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Flashcards in history: chpt. 9 test Deck (61):
0

A male's braided pigtail

Queue

1

Separate Manchus military units who were the chief fighting force of the empire

Banners

2

The founder of the _____ dynasty was, Ming Hong Wu. The _____ lasted until 1644.

Ming

3

_____ led seven voyages of exploration between 1405 and 1433

Zheng He

4

The Portuguese were expelled from _____ (Canton) but were allowed to occupy Macao

Guangzhou

5

In 1644, Li and his forces occupied the capital of _____.

Beijing

6

_____ are farming and hunting people who lived northeast of the Great Wall in the area known today as ______

Manchus; Manchuria

7

The Manchus declared a new dynasty called _____, meaning pure

Qing

8

At one point, rebels seized the island of _____ just off the coast of China.

Taiwan

9

_____ ruled from 1661 to 1722 and was perhaps the greatest emperor in Chinese history

Kangxi

10

Explain how the pigtail became a political symbol under the Qing dynasty.

It made it easier to identify rebels

11

List the ways the Ming and Qing dynasties tried to limit contacts between Europeans and the Chinese people. Why did the British initially accept the restrictions?

Ming limited trade between China and Europe. Qing confined all European traders to one small island to limit contact with them. They initially accepted, and then they wanted access to additional cities along the Chinese coast.

12

Private business based on profit

Commercial capitalism

13

Dozens, or even hundreds, of related families

Clan

14

A ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperatures; most famous of all the arts of the Ming Era

Porcelain

15

Wrote "The Dream of the Red Chamber"

Cao Xuegin

16

In architecture the most outstanding example is the ______ in _____.

Imperial City; Beijing

17

_____ is an immense compound that was forbidden to commoners

Imperial City

18

_____ began construction of the Imperial City in 1406

Emperor Yong Le

19

Explain the significance of the Chinese extended family.

It allowed wealthy families to aid the poor families

20

Summarize the plot of "The Dream of the Red Chamber".

Tells the love of two young people caught in financial and moral disintegration of a powerful Chinese clan

21

Head of noble families that controlled their own lands and warred with their neighbors

Daimyo

22

System used by the shogunate to control the daimyo in Tokugawa, Japan; the family of the daimyo lord was forced to stay at their residence in the capital whenever the lord was absent from it

Hostage System

23

Domains

Hans

24

Japan's outcasts

Eta

25

_____ seized the imperial capital of _____ and placed the reigning shogun under his control

Oda Nobunaga; Kyoto

26

Nobunaga was succeeded by _____, a farmers son who had become a military Commander. He located his capital at _____

Toyotomi Hideyoshi; Osaka

27

After Hideyoshi's death in 1598, _____, the powerful daimyo of ____ (modern-day Tokyo), took control of Japan.

Tokugawa Ieyasu; Edo

28

Exquisite poetry was written in the 17th century by the greatest of all Japanese poets, _____

Matsuo Basho

29

The Yi dynasty in _____, founded at the end of the fourteenth century, remained in power during the entire Tokugawa Era in Japan.

Korea

30

Sequence the events that led to Japan's policy of isolation.

The rule of Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu led to the policy of isolation.

31

List the four main social classes that existed during the Tokugawa Era. Who was at the top of the social structure, and who was at the bottom?

(1) Warriors (2) Farmers (3) Artisans (4) Merchants

The emperor and Imperial families were at the top, followed by the Warriors, farmers, artisans, and merchants on the bottom.

32

Traditional custom for Chinese women

Foot binding

33

Walled compound inside Beijing

Imperial City

34

Most famous of Chinese decorative arts

Blue and white porcelain

35

Group of May related families

Clan

36

All of the following changes occurred in China between 1500 and 1800 except…

A. An increase in population
B. Improvements in the food supply
C. Growth on manufacturing and trade
D. An increase in available farmland

D. An increase in available farmland

37

Private businesses-for-profit did not increase in China for all of the following reasons except…

A. Government control of manufacturing and trade
B. Heavy taxes on manufacturing
C. Disrespect for farming as a profession
D. Chinese attitudes toward trade and manufacturing

C. Disrespect for farming as a profession

38

The ideal family unit in Qing China consisted of…

The extended family

39

Between 1500 and 1800, 85% of Chinese people were…

Farmers

40

The Forbidden City was…

Closed to commoners

41

Manchu fighting units

Banners

42

Leader of exploration and trading voyages

Zheng He

43

Active Christian missionaries in China

Jesuits

44

Dynasty founded by Ming Hong Wu

Ming

45

Ruling dynasty from 1644 to 1911

Qing

46

All of the following contributed to the downfall of the Ming dynasty except…

A. Weak rulers
B. Peasant unrest
C. Poor crop yields
D. European political ideas

D. European political ideas

47

The emperor Kangxi was generally…

Tolerant of Christian missionaries

48

The first Europeans to make contact with the Ming dynasty were the

Portuguese

49

Accomplishments of the Mong emperor included…

Completing the Grand Canal

50

Reports from early Christian missionaries…

Made Europeans more curious about China

51

Heads of noble families

Daimyo

52

Territories or domains

Hans

53

Political control used by the shogunate

Hostage system

54

Crops grown for sale

Cash crops

55

Japanese social outcasts

Eta

56

Much of the prose Literature of the Tokugawa era was…

Lighthearted and entertaining

57

Samurai served as all of the following except…

A. Advisers
B. Government officials
C. Castle guards
D. Farmers

D. Farmers

58

The Japanese warrior class consisted of all of the following except…

A. Shogun
B. Peasant farmers
C. Ronin
D. Daimyo

B. Peasant farmers

59

The first Jesuit missionary, who came to Japan in 1549,

Was Francis Xavier

60

Which of the follows is not true?

A. Hideyoshi prohibited Christian activities
B. Dutch ships were limited to one visit per year
C. Initially, traders and missionaries were welcomed
D. Europeans were interested in buying Japanese weapons

D. Europeans were interested in buying Japanese weapons

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