Drugs for Hypertension Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drugs for Hypertension Deck (13):
1

Diuretics which can be see for hypertension, chronic heart failure, and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

Thiazides (hydrochlorothiazide, chlorthalidone, indapamide, metolazone)

2

To what class of diuretic does this drug belong?
Indapamide

Thiazide diuretics

3

To what class of diuretic does this drug belong?
Metolazone

Thiazide diuretics

4

To what class of diuretic does this drug belong?
Ethacrynic acid

Loop diuretics

5

What class of diuretic can be used for hypertension, acute heart failure, acute renal failure, pulmonary edema, and anion overdose?
Side effects include _______kalemic metabolic _____________, ototoxicity, nephritis, hyperuricemia, and sulfa allergy.

Loop diuretics (furosemide, bumetanide, torsemide, ethacrynic acid)
hypo
alkalosis

6

True or False.
Preload is determined by volume, afterload by systemic vascular resistance. Venodilators are preload unloaders.

True

7

What antihypertensive drugs are used to control blood pressure n pheochromocytoma? (4)

Phenoxybenzamine
Phentolamine
Labetalol
Carvedilol

8

What medications (not necessarily antihypertensive) may cause drug-induced lupus?

It's HIPP to have lupus!
Hydralazine
Isoniazid
Procainamide
Penicillamine

9

What can be prescribed for pregnant hypertensives?

Pregnant hypertensives in Mhanila (MHNL)
Methyldopa
Hydralazine
Nifedipine
Labetalol

10

What direct vasodilator alters intracellular calcium metabolism?

Hydralazine

11

What direct vasodilator opens potassium channels in vascular smooth muscle, causing hyperpolarization, muscle relaxation, and vasodilation? It is used for hypertension and alopecia.

Minoxidil

SimD: Diazoxide

12

A parenteral vasodilator which relaxes venous and arteriolar smooth muscle by increasing cGMP. Side effects include cyanide poisoning.

Nitroprusside

13

A parenteral dopamine-1 agonist which causes arteriolar vasodilation of the afferent and efferent arterioles. Side effects include hypotension and hypokalemia leading to arrhythmia.

Fenoldopam

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