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Flashcards in history chpt. 6 test Deck (92):
0

Washington and Congress's tasks was to

Take words of the Constitution and turn them into an effective gov't

1

The ___ states that people have other rights that are not listed in the Bill of Rights

9th Amendment

2

James Madison suggested that the federal government raise most of its money by ....

Taxing imports from other countries

3

The ____ required all importers to pay five percent the value of their cargo when they landed it in the US

Tariff of 1789

4

Alexander Hamilton believed the government need the ability to

Borrow money

5

Southerners believed that having the nations capital here would help to offset the strength of the northern states and Congress

the south

6

Powers specifically mentioned in the Constitution

Enumerated powers

7

The federal government's willingness to use troops against ____ worried many people

Its own citizens

8

By the midterm elections of 1794 the factions within Congress had become the nations first ----

Political parties

9

The first eight amendments protect what

Individual rights

10

Hamilton supporters called themselves...

Federalists

11

Supporters of Madison and Jefferson took the name ------ also known as -----

Democratic-Republicans; Republicans

12

Hamilton believed that a strong democracy was dangerous to liberty because

Common people were not stable enough to control the government

13

Jefferson believed these people should control the government

Wealthy people

14

Jefferson also believe the ----- would corrupt the government and threaten the rights and liberties of…

Wealthy; ordinary people

15

The inner cabinet consist of

Secretary of State, Secretary of War/defense, secretary of treasury, and Attorney General

16

First secretary of state was

Jefferson

17

First secretary of defense was

Knox

18

First secretary of treasury was

Hamilton

19

First Attorney General was

Randolph

20

How many District Court's

13

21

Judiciary act of 1789 created how many appeals courts

3

22

The first Chief Justice was

John jay

23

The presidents cabinet was called

Group of advisers

24

Why did Republican support the French Revolution

They admired the fight for liberty

25

Where were the colonies the United States was required to defend it through the treaty of 1778

The Caribbean

26

How did President Washington attempt to avoid war with Great Britain in 1793

He said the US was friendly and impartial

27

Why did the Republicans attack Jay's Treaty

They thought the federalists were being pro-British

28

What benefit for the Americans came out of Pinckney's Treaty

The right to navigate the Mississippi and deposit goods at the port of NOLA

29

Where was the most rapidly growing region in the United States by 1790

Area between the Appalachian Mountains in the Mississippi River

30

What were the elements of the Treaty of Greenville

North America gave part of southern Ohio and Indiana for our yearly payment of $10,000 from the federal government, gave up land in Chicago, Detroit, and Vincennes, Indiana

31

What did President Washington caution against in his farewell address

American political parties

32

When was the first openly contested election for president

1796; when Washington step down as president

33

What was the French response to Jay's Treaty

They stopped American ships and sees their goods if they were headed to Britain

34

How did the convention of 1800 resolve the quasi-war

US gave up all claims against France for damage to American ships in France release the US of the treaty of 1778

35

The quasi-war took place at

Sea

36

What were the elements of the four laws of the alien and sedation acts

1. Requires immigrants to wait 14 years to become citizens
2-3. Gave president the power to the port without trial any alien dangerous in the United States
4. Aimed at preventing sedation, or rebellion (made printing anything false a federal crime)

37

What was the goal of the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions

Declare federal laws unconstitutional and protect states rights

38

What is nullification

The states right to nullify or declare the law invalid

39

What is interposition

The states right to tell citizens they don't have to obey a law

40

What were the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions

Criticism of alien and sedition acts

41

Who were the first three presidents (in order)

Washington, Adams, Jefferson

42

Established a right to judicial review

Marbury versus Madison

43

Who is the supreme justice on the Marbury versus Madison case

Marshall

44

Instead of overturning all the ---- policies, Jefferson sought to integrate them with his own ----- ideas

