Flashcards in history: chpt. 9 test Deck (61)
A male's braided pigtail
Separate Manchus military units who were the chief fighting force of the empire
The founder of the _____ dynasty was, Ming Hong Wu. The _____ lasted until 1644.
_____ led seven voyages of exploration between 1405 and 1433
The Portuguese were expelled from _____ (Canton) but were allowed to occupy Macao
In 1644, Li and his forces occupied the capital of _____.
_____ are farming and hunting people who lived northeast of the Great Wall in the area known today as ______
The Manchus declared a new dynasty called _____, meaning pure
At one point, rebels seized the island of _____ just off the coast of China.
_____ ruled from 1661 to 1722 and was perhaps the greatest emperor in Chinese history
Explain how the pigtail became a political symbol under the Qing dynasty.
It made it easier to identify rebels
List the ways the Ming and Qing dynasties tried to limit contacts between Europeans and the Chinese people. Why did the British initially accept the restrictions?
Ming limited trade between China and Europe. Qing confined all European traders to one small island to limit contact with them. They initially accepted, and then they wanted access to additional cities along the Chinese coast.
Private business based on profit
Dozens, or even hundreds, of related families
A ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperatures; most famous of all the arts of the Ming Era
Wrote "The Dream of the Red Chamber"
In architecture the most outstanding example is the ______ in _____.
Imperial City; Beijing
_____ is an immense compound that was forbidden to commoners
_____ began construction of the Imperial City in 1406
Emperor Yong Le
Explain the significance of the Chinese extended family.
It allowed wealthy families to aid the poor families
Summarize the plot of "The Dream of the Red Chamber".
Tells the love of two young people caught in financial and moral disintegration of a powerful Chinese clan
Head of noble families that controlled their own lands and warred with their neighbors
System used by the shogunate to control the daimyo in Tokugawa, Japan; the family of the daimyo lord was forced to stay at their residence in the capital whenever the lord was absent from it
_____ seized the imperial capital of _____ and placed the reigning shogun under his control
Oda Nobunaga; Kyoto
Nobunaga was succeeded by _____, a farmers son who had become a military Commander. He located his capital at _____
Toyotomi Hideyoshi; Osaka
After Hideyoshi's death in 1598, _____, the powerful daimyo of ____ (modern-day Tokyo), took control of Japan.
Tokugawa Ieyasu; Edo
Exquisite poetry was written in the 17th century by the greatest of all Japanese poets, _____