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Flashcards in science: chpt. 21 test Deck (19):
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Adaptation that enables the exchange of gases within the cell structure and outside environment

Stomata

1

Specialized transport/support tissues

Vascular tissue

2

Plants with vascular tissues

Vascular plants

3

Plants that lack specialized transport tissues

Nonvascular plants

4

Plant structure that contains an embryo, nutrients for the embryo, and is covered with a protective coat

Seed

5

Liverwort with a fleshy, lobed body shape

Thallose

6

Compact cluster of spore bearing structures

Strobilus

7

A plant that lives anchored to an object or another plant

Epiphyte

8

A fern's thick underground stem that serves as a food storage organ

Rhizome

9

Fern's spores from in a structure called _____.

Sporangium

10

Clusters of sporangia form a _____.

Sorus

11

Structures that store food or help absorb food for tiny sporophytes

Cotyledons

12

Feature that contains male and female reproductive structures of cycads and other gymnosperms

Cone

13

A plant that completes its life span in one growing season or less

Annual

14

Plant with a two-year lifespan

Biennial

15

Plant that can live for several years

Perennial

16

Infer why liverworts often grow close to the ground and in areas with plenty of moisture

They have vascular tissue

17

True/False: Both lycophytes and pterophytes produce spores

True

18

Name 5 adaptations that help plants when moving from sea to land

1. Cuticle-Prevents water evaporation and protects against microorganisms
2. Stomata-enables the exchange of gas within and outside the cell
3. Vascular tissue-transports water from soil to leaves
4. Reproductive Strategies-produce with spores and gametophytes
5. Seeds-reproduce with an embryo surrounded in a protective coating

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