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Flashcards in science cells and organelles test Deck (58):
0

Name the two types of cells

Prokaryote cells and eukaryote cells

1

Prokaryotes contain what type of cells

Bacteria cells

2

Eukaryote cells contain what types of cells

Animal and plant cells

3

A single celled organism that does not have a true nucleus

Prokaryote cell

4

……… don't have a nucleus (genetic material not stored in a nucleus)

Prokaryotes

5

Prokaryotes have some ………, But not many

Organelles

6

Prokaryotes are ………… than eukaryotes

Less complicated

7

All ……… are prokaryotes

Bacteria

8

A more complex cell with a nucleus and many organelles

Eukaryote cell

9

…… all have a nucleus where the …… of the cell the stored

Eukaryotes; genetic material

10

Eukaryotes have many organelles that work together to …………

Make the cell function

11

……… Cells are more complex than ……… cells

Eukaryotic; prokaryotic

12

Eukaryotes can be just one cell or can make up more complex …………

Multicellular organisms

13

All……, ……, ……, and …… are eukaryotic cells

Plants, animals, fungi, and protists

14

Only allow certain things to pass through the membrane

Selectively permeable

15

Cells have three functions. Name them.

Make energy, make proteins, make more cells

16

Cells make energy for ........ and to ......... waste produced while making energy

Activities; clean up

17

......... do all the work in the cell so we need a lot of them

Proteins

18

Cells make more cells for ....... and to replace .................

Growth; damaged or diseased cells

19

Why do you cells need power to ........ and for ........

Make energy; organelles that do this work

20

To make energy cells must fuel daily .... and .......

Life and growth

21

To fuel daily life and growth, the cell must ........, ......... , and ..........

Take in food and digest it, take in oxygen and make ATP, and remove waste

22

The organelles that do this work include ........, ......., ........, ........., and .........

Cell membrane, lysosomes, vacuoles, vesicles, and mitochondria

23

What bacteria causes strep throat

Streptococcus

24

What are the oldest life forms on earth

Archaebacteria

25

What type of bacteria causes food poisoning

Salmonella

26

What part of the bacteria cell helps it stick to surfaces

Pills

27

Name two foods that bacteria help make

Cheese and yogurt

28

What does decompose mean

Break down

29

What is the control center of the bacteria cell

DNA

30

What part of the bacteria helps it move

Flagella

31

Where do archaebacteria live

Extreme environments

32

To what kingdom do common bacteria belong

Eubacteria

33

Describe the structure of a plasma/cell membrane

Has a Double layer of fat (phospholipid by layer) and receptor molecules (proteins that receives signals)

34

Describe the function of a plasma/cell membrane

Separate so from outside, controls what enters and leaves the cell, recognizes signals from other cells

35

Describe the function of the nucleus

Control center of cell and protects DNA

36

Describe the structure of the nucleus

It contains nuclear membranes, nucleolus (ribosome factory), and chromosomes (DNA)

37

Describe the function of centrioles

Helps coordinate cell division

38

Describe the structure of the centriole

There is one pair in each cell it is shaped like a straw

39

Describe the function of ribosomes

It is a protein factory and reads instructions to build proteins from DNA

40

Describe the structure of a ribosome

Some are free in the cytoplasm and some are attached to the ER

41

Describe the function of a Golgi apparatus

It finishes, sports, labels, and ships proteins into vesicles. It is like the UPS headquarters of the cell.

42

Describe the structure of a Golgi apparatus

It contains membrane sacs that look like a stack of pancakes

43

Describe the function of an endoplasmic reticulum

Works on proteins (complete proteins) and makes membranes

44

Describe the structure of the endoplasmic reticulum

Rough ER – ribosomes attached and works on proteins
Smooth ER – makes membranes

45

Describe the function of the mitochondria

Makes ATP energy from cellular respiration

46

Describe the structure of the mitochondria

It has a double membrane

47

Describe the function of lysosomes

They digest food, clean up and recycle (digest broken organelles)

48

Describe the structure of a lysosome

It has membrane sacs of digestive enzymes

49

Describe the function of a vacuole

It moves the material around the cell and serves as storage

50

Describe the structure of a vacuole

It is made up of membrane sacs that are filled with digestive enzymes and digested nutrients

51

Plasma/cell membranes, nuclei, ribosomes, mitochondria, lysosomes, and vacuoles are found in

Animal and plant cells

52

Centrioles are only found in

Animal cells

53

Cell walls and chloroplasts are only found in

Plant cells

54

Jellylike material holding organelles in place

Cytoplasm

55

Digest food and is the garbage disposal and recycling

Lysosome

56

Make ATP energy from sugar and O2

Mitochondria

57

Builds proteins

Ribosomes

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