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The grouping of objects or organisms based on a set of criteria

Classification

1

A discipline of biology primarily concerned with identifying, naming, and classifying species based on natural relationships

Taxonomy

2

Gives species a scientific name that has two parts

Binomial Nomenclature

3

A named group of organisms

Taxon

4

A group of species that are closely related and share a common ancestor; (plural-genera)

Genus

5

Consisting of similar, related genera

Family

6

Contains related families

Order

7

Contains related orders

Class

8

_____ contains related classes; (plural-phyla) _____ means the same but is used for classification of bacteria and plants

Phylum; division

9

Related phyla or divisions

Kingdom

10

The broadest of all the taxa; contained one or more kingdoms

Domain

11

The evolutionary history of a species

Phylogeny

12

Inherited features that vary among species

Characters

13

A model used to compare DNA sequences from two different species to estimate how long the species have been evolving since they diverged from a common ancestor

Molecular clock

14

The method that classifies organisms according to the order that they diverged from a common ancestor

Cladistics

15

A branching diagram that represents the proposed phylogeny of a species or group

Cladogram

16

Prokaryotes with peptidoglycan-containing cell walls

Eubacteria

17

Prokaryotes whose cell walls do not contain peptidoglycan

Archaebacteria

18

Unicellular, multicellular, or colonial eukaryote who cell walls may contain cellulose; can be plantlike animal-like, or funguslike

Protist

19

Unicellular or multicellular eukaryote that is stationary, absorbs nutrients from organic materials in the environment, and has cell walls that contain chitin

Fungus

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