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Flashcards in history: chpt. 10 test Deck (124)
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Sun-centered model of the universe

Heliocentric

1

Egg-shaped

Elliptical

2

Law of universal attraction

Gravity

3

His observations suggested that planets had substance

Galileo

4

He developed laws of planetary motion

Kepler

5

The scientific method was all of the following EXCEPT…

A. Systematic procedure
B. Based on collecting and analyzing evidence
C. Reliant on the use of ancient authorities
D. Crucial to the evolution of science

C. Reliant on the use of ancient authorities

6

Inductive reasoning involved

Proceeding from the particular to the general

7

René Descartes believed in one absolute truth,

His own existence

8

Rationalism is the belief that

Reason is the chief source of knowledge

9

Francis Bacon, who developed the scientific method, was a

Philosopher

10

Philosophers, writers, economists, social reformers

Philosophes

11

System of political limits and controls

Separation of powers

12

To let (people) do (what they want)

Lasses-faire

13

Idea that God lets the universe run by its own laws

Deism

14

Interests of the Physiocrats and Adam Smith

Natural economic laws

15

In "The Wealth of Nations", Adam Smith gave all of the following roles to government EXCEPT…

A. Protection (the army)
B. Defense (the police)
C. Religion (the church)
D. Public works

C. Religion (the church)

16

Rousseau argued that society should be governed by…

A. The military
B. The church
C. A monarch
D. A social contract

D. A social contract

17

Rousseau believed in all of the following EXCEPT…

A. Balance of heart and mind
B. Abolition of the church
C. Rule of the general will
D. Education fostering natural instincts

B. Abolition of the church

18

Diderot's Encyclopedia was used to…

Attack religious superstition

19

Montesquieu's ideas were used in

The United States Constitution

20

New, graceful, enthusiastic artistic style of the 1730s

Rococo

21

Handel's best known religious work

Messiah

22

Monarchical rule by Enlightenment principles

Enlightened absolutism

23

Traditional Austrian empress

Maria Theresa

24

Alliance of France, Austria, and Russia

Diplomatic revolution

25

All of the following were outcomes of the Seven Years' War in North America EXCEPT…

A. France gave Louisiana to Spain
B. Spanish Florida came under British control
C. Canada became British
D. The 13 colonies became British

D. The 13 colonies became British

26

In the War of Austrian Succession,

Prussia invaded Austria

27

The concern of eighteenth monarchs for a balance of power involved all of the following EXCEPT…

A. Desire for peace
B. Larger armies
C. Expanded territory
D. Preventing domination by one state

A. Desire for peace

28

Catherine the Great of Russia did all of the following EXCEPT…

A. Favor the landed nobility
B. Expand serfdom
C. Enlarge the Russian
D. Reform the law code

D. Reform the law code

29

Frederick the Great of Prussia,

Enlarged the army

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