasonisimpliedorexpressed)

264

ming2bai

understand-clearly-beclearaboutsomething-clear-clearlyunderstandable

265

ming2shuo1

stateclearly-statefrankly-stateexplicitly

266

wen2ming2

civilization-culture-civilized-culture

267

ren2min2

thepeople-themasses

268

shuo1ming2

explain-makeclear-explanation

269

zhong1hua2min2guo2

uo2RepublicofChina(established1912)

270

min2guo2

(abbreviationforRepublicofChina)

271

san1min2

ThreePeoples(abbreviationforsan1min2zhu3yi4'ThreePeople'sPrinciples'abookbySunYatsen.San1min2iswidelyusedininstitutionalnames)

272

ren2min2ri4bao4

People'sDaily(publishedinPekingasthechiefgovernmentorganofthePeople'sRepublicofChina)

273

yong4

use(N/V)

274

gei3

give-for-to(coverbandpostverb)

275

dui4

becorrect-to-toward-opposite-facing

276

guo4

pass-passthrough-passby-celebrate(birthdays/holidays/etc.)-after(followedbyatimeword)

277

zui4

most

278

qian2

front-before

279

hou4

after-afterwards

280

shi2

time

281

hou4

time

282

chu1

(atthe)beginning-(at)first

283

di4

anaim

284

hui3

amoment

285

liao3

(usedinresultativeverbcompounds)

286

sheng1

unfamiliar-strange-new-raw-uncooked

287

bu2guo4

notpassby(somewhere)TV-notexceed-notsurpass(alsousedinRVending)-however

288

bu2yong4

notuse-notneed(todosomething)

289

chu1ci4

firsttime

290

chu1xiao3

lowerelementaryschool-primaryschool

291

chu1zhong1

lowermiddleschool-juniorhighschool

292

cong2lai2

hitherto-always(seenotes)

293

cong2qian2

previously-formerly

294

dui4men2

thehouseacrossthestreet-theoppositebuilding-beopposite

295

gao1xiao3

upperelementaryschool

296

gao1zhong1

uppermiddleschool-seniorhigh

297

gong1qian2

wages

298

guo4lu4

crossaroad-crossastreet-passby

299

guo4nian2

passintothenewyear-celebratethenewyear-periodofthenewyear-NewYear's

300

guo4ri4zi

passthedays-live

301

guo4sheng1ri

celebrateabirthday

302

hou4lai2

afterwards-lateron

303

hou4nian2

yearafternext

304

hou4tian1

dayafternext

305

lu4guo4

passontheway

306

mai4gei3

sellto

307

ming2hou4

nextortheoneafter(asinming2hou4nian2'nextyearortheyearafter')

308

mu4di4

aim-objective

309

qian2nian2

yearbeforelast

310

qian2tian1

daybeforeyesterday

311

ran2hou4

afterwards

312

ri4yong4

dailyexpenses-dailyneeds

313

ri4zi4

day

314

sheng1ri4

birthday

315

sheng1zi4

unfamiliarcharacter-newcharacter

316

shi2hou

time

317

yao4bu2shi4

ifitwerenotthat-butfor

318

yi4hui3er

amoment

319

yi3hou4

after-afterwards

320

yi3qian2

before-previously

321

yong4ren2

employpeople-makeuseofpeople-servant

322

yong4xin1

useown'sbrains-domentalwork(diligentinmentalwork)

323

you3yong4

useful

324

zui4chu1

atfirst

325

zui4hao3

bebest-itwouldbebest

326

zui4jin4

beclosest-mostrecent-veryrecently-verysoon

327

zui4hou4

last-final-ultimate

328

gong1

work-labor

329

xin1

heart

330

shou3

hand

331

ri4

sun

332

yue4

moon

333

mu4

tree-wood

334

mao2

feather-fur-bodyhair

335

shui3

water

336

huo3

fire

337

niu2

ox-cow

338

gong1ren2

worker

339

huo3shan1

volcano

340

shan1shui3

landscape

341

shou3gong1

handicraft

342

shui3kou3

mouthofastream(usedespeciallyinplacenames)

343

shui3li3

waterpower

344

shui3niu2

waterbuffalo

345

shui3shou3

sailor(literally'waterhand'

346

fang1

region-place-method-way-(asurname)

