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Flashcards in history: chpt. 11 test Deck (59)
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One of the three classes into which French society was divided before the revolution: the clergy (first ____), the nobles (second ____), and the townspeople (third ____)

Estate

1

Aristocratic privileges

Relics of feudalism

2

Middle class

Bourgeoisie

3

Called the meeting of the Estates-General to raise new taxes

Louis XVI

4

Where the meeting of the Estates-General opened on May 5, 1789

Versailles

5

Deputies swore they would continue to meet until they had produced a French Constitution

Tennis Court Oath

6

Where Bastille, an armory and prison is located

Paris

7

On August 26, the National Assembly adopted the _____

Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen

8

A woman who wrote plays and pamphlets, refused to accept the exclusion of women from political rights; she penned a Declaration of the Rights of Woman and the Female Citizen

Olympe de Gouges

9

Rulers of ____ and ____ threatened to use force to restore Louis XVI to full power

Austria and Prussia

10

Ordinary patriots with out fine clothes

Sans-culottes

11

Explain why the Catholic Church was targeted for reform.

It was seen as an important pillar of the old order

12

List the reasons for the near collapse of government finances in France

Social conditions, bad harvests, slow manufacturing, food shortages, rising prices, unemployment

13

Social commoners

Third Estate

14

Merchants, bankers, industrialists, professionals

Bourgeoisie

15

French parliament under Louis XVI

Estates-General

16

"Without breeches," members of the Paris Commune

San-culottes

17

The Second Estate did all of the following EXCEPT

A. Own from 25 to 39 percent of the land
B. Hold high positions in government and the military
C. Not pay taxes
D. Side with peasants

D. Side with peasants

18

The Paris Bastille was

An armory and prison

19

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen proclaimed all of the following EXCEPT

A. An end to tax exemptions
B. Freedom of speech
C. Equal rights for women
D. Freedom of the press

C. Equal rights for women

20

The National Assembly's Constitution of 1791, _____

Set up a limited monarchy

21

The Paris Commune demonstrated, then seized power for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

A. Defeats in war with Austria
B. Economic shortages
C. Loyalty to Prussia
D. Anger with the monarchy

C. Loyalty to Prussia

22

Minister of Justice for the Paris Commune

Georges Danton

23

Individuals qualified to vote

Electors

24

Sudden overthrow of government

Coup d'ètat

25

Dissenting groups

Factions

26

Upper legislative house under the Constitution of 1795

Council of Elders

27

The Reign of Terror set up revolutionary courts to prosecute

Enemies of the republic

28

The two dissenting groups within the National Convention were the

Girondins and the Mountain

29

During its rule, the government of the Directory was opposed by

Royalists and radicals

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