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Flashcards in science: chpt. 20 test Deck (25):
0

A strong flexible polysaccharide that is found in the cell walls of all fungi and in the exoskeletons of insects and crustaceans

Chitin

1

Filaments that are the basic structural units that make up the body of a multicellular fungus; threadlike

Hyphae

2

Netlike mass made up of branching hyphae

Mycelium

3

Spore producing fungal reproductive structure

Fruiting body

4

Cross wall that divides hypha into cells

Septa

5

Specialized hypha of parasitic fungi that grows into a host's tissue and absorbs its nutrients

Haustoria

6

Reproductive haploid cell with a hard outer shell that forms a new organism without the fusion of gametes and is produced in the asexual and sexual life cycles of most fungi and some other organisms

Spore

7

Sac or case in which fungal spores are produced

Sporangium

8

Type of hypha formed by a mold that spreads ever food service

Stolon

9

Type of hypha formed by a mold that penetrates a food's surface

Rhizoid

10

Reproductive hyphal structure of zygotemycetes that contains a haploid nucleus

Gametangium

11

Spore producing hypha sac fungi

Conidiophore

12

In sac fungi the reproductive structure where haploid nuclei fuse to form a zygote

Ascocarp

13

Spore producing saclike structure of sac fungi

Ascus

14

Spore produced by an ascus

Ascospore

15

Fruiting body of basidiomycetes

Basidiocarp

16

Club straight, spore producing hypha of basidiomycetes

Basidium

17

Haploid spores are released by a basidium during reproduction

Basidiospore

18

Symbiotic relationship between a fungus and an alga or a photosynthetic partner

Lichen

19

Living organism that is sensitive to environmental conditions and is one of the first to respond to changes

Bioindicator

20

Symbiotic relationship between a specialized fungus and plant roots fungal hyphae help plants obtain water and minerals and plants supply carbohydrates and amino acids to the fungus

Mycorrhiza

21

Fungi produce asexually by ______, ______, and ______

Fragmentation, budding, or producing spores

22

Producing a large number of _____ increases a species chance of survival

Spores

23

Fungal spores can be dispersed by _____, _____, and _____

Animals, water, and wind

24

Fungi my produce spores by ______ and ______

Mitosis and meiosis

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