history: chpt. 7 test Flashcards Preview

Allie's Flashcardlet > history: chpt. 7 test > Flashcards

Flashcards in history: chpt. 7 test Deck (155):
0

Combative

Militant

1

French grant of rights to Huguenots

Edict of Nantes

2

Fleet of warships

Armada

3

named Elizabeth governor of church and state

Act of Supremacy

4

anti-Huguenot party

ultra-Catholics

5

When Henry of Navarre became Henry the 4th, he...

Converted to Catholicism

6

During the late Middle Ages, Spain did all of the following except...

A. Reconquer Muslim areas
B. Expel the Jews
C. Protect Catholicism
D. Invade England

D. Invade England

7

One of the richest parts of Philip the 2nd's empire was...

The Spanish Netherlands

8

Elizabeth Tudor tried to...

Avoid war with Spain

9

The French Kings of the 16th century managed to...

Do little to stop the spread of Protestantism

10

Rising prices

Inflation

11

Magic in traditional European village culture

Witchcraft

12

William and Mary's 1688 "invasion" of England

Glorious Revolution

13

Parliamentary forces in the 1642 civil war

Roundheads

14

English Calvinist Protestant group

Puritans

15

James the 1st of England strongly believed in...

The divine right of kings

16

The Civil War in England was a conflict between...

The king and parliament

17

The Rump Parliament did all of the following except...

A. Behead Charles the 1st
B. Restore Catholicism
C. Abolish the monarchy
D. Declare England a republic or Commonwealth

B. Restore Catholicism

18

William and Mary were offered the throne of England, in 1689 to…

Prevent succession by a Catholic Monarch

19

The bill of rights did all of the following except…

A. Abolish parliament
B. Recognize parliaments right to make laws
C. Prevent monarchs from raising armies
D. Recognize the right to a jury trials

A. Abolish Parliament

20

Idea that rulers whole total power

Absolutism

21

Louis the 14th's court location

Versailles

22

Russian word for Caesar

czar

23

Members of the Prussian landed aristocracy

The junkers

24

Members of Russian nobility

The Boyars

25

Peter the Great wanted to…

Westernize, or Europeanize, Russia

26

The Romanov Dynasty in Russia was…

Chosen by the national assembly

27

The Hapsburg empire did all of the following except...

A. Take control of Hungary, Croatia, and Slavonia
B. Lose their Holy Roman Empire in Germany
C. Remain a collection of territories
D. Established a centralized, absolutist state

D. Establish a centralized, absolutist state

28

The Commissariat established by Frederick William in Prussia became…

The overseer of army and an agency of civil government

29

The royal court at Versailles was not used by Louis the 14th as...

A. As his personal household
B. As the first university
C. As the center for state offices
D. To have powerful subjects visit to seek favors

B. As the first university

30

When did the French wars of religion begin?

1562

31

When did Spain defeat the Turks in the battle of Lepanto?

1571

32

When did England defeat the Spanish Armada

1588

33

When did the Edict of Nantes recognize rights of Huguenots in Catholic France?

1598

34

In many European nations Protestants and Catholics fought for _________ and ________________.

Political and religious control

35

During the 16th and 17th centuries, many European rulers extended their _____ and their _______.

Power; borders

36

When did Elizabeth the first die?

1603

37

When did the Civil War in England begin?

1642

38

When was Charles the first executed?

1649

39

When did the Glorious Revolution start?

1688

40

The 30 years war ended the unity of the __________________.

Holy Roman Empire

41

Democratic ideals were strengthened as a result of the _______ and __________________.

English and Glorious Revolution

42

When did the Romanov Dynasty begin in Russia?

1613

43

In what year did Louis the 14th come came to throne of France?

1643; he was four years old

44

When did Louis the 14th die?

1715

45

When did Peter the Great die?

1725

46

Louis the 14th was an _______________ whose extravagant lifestyle and military campaigns weakened ______.

Absolute monarch; France

47

_________________________ emerged as great European powers and the 17th and 18th century.

Prussia, Austria, and Russia

48

In what year did the Baroque movement begin in Italy?

1575

49

And what year did the Golden age of English theater begin?

1580

50

When was the Globe Theatre built?

1599

51

When did Cervantes complete Don Quixote?

1615

52

When did Hobbs publish Leviathan?

1651

53

The artistic movements of _________ and the _______ began in Italy and both reflected the spiritual perceptions of the time.

Mannerism; Baroque

54

___________ and ____________ were prolific writer's of dramas and comedies that reflected the human condition.

Shakespeare and Lope de Vega

55

By 1560, blank and blank had become highly militant.

Calvinism and Catholicism

56

French Protestants influenced by John Calvin. They made up about 7% of total French population.

Huguenots

57

The political leader of the Huguenots and a member of the Bourbon dynasty, succeeded to the throne as Henry the fourth.

