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Flashcards in history: chpt. 19 test Deck (40):
0

Alliance between Mussolini and Hitler

Rome-Berlin Axis

1

Alliance between Germany and Japan

Anti Comintern Pact

2

No weapons or fortifications permitted

Demilitarized

3

Policy of satisfying reasonable demands and in exchange for peace

Appeasement

4

Agreement between Hitler and Stalin

Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact

5

In 1940, Japan was forced to decide which it needed more

Indochina's raw materials or U.S. oil and scrap iron

6

In December 1936, Chiang Kai-shek ended his military efforts against the Communists and

Formed a front against Japan

7

Chamberlain's Munich Conference with Hitler in 1938 resulted in Britain

Feeling that peace was secured

8

Hitler was confident that the western states who had signed the Treaty of Versailles would

Not use force to maintain it

9

Hitler planned to conquer the Soviet Union in order to

Secure land and Slavic slaves to strengthen the Reich

10

Hitler's "lightning war," using air supported panzer divisions

Blitzkrieg

11

Series of fortifications along France's German borders

Maginot Line

12

Target of Japanese attack on December 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

13

Site of Allies' D-Day invasion

Normandy

14

The German Air Force

Luftwaffe

15

Truman wanted to avoid an invasion of Japan because he believed that

Americans would suffer heavy losses

16

Which country was referred to as the "soft underbelly" of Europe by Winston Churchill

Italy

17

The turning point of the war in Asia that established U.S. naval superiority over Japan in the Pacific was the Battle of

Midway island

18

At the beginning of 1943, the Allies agreed to seek from the Axis Powers nothing short of

Unconditional surrender

19

Japanese leaders miscalculated American intent and thought that the United States would accept

Japanese domination of the Pacific

20

Hitler's "Final Solution" for the Jews

Genocide

21

Crowded designated containment or holding areas within cities for Jews

Ghettos

22

Hitler's largest extermination center in Poland

Auschwitz

23

The mass slaughter of European civilians, especially Jews

Holocaust

24

French Indochinese Communist leader

Ho Chi Minh

25

After 1941, Germany ruled some areas like Poland through direct annexation, but most of occupied Europe was run by German officials with

Local collaborators

26

Japan had conquered Southeast Asia during World War I using the slogan

"Asia for the Asiatics"

27

Some people didn't believe or acknowledge the full horrors of Hitler's slaughter of civilians for all of these reasons EXCEPT one

A. World War I propaganda had exaggerated German atrocities
B. Some people pretended not to notice
C. Allied forces chose to focus on ending the war
D. Collaborators refused to help Nazis hunt down Jews

D. Collaborators refused to help Nazis hunt down Jews

28

The victims of the Holocaust included large numbers of all of the following groups EXCEPT

A. Jews
B. Slavic people
C. Gypsies
D. Italians

D. Italians

29

Foreign diplomats tried to save Jews by

Issuing exit visas

30

Assembling and preparing for war

Mobilization

31

"Divine wind"

Kamikaze

32

British name for German air raids

Blitz

33

Post war ideological conflict between the U.S. and the USSR

Cold War

34

Site of Truman's demands for free elections in Eastern Europe

Potsdam

35

Churchill called postwar Soviet policy in Eastern Europe the

"Iron Curtain"

36

Stalin wanted to create a buffer to protect the Soviet Union from the West by creating

Satellite, pro-Soviet state governments

37

At Yalta, the Big Three—the USSR, the U.S., and Great Britain— all insisted that

Germany surrender unconditionally

38

The Tehran Conference in 1943 set in motion a plan that would ultimately result in

Germany being divided along the north-south line into East and West

39

The Yalta Conference resulted in the Big Three powers agreeing to

Form the United Nations

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