World assessment: Block 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in World assessment: Block 1 Deck (38):
1

what causes acute respiratory distress syndrome

SPARTAS
- sepsis
- pancreatitis
- pneumonia
- aspiration
- uRemia
- rauma
- amniotic fluid embolism
- shock

2

patient has recent trauma, new diffuse symmetric pulmonary opacities, and normal sized hearth

acute respiratory distress syndrome

3

pathology of acute respiratory distress syndrome

- injury of endothelial
- increase alveolar capillary permeability
- fluid into alveolar
- activate neutrophils
- damage type I and II pneumocytes

4

osteosarcoma

malignant proliferation of osteoblasts

5

Paget is related to what other tumor of the bone

osteosarcoma

6

Globus sensation

feeling of a "lump in the throat" without accompanying physical, endoscopic, or radiologic findings of esophageal obstruction

7

what type of crystals form in gout

- monosodium urate crystals
- negatively birefringent

8

Endometriosis

presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterus

9

Most common site for endomeriosis

ovary

10

Adenomyosis

extension of endometrial tissue into uterine myometrium

11

Leiomyoma

benign smooth muscle tumor of uterus

12

which vitamin is highly teratogenic especially during the first trimester of pregnancy

- vitamin A

13

MOA for Oseltamivir

inhibits neuraminidase

14

appearance of DNA fragments in multiples of 180 base pairs on gel electrophoresis indicates

DNA laddering - apoptosis

15

follicular B cell lymphoma overexposes what oncogene

BCL2

16

Methylphenidate is related to what drug

- amphetamines

17

Germline mosaicism

presence of multiple, genetically different gamete cell lines
- genetic mutation in offspring but not in parents

18

pleiotropy

1 gene type contributes to multiple phenotypes

19

Diabetic patients should do what everyday

inspect their feet

20

Auer rods are azurophilic, needle-shaped cytoplasmic inclusions that found in

acute promeylocytic leukemia
(15:;17)

21

who is the only person to secrete IL-2

T lymphocytes

22

Cadherins

- calcium-dependent molecules that bind epithelial cells together within tissues

23

Caherin molecules on epithelial cells bind to cadherin molecules on adjacent cells to form

1. adherens junction
2. desmosomes

24

cell adhesion to basement membrane

hemidesmosomes

25

characterize Molluscum contagiousm

umbilicated, flesh-colored papules on skin and mucous membranes

26

histo for molluscum contagiousum

- eosinophilic cytoplasmic inclusion bodies

27

primary concern with both anterior and posterior dislocations of knee joint

popliteal artery

28

Sublimation

mature defense mechanism in which person channels unacceptable thoughts or impulses into socially acceptable behavior

29

reaction formation

replacing a warded-off idea or feeling by an emphasis on the opposite

30

Projection

misunderstanding another feelings and acting externally to it

31

Ligand binding to tyrosine kinase receptor results in formation of what

receptor dimers and conformational change that exposes tyrosine kinase-active sites

32

Sildenafil works on what muscle

corpora cavernosa

33

Eye problem with craniopharyngioma

bitemporal hemianopia

34

ion flow rate for pancreatic exocrine
high
low

low: more bicarb
high: more chloride

35

Difference between acute distress disorder and post traumatic stress disrocer

- ASD: 3 days - 1 month

36

Schizophrenia all diseases

1. Schizophrenia : 6 months
2. Brief psychotic disorder: less than 1 month
3. Schizophreniform: 1- 6 months

37

false positive rate

1- specificity

38

what is wrong in acute intermittent porphyria ? what does it convert

prophobilinogen deaminase
- prophobilinogen to hydroxymethylbilane