Henry of Navarre

58

One of the lands that Philip the second inherited from his father

The Netherlands

59

Leader of the Dutch, the prince of Orange

William the silent

60

Ascended the throne in 1558; during her reign, the small island kingdom became the leader of the protestant nations of Europe and laid the foundations for a world Empire

Elizabeth Tudor

61

The Spanish fleet, battered by a number of encounters with the English, Sailed to Spain by northward route around blank and blank, where it was pounded by storms. Many of the Spanish ships sank

Scotland and Ireland

62

The 30 years war began in 1618 in the lands of the blank.

Holy Roman Empire

63

Protestant Nobles in blank rebelled against Hapsburg authority

Bohemia

64

Elizabeth's cousin, the king of Scotland, who became blank of England

James the first

65

Kings receive their power from God and are responsible only to God

Divine right of kings

66

Protestants in England inspired by Calvinist ideas

Puritans

67

James the first's son; believed in the divine right of kings; tried to impose more ritual on the Church of England; tried to force the Puritans to except his religious policies

Charles the first

68

Royalists

Cavaliers

69

A military genius; purged Parliament of any members that didn't supported him

Oliver Cromwell

70

A republic

Commonwealth

71

Cromwell ruled until his death in blank

1658

72

Charles the first brother; was an open and devout Catholic causing conflict between the king and Parliament

James the second

73

Louis the 13th's chief Minister; helps him run the government of France since he was so young when he came to the throne

Cardinal Richelieu

74

Louis the 14th chief minister who helped him run the government of France when he was a young boy called to the throne

Cardinal Mazarin

75

Louis came to power in blank when Mazarin died in what year?

1661

76

Louis the 14th waged for wars between blank and blank

1667 and 1713

77

The sun King (Louis) he died at age __. He left France with great blank and surrounded by blank

76; debt; enemies

78

After the 30 years war there were no Germans state, but over 300 "Germanies". Of the states two— _______ and _______ —emerged in the 17th and 18th century as great European powers.

Prussia and Austria

79

Laid the foundation for the Prussian state; built a large and efficient standing army; set up the General War Commissariat

Frederick William the great elector

80

In blank, Frederick William's son Frederick officially gained the title of king

1701

81

After the defeat of the Turks in blank Austria took control of Hungary, Transylvania, Croatia , and Slavonia

1687

82

The first ruler to take the title of czar

Ivan the fourth

83

________________ was chosen by the National Assembly as the new czar in ____

Michael Romanov; 1613

84

Ivins dynasty came to an end in ____

1598

85

Ivan the fourth was known as…

Ivan the Terrible because of his ruthless deeds among them stabbing his own son to death in a heated argument

86

The Romanov Dynasty lasted until ____

1917

87

_______________ became Cesar in 1689

Peter the Great

88

On a marshland on the Baltic in ____, Peter begin the construction of a new city, ______________.

1703; St. Petersburg

89

St. Petersburg was finished during Peters lifetime and remained the Russian capital until ____

1918

90

The artistic Renaissance came to an end when a movement called _________ emerged in the 1520s & 1530s.

Mannerism

91

"the Greek"; from the island of Crete; mannerism reached its high point in his work

El Greco

92

Mannerism was eventually replaced by new movement, ___________

The Baroque

93

The Catholic reform movement most wholeheartedly adopted the Baroque style. This can be seen in buildings at Catholic courts, especially those of the Hapsburgs in
_________________________________

Madrid, Prague, Vienna, and Brussels

94

The greatest figure of the Baroque period was the Italian architect and sculptor, ___________________.

Gian Lorenzo Bernini

95

Gian Lorenzo Bernini completed blank in Rome

St. Peter's Basilica

96

Blank was born in Rome and studied painting with her father. In 1616 she moved to Florence and began a successful career as a painter. At the age of 23 she became the first woman to be elected into the Florentine Academy of design

Artemisia Gentileschi

97

In both England and Spain writing for the theater reach new heights between blank and blank

1580 and 1640

98

The most famous dramatist; viewed as a universal genius; the master of English language. Whether in his tragedies or his comedies he showed a remarkable understanding of human condition

Shakespeare

99

When did Shakespeare appear in London?

1592

100

Beginning in the ____, the standard for playwrights was set by ____________.

1580s; Lope de Vega

101

Wrote DonQuixote which was one of the crowning achievements of the Golden age of Spanish literature.

Miguel de Cervantes

102

The English revolutions of the 17th century prompted very different responses from two English political thinkers, blank and blank

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

103

Thomas Hobbes wrote…

Leviathan

104

John Locke wrote ______________________ in ____

Two Treatises of Government; 1690

105

What was the chief cause of the Religious Wars?

Calvinists and Catholics struggle for the minds and hearts of Europeans

106

What years did the French Wars of Religion take place? What was at the center of these wars?