Federalist; Republican

45

A strong believer in ---- , Jefferson hope to limit the scope of federal power

Small government

46

One of the first acts of Congress after Jefferson took office was to repeal the ----- , doing away with President Adams new judges

Judiciary act of 1801

47

The impeachment of justice Chase established that judges can only be removed for --- , not simply because Congress disagreed with their decisions

Criminal behavior

48

In 1803 Napoleon offered to sell all of the ------- as well as ------

Louisiana territory; New Orleans

49

The ----------- not only increased American knowledge of the Louisiana territory, it also gave the United States claim to the ------- along the coast

Lewis and Clark expedition; Oregon territory

50

The British regulations known as the ------ declare that all ships going to Europe need a British license and would be searched for contraband

Orders in Council

51

The British practice of stopping American ships to seize sailors was known as

Impressment

52

Jeffersons administration limited the power of the ----- government and acquired a --------- in the west

Federal; vast new territory

53

Lewis and Clark left on their voyage from

St. Louis

54

They traveled this river

Missouri River

55

Lewis and Clark made it to the coast of ------ and returned in ----

Oregon; 1806

56

Open trade with whoever stopped restrictions on trade

Macon's bill

57

Head a Warhawks

Henry Clay

58

Something done or said that is used in future

Precedent

59

This treaty ended the war of 1812

Treaty of Ghent

60

What was the leading concern incoming president Madison inherited from President Jefferson

Tensions between the US and British and avoiding a war

61

Why was Britain's agreement to end all restrictions on America's trade too late

Because two days before the agreement, Congress had declared war on Britain

62

Why did Americans in the south and west want war

British trade restrictions hurt Southern planters and western farmers and Eastern merchants can make a profit because they passed the cost of losing ships and goods onto the farmers

63

What sparked Native American resistance in the west

Increasing demands of speculators and settlers

64

How did Congress vote one President Madison asked for a declaration of war in 1812

The vote was split a long regional lines; south and west wanted war and New England states didn't

65

What problems face the United States went to war was declared on Britain in 1812

Cannot loan money and have military and financial weakness

66

Who is Victory gave the Americans control of Lake Erie

Oliver Perry

67

What were the three parts to the British strategy for war against United States in 1814

British Navy would read American cities, they would march sound into New York for Montreal and cut off New England for the rest of the country, seize New Orleans and close the Mississippi River

68

Why did the British abandon their plan to continue their attack at Lake Champlain

They saw how the Americans could use their control lake like to surround the British

69

how did the Federalist party come to an end

Nationalism - pride in ones country and Federalists seemed unpatriotic

70

What was the greatest result of the war of 1812 for the United States

Increased prestige overseas and nationalism

71

The year Lewis and Clark left and the year they returned

1804 ; 1806

72

How many men went on the Lewis and Clark expedition

45

73

What kind of dog did they take

Newfoundland

74

Name three things Jefferson told Louis and Clark to do

Observe the Missouri River, become acquainted with the Indian natives, and observe whether animals and plants

75

To native groups they met who are now extinct

Oto and Mandan

76

What tribe was Sacagawea from

Shoshone

77

What was Squanto's wife's name and her clan

Nakoma of the Hawk Clan

78

Who is the owner of the boat/captor of Squanto

Sir George

79

Who is the head of the monastery

Brother Paul

80

Which monk saved Squanto his life

Brother Daniel

81

What was the name of the native who was captured with Squanto

Epinau

82

What was the symbol of Squantos tribe

Wampum belt

83

Squanto is of what clan

Wolf clan

84

The gift his wife gave him when they got married

A feather

85

The gift given to his father by a white man

A bell

86

Name two things he found left in his tribe

Wampum belt and the bell

87

Who is the current Secretary of State

John Kerry

88

Who is the current secretary of treasury

Jacob Lew

89

Who is the current secretary of defense

Ashton B. Carter

90

Who is the current attorney general

Loretta Lynch

91

Who is the current chief justice

John Glover Roberts Jr.

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