347

fa3

method-way-France

348

yan2

study-research

349

jiu1

investigate

350

yu3

speech-language

351

bai3

hundred

352

qian1

thousand

353

wan4

10thousand-(asurname)

354

kai1

open-start-getunderway(ships/vehicles/etc.)-putinoperation-operatevehicles-away(asapostverb)

355

zhu3

chief-master

356

hui4

meeting-organization-society

357

suo3

office-bureau-institute

358

shang4

last(eg.beforeyue4'month')

359

xia4

next(eg.beforeyue4'month')

360

bi3fang1

(for)example-if(forinstance)

361

bi3fang1shuo1

forexample-if(forinstance)

362

di4fang

place-locality-space-local

363

di4zhu3

landowner-landlord

364

dong1fang1

TheEast-TheOrient

365

fa3guo2

France

366

fa3wen2

French(languageandliterature)

367

fa3zi

method-plan-way(ofdoingsomething)

368

fang1fa3

method-plan-way(ofdoingsomething)

369

fang1yan2

regionalspeech-dialect

370

guo2yu3

NationalLanguage(replacedbypu3tong1hua4'commonspeech'inthePRCbutstillusedinTaiwan)

371

hui4zhang3

head(ofanorganizationwithhui4aspartofitsname)

372

kai1che1

driveacar(orothervehicle)

373

kai1hui4

holdameeting-attendameeting

374

kai1xue2

startschool

375

kan4fa3

wayoflookingatsomething-viewpoint-opinion

376

li2kai1

leave(aplace)(RV)

377

mei2fa3zi

lackawayofdoingsomething-itcan'tbedone-there'snohelpforit

378

min2zhu3

democracy-democratic

379

shang4ge4yue4

lastmonth

380

suo3zhang3

head(ofanorganizationwithsuo3aspartofitsname)

381

wai4lai2yu3

wordadoptedbyonelanguagefromanother-loanword

382

wen2fa3

grammar

383

xi1fang1

theWest-theOccident

384

xia4ge4yue4

nextmonth

385

xue2hui4

tomasterbystudying(RV)-scholarlyorganization

386

yan2jiu

investigate-study-doresearchon-investigation-study

387

yan2jiusheng1

graduatestudent-studentinagraduateorresearchinstitute

388

yan2jiusuo3

researchinstitute-school

389

yi3lai2

since-duringthepast(occursattheendofthephrase-oftenpairedwithcong2'from'atthebeginningofaphrase)

390

yu3fa3

grammar

391

yu3wen2

language(andliterature)

392

yu3yan2

language-philology

393

yu3yan2xue2

linguistics

394

yu3yan2xue2jia1

linguisitcscientist-linguist

395

zhu3ren2

master-host

396

zhu3yin1

chiefreason

397

qian1ziwen2

ThousandCharacterClassic(abookof1000characters--eachoccuringonlyonce--usedasoneofthebasicbeginningtextbooksinpremodernChineseschools)

398

yuan3dong1xue2hui4

ui4FarEasternAssociation(predecessoroftheAssociationforAsianStudies--theleadingorganizationintheUnitedStatesofscholarsinterestedinAsia)

399

zhong1guo2yu3wen2

n2ChineseLanguage(leadinglinguisticjournalpublishedinthePeople'sRepublicofChina.AjournalwiththistitleisalsopublishedinTaiwan)

400

dong3

understand

401

hua4

draw-paint-drawing-painting

402

huo2

live-tobealive

403

jiao4

call-cry-shout-call(someonebysuchandsuchname)-summon-let-causetoask(someonetodosomething)-becalled

404

qing3

ask-invite-please(dosomething)

405

wen4

ask-inquire(refersspecificallytoquestions)

406

shei2

who?

407

xian4

appear-berevealed-now-thepresent

408

ming2

aname-famous(beforeanoun)

409

gu3

ancient-(asurname)

410

hao4

courtesyname-havethecourtesynameof...

411

zi4

courtesyname-havethecourtesynameof...

412

da4shui3

aflood

413

di4ming2

placename-address

414

dui4hua4

dialogue-conversation

415

gu3dian3

classical

416

gu3jin1

ancientandmodern

417

huar4

painting-drawing

418

hua4bao4

illustratedperiodical-pictorial(magazine)

419

hua4jia1

paintpictures-drawpictures-makeillustrations

420

hua4tu2

painter(anartist)

421

hui4hua4

makeachart(map/plan/etc.)

