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Flashcards in Local Anesthetics Deck (6):
1

Esters - with _____ "I" in their names
Amides - with _____ in their names

Esters - with one "I" in their names
- ex. Tetracaine, procaine
Amides - with two in their names
- ex. Lidocaine, bupivacaine

2

LA with shortest half-life?
Longest half-life?

Procaine (a pro finishes the race fastest)
Ropivacaine ( a loooooong ROPe)

3

LOCAL ANESTHETICS
- blockade of Na channels both state-dependent, use-dependent
- hyper________ enhances LA activity
- hyper________ antagonizes LA activity
- alcohol ________ effect of LAs
- All LAs are vasodilators except _________

LOCAL ANESTHETICS
- blockade of Na channels both state-dependent, use-dependent
- hyperkalemia enhances LA activity
- hypercalcemia antagonizes LA activity
- alcohol decreases effect of LAs
- All LAs are vasodilators except cocaine

4

LA which is also a Group 1B antiarrhythmic used post-MI and for digitalis toxicity

Lidocaine

5

For local anesthesia, dental anesthesia
SE: methemoglohinemia

Prilocaine

6

For intrathecal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia
Treat cardiotoxicity with Intralipid (fat emulsion used in TPN)

Bupivacaine

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