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Flashcards in history chpt. one vocab Deck (27):
0

Scientists rely on ....... To determine how old objects are.

Radiocarbon dating

1

A 100,000 years ago the Earth began to cool gradually, entering what scientists called a period of glaciation

Ice ages

2

Huge ice sheets

Glaciers

3

People who continually moved from place to place

Nomads

4

9,000-10,000 years ago when early Americans learned how to plant and raise crops

Agricultural Revolution

5

Known as corn today

Maize

6

A highly organized society marked by trade, government, the arts, science, and often a written language

Civilization

7

Volcanic glass

Obsidian

8

An Anasazi made circular ceremonial room

Kivas

9

Large housing structures; multi-story with Adobe cut stone and long passageways; built for the Anasazi

Pueblos

10

The pueblo people thought a ...... Was a good spirit

Kachina

11

Cut down parts of the forest and then burn the cleared land so that the ashes would enrich the soil and make it more fertile

Slash-and-burn agriculture

12

Large rectangular houses with barrel shaped roofs covered in bark

Long houses

13

Conical or dome shaped and were made using bent poles covered with hides or bark

Wigwams

14

Extended families; Iroquoian peoples lived in these

Kinship groups

15

Regions of scrub forest and a kind of rolling grassland at the edges of the Sahara

Savannah

16

Muslim places of worship

Mosques

17

People who trace their lineage or descent through their mother rather than their fathers

Matrilineal

18

A new political system in Western Europe; a king would give estates to nobles in exchange for loyalty and military support

Feudalism

19

The economic ties between nobles and peasants; in return for protection, peasants provided various services for the Lord

Manorialism

20

People who were bound to the manor and could not leave without permission

Serfs

21

In intellectual revolution; it means "rebirth"; Europeans rediscovered the works of Greek and Roman philosophers, geographers, and mathematicians

Renaissance

22

A device invented by the ancient Greeks and refined by Arab navigators; it uses the position of the sun to determine the direction, latitude, and local time

Astrolabe

23

A small vessel capable of carrying about 130 tons of cargo

Caravel

24

An imaginary north-to-south line running down the middle of the Atlantic Ocean

The line of Demarcation

25

Sail around the globe

Circumnavigate

26

A series of complex interactions between peoples and environments that permanently altered the worlds ecosystem and changed nearly every culture around the world

Colombian Exchange

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