1562–1598; religion

107

In ____, Henry of Navarre succeeded to the throne as Henry the fourth

1589

108

Henry the fourth was crowned king in ____.

1594

109

When was the Edict of Nantes issued?

1598

110

It recognized Catholicism as the official religion of France, but it also gave the Huguenots the right to worship and enjoy all political privileges, such as holding public offices

Edict of Nantes

111

The greatest supporter of militant Catholicism in the second half of the 16th century was...

King Philip the 2nd

112

King Philip the second's reign extended from...

1556 to 1598

113

What was Philip the second's first major goal?

Consolidate the lands he had inherited from his father

114

Philip the 2nd was also known as...

“The Most Catholic King”

115

The 17th century has been called...

The Golden Age of the Dutch Republic

116

From blank to blank, Europe witnessed severe economic and social crisis.

1560 to 1650

117

What were the two factors of inflation, or rising prices?

The great influx of gold and silver from the Americas and a growing population increased the demand for land and food

118

The financial center of Europe in the Renaissance

Italy

119

By the 1600s, blank had spread to many parts of Europe.

Calvinism

120

The blank stated that all German states, including the Calvinist ones, could determine their own religion. This brought him into the Holy Roman Empire as a political entity.

The Peace of Westphalia

121

More than a year later after Cromwells death the Parliament restored the ________ in the person of ________________, the son of Charles the first

Monarchy; Charles the second

122

Charles dismissed Parliament in ____

1681

123

The blank helped create a system of government based on rule of law and a freely elected parliament.

The Bill of Rights

124

The ___________________ granted Puritans but not Catholics , the right of free public worship.

The toleration act of 1689

125

The reign of blank has long been regarded as the best example of the practice of absolutism in the 17th century.

Louis the 14th

126

Louis had complete authority over the traditional areas of royal power: _____________, _________, ___________

Foreign-policy, the church, and taxes

127

The core of the new Austrian empire was the traditional Austrian lands in present-day ________, ___________________, and __________

Austria, the Czech Republic, and Hungary

128

Baroque art reflected the _______________.

search for power

129

Kings and princes wanted other kings and princes as well as their blank to be in awe of their blank

Subjects; power

130

Bernini's throne of St. Peter is a highly decorated cover for the pope's ______________________.

Medieval wooden throne

131

Thomas Hobbe's political work

Leviathan

132

Novel by Cervantes

Don Quixote

133

Author of Two Treatises of Government

John Locke

134

Spanish playwright

de Vega

135

English playwright

Shakespeare

136

Thomas Hobbes claimed that any ungoverned society made human life…

Solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short

137

John Locke argued that before society was organized…

Humans had natural rights

138

Locks arguments were used in the 18th century to…

Support demands for constitutional government

139

Hobbs arguments were used to…

Justify absolute power

140

William Shakespeare was all of the following except…

A. French by birth
B. An actor
C. A master of the English language
D. A shareholder in a theater company

A. French by birth

141

What to new art movements emerged in the 1500s?

Mannerism and Baroque

142

What were the main political thoughts of John Locke and Thomas Hobbes?

Thomas Hobbes – one absolute ruler for all the people
John Locke – against the absolute ruler and every person had natural rights

143

Rights which we are born with

Natural rights

144

The artistic movement that emerged in Italy in the 1520s and 1530s; it marked the end of the Renaissance by breaking down the principles of balance, harmony, and moderation

Mannerism

145

And artistic style of the 17th century characterized by complex forms, bold ornamentation and contrasting elements

Baroque

146

Describe what DonQuixote reveals about the nature of Spanish character

He reveals dual Spanish nature. Don Quixote is a visionary and Sancho Panza is a realist

147

Summarize the mutual obligations between people and government as understood by lock

Government would protect the rights of people and people would act reasonably toward government. But if a government broke the contract, the people might form a new government

148

Describe the western customs, practices, and manners that Peter the great introduced to Russia

He ordered the preparation of the first Russian book of etiquette to teach western manners. Because Wessners did not have beards or long skirted coats, Russians had to shave their beards and shorten coats, upper-class women had to remove their veils and move out into society

149

The ______________ recognized catholicism as the official religion of France but allowed the Huguenots the right to worship and enjoy all political privileges such as holding public offices

Edict of Nantes

150

List the ways Elizabeth demonstrated moderation and her religious policies

She feared that war would be disastrous for England so she tried to keep Spain and France from becoming too powerful by supporting the weaker nation

151

Explain why Oliver Cromwell first purged Parliament and then declared a military dictatorship.

Cromwell purged Parliament of any members who have not supported him. He found it difficult to work with Parliament. After he destroyed both king and Parliament he set up a military dictatorship

152

List the countries involved in the 30 years war

All of the European powers except England

153

What problems traveled Europe from 1560 to 1650

Inflation because of gold and silver influx and growing population

154

Cervantes was a...

Visionary

Decks in Allie's Flashcardlet Class (69):