422

hui4suo3

office(ofanorganization)

423

jiao4che1

summonacar

424

jiao4men2

knockonthedoor

425

kan4dong3

(readand)understand(RV)

426

ming2ren2

famousperson-celebrity

427

ming2zi

name(ofathing)-givenname(ofaperson)

428

ming2zi

givenname(ofaperson)

429

shan1shui3hua4

landscape(painting)

430

qing3wen4

mayIask?-excuseme...

431

ren2ming2zi

nameofaperson

432

sheng1huo2

life-livelihood-live

433

tu2shu1

illustration-painting-chart-art(asaschoolsubject)

434

wai4hao4

nickname

435

wen4hao3

bestregardsto...-sayhelloto...-askafter...

436

wen4lu4

inquireabouttheway

437

xian4zai4

now-atpresent

438

xiao3ming2

childhoodname

439

xue2wen4

learning-erudition-scholarship-knowledge

440

xue2ming2

schoolname-namegivenafterstartingtostudy

441

yi3wai4

beyond-apartfrom-besides-exceptfor(usedafterphrase)

442

you3ming2

famous

443

zi4hua4

characterscroll

444

zhang1da4qian1

nameofawellknownChinesepainter

445

ren2min2hua4bao4

4ChinaPictorial[lit.People'sPictorial](apictorialmagazinepublishedinPekinginChinese/Englishandotherlanguages)

446

sheng1huo2hua4bao4

ao4Life(apictorialmagazinepublishedintheUnitedStates)

447

si1shu1

TheFourBooks(aChineseclassiccontaningthesayingsofConfuciusandotherearlyphilosophers)

448

wan4li3chang2cheng2

eng2[TenThousandMile]GreatWall

449

zao3

early-longago-longsince-morning(incompounds)

450

wan3

late-evening(incompounds)

451

nan2

difficult-hard

452

rong2

contain-accomodate-easy

453

yi4

easy

454

zai4

oncemore-again

455

zhi1

know

456

dao4

road-way-doctrine-principle

457

yuan2

source-origin-aplain-originally-actually

458

sheng3

province

459

zi3

seed-kernel

460

bu2hui4de

(that's)notlikely

461

gao1yuan2

plateau

462

nan2guo4

difficulttopass-hardtogetthrough-sad-distressed

463

nan2kan4

ugly-hardtoread

464

nan2nian4

ugly-hardtoread

465

nan2shuo1

difficulttosay-hardtopredict

466

nian2hui4

annualmeeting

467

qian2hou4

beforeandafter-beforeorafter-firstandlast-alltogether-about

468

ri4yu3

Japaneselanguage

469

ri4zinan2guo4

(makinga)livingishard

470

rong2buxia4

can'thold-can'taccomodate

471

rong2yi4

easy

472

sheng3cheng2

provincialcapital

473

sheng3zhang3

provincialgovernor(usedbefore1949)

474

shi2bao4

Times(innamesofnewspapers)

475

tu3hua4

dialect-patois(morerestrictedinareathanfang1yan2)

476

wan3bao4

eveningnewspaper

477

wan3hui4

eveningmeeting-eveningparty

478

wan3shang4

evening

479

wei4le

for-because(of)-inorderto-forthesakeof

480

ying1yu3

Englishlanguage

481

yuan2lai2

originally-actually-indeed-asamatteroffact

482

yuan2yin1

reason

483

yuan2zi3

atom

484

yuan2zi3neng2

atomicenergy

485

zai4bu4ran2

otherwsie-inthatcase

486

zai4jian4

seeagain-goodbye

487

zao3shang4

morning-forenoon

488

zao3wan3

morningandevening-soonerorlater

489

zhi1dao4

know

490

zhong1xi1

ChinaandtheWest-SinoWestern

491

ke1

subject(inschool)-course(ofstudy)-curriculum-branchofmedicine

492

ke4

(measureforlessons)

493

kao3

examine-takeanexamination(foraschoolorinasubject)-examination

494

shi4

try-test

495

yi3

already

496

jing1

passthrough

497

biao3

awatch(timepiece)-table-list-meter(innamesofscientificinstruments)

498

chang2

regular-constant-often

499

fu1

man

500

xian4

county-district