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Flashcards in Drug antidotes Deck (22):
1

Antidote for acetaminophen

N-acetylcysteine (replenishes glutathione)

2

Antidote for salicylates

NaHCO3 (alkalinize urine), dialysis

3

Antidote for amphetamines (basic)

Nh4Cl (acidify urine)

4

Antidote for acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, organophosphates

Atropine, pralidoxime

5

Antidote for antimuscarinic, anticholinergic agents

Physostigmine salicylate, control hyperthermia

6

Antidote for beta blockers

Glucagon

7

Antidote for digitalis

Normalize K, Lidocaine, anti-digitalis Fab fragments, Mg2+

8

Antidote for Iron

Deferoxamine, deferasirox

9

Antidote for lead

CaEDTA, dimercaprol, succimer, penicillamine

10

Antidote for mercury, arsenic, gold

Dimercaprol (BAL), succimer

11

Antidote for copper, arsenic, gold

penicillamine

12

Antidote for cyanide

Nitrite +thiosulfate, hydroxocobalamin

13

Antidote for methemoglobin

Methylene blue, vit C

14

Antidote for carbon monoxide

100%, hyperbaric O2

15

Antidote for methanol, ethylene glycol (antifreeze)

Fomepizole > ethanol, dialysis

16

Antidote for opioids

Naloxone/naltrexone

17

Antidote for benzodiazepines

Flumazenil

18

Antidote for TCAs

NaHCO3 (plasma alkalinization)

19

Antidote for heparin

Protamine

20

Antidote for Warfarin

Vit K, fresh frozen plasma

21

Antidote for tPA, streptokinase, urokinase

Aminocaproic acid

22

Antidote for theophylline

beta blocker