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A highly organized society marked by trade govt the arts science often written language

Civilization

1

Anthropologist think the first people to build a civilization in America were the .... Whose culture emerged between 1500 and 1200

Olmec

2

Around A.D. 200, the .... Culture emerged in the Yucatán Peninsula and expanded into .... And southern ....

Mayan; Central America; Mexico

3

Between AD 850 and 1100, the ....... Living in the Chaco Canyon in northwest New Mexico began constructing large multi-story buildings of ...... And cut stone

Anasazi; Adobe

4

Mississippian city of .... covered 5 mi.² is home to an estimated 16,000 people

Cahokia

5

Major crops of the Native Americans were

Corn, beans, squash

6

The exchange of ideas through trade

Cultural Diffusion

7

Aztec's capital

Tenochtitian

8

..... Is a shallow lake in Tenochtitlán

Lake Texcoco

9

Palettes made for piling the soil from the bottom of the lake for growing food

Chinampas

10

Skilled in a creative craft

Artisan

11

Pueblo good spirit

Kachina

12

What was the Iroquois Confederacy?

Seneca, Mohawk, Cayuga, Oneida

13

SW natives lived in .....

Adobe houses

14

Pacific NW lived in ....

Wood houses

15

People of the plains-Middle West lived in ......

Tepees

16

Aleut and Inuit people lived in .......

Igloo

17

SE Natives lived in

Wigwams

18

Northern Natives lived in .......

Long houses

19

Anasazi moved to Mezoverde when ....... Collapsed

Pueblopinito

20

From North to South they trade ......
From South to North they trade ......

Salt; gold

21

People of Ghana

Soninke

22

People of Mali

Malinke

23

People of Songhai

Sorko

24

What was the purpose of the Crusades

Free the holy land from Islam

25

What does "Renaissance" mean and what influence did it have on Europe from AD 1350-1600

"Rebirth", rediscovered the works of Greek and Roman ideas; intellectual revolution

26

In AD 1001, ...... And 35 Vikings, were the first Labrador

Leif Ericson

27

One of the most important discoveries for Europeans in the Americas was the .......

Potatoes

28

Europeans introduced Native Americans to several new foods including ........

Oats, barley, rye, rice, bananas, onions, wheat, and animals such as chickens, cattle, and pigs

29

European imports that are beneficial to Native Americans were all set with the dreadful effects of an invisible one—

Bacteria that causes chickenpox, flu, measles, mumps, smallpox, typhus

30

Columbus landed on blank in the Bahamas

San Salvador

31

was the first permanent European colony in the New World

Santa Domingo

32

..... founded a colony that became the first Spanish settlement called ..... in North America

Ponce de Leon; St. Augustine

33

Military conquest protection

Feudalism

34

Agriculture; farming

Manorialism

35

To determine how old objects are scientists rely on....

Radiocarbon dating

36

Thousand years ago and much of the earth's water froze into huge ice sheets or ...

glaciers

37

An area of dry land name Beringia, after Vitus Bering, connected ..... with a part of North America that is now .....

Asia; Alaska

38

...... are people who continually move from place to place

Nomads

39

The first crops grown in America included ......

pumpkins, peppers, squash, gourds, and beans

40

....... was important because it would be ground into flour to make bread and could be dried in stored for long periods of time

Maize

41

They ....... were among the first Native Americans to use gold and copper for art and jewelry. ..... was their main city

Toltec; Tula

42

When the Europeans around in the 1500s and estimated 5 million people are living under ......... rule

Aztec

43

The Hohokam used the ..... and ..... Rivers as the water supply

Gila and Salt

44

The most important early mount building culture was the ..... culture

Adena

45

The culture of most Native Americans developed in response to what

Their environments

46

Upon what did the peoples living in Southwest depend to survive

Corn

47

Which peoples lived in the land bordering the Pacific from southeastern Alaskan to Washington state

Salish people, Chinook, Tlingit, Haida, Kwakuitls, Nootkas

48

For what did the peoples of the Pacific coast use lumber

Build homes, fashion Canoes, create elaborate art masks and totem poles

49

Who brought horses to North America

Spanish

50

How did the Sioux Warriors gain their greatest glory

The of Counting Coup which is to charge into a group of the enemy and touch them with a stick

51

What devices did the Inuit and Aleut invent to make their lives easier

Harpoon, kayak, dogsled, boots with spikes, goggles to prevent snow blindness

52

Who are the first Native Americans to encounter English settlers

new England and Virginia

53

What words from the Algonquian language are used today

Succotash, hominy, Moccasins, papoose

54

What is slash and burn agriculture and why was it used

Cut down forest and burn the clear land create nitrogen rich ashes that will make the soil fertile

55

How did the Iroquois's set out there living arrangements

They live in longhouses with kinship groups headed by the elder women

56

Who was Hiawatha

He was the chief of mohawk and one of the founders of the Iroquois

57

Where did almost all the people in the Southeast live

Towns

58

The .................. Grew by trading into precious commodities ......

Ghana, Mali, and Songhai; gold and salt

59

West Africa is an immense bulge of territory bordered on the north at the ........... And on the west and south by the ...........

Mediterranean Sea; Atlantic Ocean

60

Ideas as well as goods traveled along the African trade routes among the most significant was the religious ideas

Islam

61

In the 1200s the rulers of Europe shifted from ..... and ...... coins to ..... coins

Copper and silver; gold

62

The African peoples who lived on the southern edge of the Sahara had access to both the ...... from the south and the ...... and other goods coming from the north

Gold; salt

63

The ..... control of trade and built West Africa's ......

