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Flashcards in history: chpt. 16 test Deck (92)
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A military draft

Conscription

1

The process of assembling troops and supplies for war

Mobilization

2

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

Triple Alliance

3

Great Britain, Russia, France

Triple Entente

4

Heir to Austrian-Hungarian throne

Archduke Francis Ferdinand

5

Bosnian that assassinated the archduke; he was 19

Gavrilo Princip

6

Decided to become allies with Austira-Hungary

Emperor William the 2nd

7

Ordered mobilization of Russian Army

Czar Nicholas the 2nd

8

Formed the Germans military plan

General Alfred Von Schlieffen

9

Supported Russia; located in the Balkans

Serbia

10

Located in the Triple Alliance territory

Bosnia

11

Explain why Great Britain became involved in the war

They were concerned about maintaining their own world power

12

List the ethnic groups that were left without nations after the nationalist movements of the 19th century

Isirsh (British rule), Slavic Groups (Balkans), Poles (Russian rule)

13

Ideas spread to influence public opinion

Propaganda

14

Fighting from ditches protected by barb wire

Trench Warfare

15

War based on wearing the other side down by constant attacks and heavy losses

War of attrition

16

Systems directed by government agencies

Planned economics

17

Complete mobilization of people and resources

Total war

18

British officer; urged Arab princes to revolt against their Ottoman overlords

Lawrence of Arabia

19

Said, "I give your Majesty my word as an officer that not one American will land on the continent."

Admiral Holtzendorff

20

U.S. President during WWI

Woodrow Wilson

21

Where the first battle of the war was fought (in France)

Marne

22

Where the Germans were defeated (in Germany)

Tannenberg

23

Where Germany was defeated on September 15

Masurian

24

Located in France

Verdun

25

Located southwest of Constantinople

Gallipoli

26

Explain why WWI required total warfare

Because it affected the lives of all citizens in the warring countries

27

List some of the occupations opened to women by the war

Chimney sweeps, truck drivers, farm laborers, and factory workers

28

Council composed of reps from workers and soldiers

Soviets

29

Ensured regular supplies for the Red Army

War Communism

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