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Flashcards in history: chpt. 16 test Deck (92):
0

A military draft

Conscription

1

The process of assembling troops and supplies for war

Mobilization

2

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy

Triple Alliance

3

Great Britain, Russia, France

Triple Entente

4

Heir to Austrian-Hungarian throne

Archduke Francis Ferdinand

5

Bosnian that assassinated the archduke; he was 19

Gavrilo Princip

6

Decided to become allies with Austira-Hungary

Emperor William the 2nd

7

Ordered mobilization of Russian Army

Czar Nicholas the 2nd

8

Formed the Germans military plan

General Alfred Von Schlieffen

9

Supported Russia; located in the Balkans

Serbia

10

Located in the Triple Alliance territory

Bosnia

11

Explain why Great Britain became involved in the war

They were concerned about maintaining their own world power

12

List the ethnic groups that were left without nations after the nationalist movements of the 19th century

Isirsh (British rule), Slavic Groups (Balkans), Poles (Russian rule)

13

Ideas spread to influence public opinion

Propaganda

14

Fighting from ditches protected by barb wire

Trench Warfare

15

War based on wearing the other side down by constant attacks and heavy losses

War of attrition

16

Systems directed by government agencies

Planned economics

17

Complete mobilization of people and resources

Total war

18

British officer; urged Arab princes to revolt against their Ottoman overlords

Lawrence of Arabia

19

Said, "I give your Majesty my word as an officer that not one American will land on the continent."

Admiral Holtzendorff

20

U.S. President during WWI

Woodrow Wilson

21

Where the first battle of the war was fought (in France)

Marne

22

Where the Germans were defeated (in Germany)

Tannenberg

23

Where Germany was defeated on September 15

Masurian

24

Located in France

Verdun

25

Located southwest of Constantinople

Gallipoli

26

Explain why WWI required total warfare

Because it affected the lives of all citizens in the warring countries

27

List some of the occupations opened to women by the war

Chimney sweeps, truck drivers, farm laborers, and factory workers

28

Council composed of reps from workers and soldiers

Soviets

29

Ensured regular supplies for the Red Army

War Communism

30

Czar Nicholas II's wife

Alexandra

31

An educated Siberian peasant; claimed to be the "holy man"

Grigori Rasputin

32

Headed the provisional government

Alexander Kerensky

33

Small faction of a Marxist party

Bolsheviks

34

Head of the Bolsheviks

V. I. Lenin

35

Red Army commissar of war; reinstated the draft

Leon Trotsky

36

Located in Russia; where women marched about bread

Petrograd

37

Was given up by Germany

Ukraine

38

Anti-Communist force attacked; threat to Communist

Siberia

39

A mining town

Urals

40

Explain why Lenin accepted the loss of so much Russian territory in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

He said it made no difference

41

List some different opinions that split the White forces

•Single-minded sense of purpose
•Determination
•Revolutionary zeal
•Conviction

42

Aggressive preparation for war

Militarism

43

Readying troops and supplies for war

Mobilization

44

Ally of Austria-Hungry

Germany

45

Protector of Serbia

Russia

46

The triple alliance was a loose agreement of cooperation among…

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

47

Which of the following is NOT considered a major cause of World War I

A. The growth of nationalism
B. Impressionism
C. Militarism
D. Internal dissent

B. Impressionism

48

Austria-Hungary feared that Serbia would…

Create a large Slavic state

49

Germany viewed the Russian czar's full mobilization of the army as an…

Act of war

50

The German military plan devised by General von Schlieffen

Called for a war on two fronts

51

Warfare based on wearing down of the opponents

War of attrition

52

Huge German airship

Zeppelin

53

Warfare based on protected lines of ditches

Trench warfare

54

During the war, new roles in the workforce were created for women because…

So many men entered the military effort

55

To maintain high morale and maintain support for the war among the citizens ____.

The democratic states used propaganda

56

Air warfare in World War I involved all of the following EXCEPT…

A. The first long-range missiles
B. Spotting enemy positions
C. Attacking ground targets
D. Shooting down enemy aircraft

A. The first long-range missiles

57

Across Europe, war time governments…

Set up planned economies

58

United States entered the war largely after the issue of…

Unrestricted submarine warfare

59

Russian legislative body in 1917

Duma

60

Representative councils of workers and soldiers

Soviets

61

Small section of the Russian social Democratic Party

Bolsheviks

62

Red Army's commissar

Trotsky

63

Temporary suspension of communist practices

War communism

64

Russia was unprepared for the war and all the following ways except one. Which one?

A. No competent military leaders
B. Weak armament industry
C. Poorly armed military
D. No czar

D. No czar

65

Women workers in Petrograd marched in protest, then…

Organized a general strike

66

Outwardly, Lenin turned over power to the all-Russian Congress of Soviets, then…

Passed real power to the Council of people's commissars that he controlled

67

Military opposition or other forms of challenges to the red Army came from all the following EXCEPT…

A. Siberian anti-communist
B. Italian royalists who supported Lenin
C. Allied material aid to the anti-Communist
D. The Ukrainians

B. Italian royalists who supported Lenin

68

Kerensky's provisional government made the fatal mistake of deciding to…

Continue the war

69

Complete mobilization of resources and people

Total war

70

Explain why the mandate system was created. Which countries became mandates? Who governed them?

Wilson opposed the outright annexation by the Allies. France controlled Lebanon and Syria. Britain controlled Iraq and Palestine

71

List some of President Wilson's proposals for created a truly just and lasting peace. Why did he feel the need to develop these proposals?

Peace agreements and self determination/ for lasting peace

72

Located in Northern Germany

Kiel

73

Taken by the Germans from France

Alsace and Lorraine

74

Near Germany and Czechoslovakia

Poland

75

Guided military operations

Erich Von Ludendorff

76

Leader of the social democrats

Friedrich Ebert

77

Prime minister of Great Britain

David Lloyd George

78

Premier of France

Georges Clemenceau

79

A truce, an agreement to end fighting

Armistice

80

Payment made to the victors by the losers of the war to cover war costs

Reparations

81

A nation governed by another nation by the League of Nations

Mandates

82

Truce agreement

Armistice

83

Payment to cover war costs

Reparations

84

Governing without owning the territory

Mandate system

85

British prime minister in 1919

Lloyd George

86

French premier in 1919

Georges Clemenceau

87

American President Wilson argued at the Paris peace conference most strongly for…

A League of Nations to prevent future wars

88

To gain Arab support against the Ottoman Turks during the war, the allies had promised to…

Recognize independent Arab states

89

Under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was forced to do all of the following EXCEPT…

A. Return Alsace and Lorraine to France
B. Give up land to a new Polish state
C. Pay for war damage
D. Run Italy as a mandate

D. Run Italy as a mandate

90

The Treaty of Versailles was signed by the Big Three powers as a peace settlement with…

Germany

91

After German emperor William the second fled the country in 1918, Germany formed a…

Democratic republic

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