Soninke; first empire

64

The Empire of ..... reached it's peak in the 1300s under the leadership of ........ and his brother .......

Mali; Mansa Musa; Mansa Suluyman

65

The ruler of Songhai ......, used a powerful army of Calvary backed by a ....... to seize Timbuktu in 1468

Sonni Ali; fleet of war canoes

66

Ife Artist produced some of the most impressive art and west Africa including

Carved wood and Ivory, terra-cotta sculptures and cast metal

67

Many central African societies were ...........; that is they traced their lineage or decent for their mothers instead of their fathers

Matrilineal

68

After the arrival of Islam, Arab traders began to trade ..... and other goods in exchange for ........

horses, cotton; enslaved Africans

69

In order to increase their ...... production the Akan people acquired enslaved africans for Mali traders for use in clearing the land and mining

gold

70

The introduction of ........... forming encouraged Europeans to use enslaved workers and to enter into slave trade

sugarcane

71

How did the feudal system work

Aching would give estates to Nobles in exchange for their loyalty and military support

72

Why did a manor have to produce nearly everything its residents needed

Warfare and bandits made trade difficult

73

Where did serfs live and under what conditions

In the manor in a tiny one room house with dirt floors, a hole in the roof and a few pieces of crude furniture

74

What inventions improve the economy of Western Europe around AD 1000

Better plow and horse collars

75

What action barred people from participating in church rites

Excommunication

76

What were popular trade items between Italian and Arab merchants in A.D. 1200

Silk, spices, and other goods

77

What was one of the largest empires in world history

Mongol

78

When was the beginning of sea exploration for trade purposes

1300s to 1500s

79

Who benefited from the creation of a common currency as well as from increased trade in the 1400s and 1500s

Merchants, kings and queens of Europe, Arab traders

80

Who were the leaders and sea exploration by the mid 1400s

Portugal Spain England and France

81

What instruments and improvements to ships made sea travel easier

Astrolabe, compass, Lateen cells, ship cable for long-distance traveling

82

Why were caravels used for exploration

They were flatter, smaller, had multiple masts, had a rear rudder.

83

Who were the three main Portuguese explorers in the 1400s and where did they travel

Henry the navigator – Sagres, Bartolomeu Diaz – south tip of Africa and named it the Cape of Good Hope, Vasco da Gama – India

84

The Vikings attempt to found colonies in the Newfoundland region failed because they did not have better ......... than those of the opposing Native Americans

weapons

85

And 1150 for an Arab geographer named ......... published a geographical survey of as much of the world as was known then

Ptolemy

86

Ptolemies geography was in accurate because it made the earth seem much ........ than it was

smaller

87

Columbus mistakenly concluded that ........ was the coast of China and that ......... was Japan

Cuba; Hispaniola

88

The Treaty of tortoise I did two things explain

Confirmed Portugal's rights to control the route around Africa to India. Confirmed Spain's claims to the new lands of America

89

The accomplishment of the Vasco de Balboa was…

He founded a colony on the Isthmus of Panama, cross the Panama and was the first European to reach the Pacific coast of America

90

Name 5 ways the caravel was better than other ships

The Caravel had new lateen sails that allowed them to sail farther. It also had rear rudders so that they could steer easier. The caravel could hold up to 130 tons. The caravel contained multiple masts and a bilge pump. Also, it wash flatter and smaller to it was able to go and shallow water which made it easier to stop and fix the boat. Lastly, it had ballistones to keep it even in the water.

91

The Anasazi the cliff dwellings at

Mesaverde

92

Named the Pacific ocean

Magellan

93

De Gama landed on the coast of India at

Goa

94

A new culture known as the .....,, culture rose to prominence in the Ohio River Valley between 200 and 100 BC

Hopewell

95

The Asians came to the Americas between 15 and 30,000 years ago our crossing the blank

Landbridge

96

First crops raised was ...... and I also grew ............

Corn, squash, beans

97

The growth of agriculture allowed complex societies called civilizations to emerge including the blank and blank of Central America and the blank and Peru

Toltec Olmec Aztec and Maya; Inca

98

The major ancient cultures in North America where the blank in the Southwest in the blank in the southeast

Anasazi and Mississippians

99

Tribes of the Southwest included .....

Hope, Zunee

100

Tribes of the Pacific coast included .....

Haida

101

Tribes of the Great Plains included,

Sioux, Shosonee

102

Tribes of the Northeast included .....

Cenaca

103

Tribes of the the north west included,

Mohawk

104

Tribes of the far north included,

Aleut and Inuit

105

Tribes of the southeast included,

Cherokee and Cree

106

How did the slave trade from this early trading

Slaves were normally kept wars but as the need for gold increased they began selling slaves for Gold

107

During this time period Europeans were living under the political system called

Feudalism

108

This system broke down because of: ......, new farming methods such as, ......., ......., ....... And increase in .... Because of surplus

Crusades; better plow, horse collar, three-field system; trade

109

Intellectual revolution

Renaissance

110

Founded a school for ship pilots

Henry Navigator

111

Portuguese mapped Africa's west coast down to ...... Which was reached and renamed by ...... To .....

Cape of Storms; Diaz; Cape of Good Hope

112

When ..... Landed on the coast of India a basis of trade with the Far East was formed

De agama

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