Flashcards in Osteoarthritis/Degenerative Joint Disease Deck (9):
Osteoarthritis – commonly seen effects on the hand joints?
Bouchard nodes – PIP
Heberden nodes – DIP
Inflammation of the joint space characterized by redness, swelling, and tenderness
15 to 30 minutes of joint stiffness after inactivity (usually in the morning)
In contrast, in rheumatoid arthritis, morning stiffness lasts 1 to 2 hours
Joint fluid aspiration of a patient with osteoarthritis would show?
Lack of inflammation: WBC < 45, glucose equal to serum
Joints affected in OA?
DIP, PIP, CMP of thumb, knee, hip, feet
Wrist, elbow, shoulder, spine
Most specific finding of osteoarthritis? Other x-ray findings?
Osteophytes. Joint space narrowing, subchondral sclerosis, subchondral cysts
Periarticular pain that is not reproduced with passive movement suggests?
Prolonged pain that lasts for more than one hours suggests?
Joint pain with systemic constitutional symptoms suggests?
Bursitis or tendinitis
Inflammatory condition (polymyalgia rheumatica, RA, SLE, malignancy)
Non-medical Management of osteoarthritis?
1. Stay active – not using joint causes further immobility
2. Short periods of rest >1 large period of rest
3. Apply heat to affected joint