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Elite guard of the Ottoman Turks

Janissaries

1

Appointed officials who collected taxes, maintained law and order, and were directly responsible to the sultans court in Constantinople

Pashas

2

Empires United by outside conquerors

Gunpowder empires

3

The supreme authority in both a political and military sense

Sultan

4

Chief official of a sultan

Grand vizier

5

Ottoman religious, legal, and educational advisers

The Ulema

6

Residence of a sultan and his wives

Harem

7

Leader of the Ottomans

Mehmet the second

8

Took control of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Arabia

Sultan Selim the first

9

Greatest Ottoman architect; built 81 mosques

Sinan

10

In the late 13th century, a new group of Turks under their leader Osman began to build power in the northwest corner of _____. It had been given to the Seljuk Turk rulers as a reward for helping the rulers defend their lands against the Mongols.

Anatolian Peninsula

11

The Ottomans expanded westward and eventually controlled _____ and _____. These two straits separated by the Sea of Marmara . Connect the Black Sea and Aegean Sea.

Bosporus; Dardanelles

12

Separates Bosporus and Dardanelles

Sea of Marmara

13

In Arabia, near the Red Sea; one of the holy cities of Islam

Makkah

14

Evaluate how the problems in the Ottoman Empire may have began during the reign of Süleyman the Magnificent.

Süleyman killed his two most table signs on the station of trees and, so he was succeeded by his only son left who wasn't as able as the other two sons.

15

Identify the four main occupational groups of the Ottoman Empire.

1. Peasants – farmed land
2. Artisans – organized by craft Guild
3. Merchants – most privileged group
4. Pastoral peoples – nomadic herders

16

The Ottoman Turks conquered all of the following except…

A. Constantinople
B. the Balkins
C. Spain
D. North Africa

C. Spain

17

The Ottoman Empire preferred to…

Administer their lands through local rulers and pashas

18

The Ottoman Empire after the death of sailor man was hurt by all the following except…

A. lack of training
B. Rise of a privilege group
C. Cost of constant force
D. The sack of Constantinople

D. The sack of Constantinople

19

Ottoman Turks mosques were designed with…

Domes and minarets

20

Ottoman art included…

Distinctive woven rugs

21

Persian King

Shah

22

Conformity to a traditional religious belief

Orthodoxy

23

Political disorder

Anarchy

24

Founded by Shah Ismail

Safavids

25

Founder of the Safavids, descendant of Safi al-Din

Shah Ismail

26

Ruled from 1588 to 1629. Safavids reached the high point of their glory under their rule

Shah Abbas

27

The most famous artist of the Persian painting period; created exquisite works on simple subjects, such as oxen plowing, hunters, and lovers.

Riza-i-Abbasi

28

In the early 14th century, Safi Al-Din had been the leader of a community of Turkish ethnic groups in _____, near the ______

Azerbaijan; Caspian Sea

29

The capital of the Safavids was moved from the northwestern city of _____ to the more centrally located city of _____

Tabriz; Isfahan

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