Flashcards in 4/5 - UW 47 Deck (26):
What does 99mmTc-pertechnetate scan detect?
What is the syndrome with N. meningitidis septicemia with adrenal hemorrhage?
HTN in pregnancy, consider what??
Pre-eclampsia! HTN, proteinuria, edema
What is neurophysin?
Carrier protein for oxytocin and ADH from hypothalamus to PP
What protein is the central regulator of iron homeostasis? What organ produces it?
Hepcidin, from the liver. Iron increases its production, which downregulates ferroportin
How does Hepcidin regulate iron levels?
It binds to Ferroportin on macrophages and enterocytes, causing it to be internalized and degraded.
What defect gives disproportionate short stature? (short, thick long bones in appendicular skeleton, normal axial length)
Achondroplastic dwarfism (mutation in Fibroblast Growth Factor receptor inhibits epiphyseal growth)
When can you see proportional short stature? (axial and appendicular skeleton are proportionate)
What sort of cardiac response would you see to a PE?
Decreased blood delivered to L side = decreased CO and compensatory tachycardia
What is Samter's triad?
Very high dose ASA causes what sx?
Vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss
Respiratory stimulation: hyperpnea (thus resp alk, and metab acid from salicylate accumulation)
Sudden onset focal numbness and tingling that fully resolves within minutes is suggestive of what pathology? Best tx?
TIA, treat w low dose ASA
Why is a dexamethasone suppression test effective in differentiating between pituitary and ectopic ACTH secretion?
Pituitary ACTH hypersecretion is only partially resistent to glucocorticoid feedback: will respond to dexa
Ectopic ATCH is completely resistant to feedback: will NOT respond to dexa
What is the approximate volume of water in:
ECF: ~15L (1/3 of TBW)
Plasma: ~3L (1/5 of ECF)
In what direction does hepatic encephalopathy affect inhibitory and excitatory NT release?
How does lactulose treat hepatic encephalopathy?
Bacterial metabolism of lactulose acidifies the colon, trapping ammonium ions in the gut to be excreted
What are some precipitating factors of hepatic encephalopathy?
Drugs (sedatives, narcotics)
Excess nitrogen load (GI bleeding, constipation)
What type of nephropathy shows Kimmelstiel-Wilson nodules?
Diabetic (Nodular) Nephropathy
What type of nephropathy shows "tram tracks"?
Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (IC deposits, associated with heptatis)
What type of nephropathy is associated with HIV, heroin, and obesity?
What is the most likely outcome for HBV infection? HCV?
HBV: Complete resolution
HCV: Stable chronic hepatitis
What type of gastric mucosal defect extends into the submucosa? Which type stops at the muscularis mucosa?
ULCERS extend into the submucosal layer and the muscularis propria
EROSIONS do not penetrate past the muscularis mucosa
Acute obstruction of small airways in infants is usually due to what infection?
RSV (treat with RIBavirin)
What mutation is associated with Polycythemia Vera?
V617F involving the JAK2 gene, making hematopoietic cells more sensitive to growth factors
What is an important side effect of Risperidone (anti-psychotic)?
Hyperprolactinemia, due to anti-DAergic properties