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Flashcards in history: chpt. 9 test Deck (61)
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A male's braided pigtail

Queue

1

Separate Manchus military units who were the chief fighting force of the empire

Banners

2

The founder of the _____ dynasty was, Ming Hong Wu. The _____ lasted until 1644.

Ming

3

_____ led seven voyages of exploration between 1405 and 1433

Zheng He

4

The Portuguese were expelled from _____ (Canton) but were allowed to occupy Macao

Guangzhou

5

In 1644, Li and his forces occupied the capital of _____.

Beijing

6

_____ are farming and hunting people who lived northeast of the Great Wall in the area known today as ______

Manchus; Manchuria

7

The Manchus declared a new dynasty called _____, meaning pure

Qing

8

At one point, rebels seized the island of _____ just off the coast of China.

Taiwan

9

_____ ruled from 1661 to 1722 and was perhaps the greatest emperor in Chinese history

Kangxi

10

Explain how the pigtail became a political symbol under the Qing dynasty.

It made it easier to identify rebels

11

List the ways the Ming and Qing dynasties tried to limit contacts between Europeans and the Chinese people. Why did the British initially accept the restrictions?

Ming limited trade between China and Europe. Qing confined all European traders to one small island to limit contact with them. They initially accepted, and then they wanted access to additional cities along the Chinese coast.

12

Private business based on profit

Commercial capitalism

13

Dozens, or even hundreds, of related families

Clan

14

A ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperatures; most famous of all the arts of the Ming Era

Porcelain

15

Wrote "The Dream of the Red Chamber"

Cao Xuegin

16

In architecture the most outstanding example is the ______ in _____.

Imperial City; Beijing

17

_____ is an immense compound that was forbidden to commoners

Imperial City

18

_____ began construction of the Imperial City in 1406

Emperor Yong Le

19

Explain the significance of the Chinese extended family.

It allowed wealthy families to aid the poor families

20

Summarize the plot of "The Dream of the Red Chamber".

Tells the love of two young people caught in financial and moral disintegration of a powerful Chinese clan

21

Head of noble families that controlled their own lands and warred with their neighbors

Daimyo

22

System used by the shogunate to control the daimyo in Tokugawa, Japan; the family of the daimyo lord was forced to stay at their residence in the capital whenever the lord was absent from it

Hostage System

23

Domains

Hans

24

Japan's outcasts

Eta

25

_____ seized the imperial capital of _____ and placed the reigning shogun under his control

Oda Nobunaga; Kyoto

26

Nobunaga was succeeded by _____, a farmers son who had become a military Commander. He located his capital at _____

Toyotomi Hideyoshi; Osaka

27

After Hideyoshi's death in 1598, _____, the powerful daimyo of ____ (modern-day Tokyo), took control of Japan.

Tokugawa Ieyasu; Edo

28

Exquisite poetry was written in the 17th century by the greatest of all Japanese poets, _____

Matsuo Basho

29

The Yi dynasty in _____, founded at the end of the fourteenth century, remained in power during the entire Tokugawa Era in Japan.

Korea

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