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Flashcards in history: final Deck (100):
0

A soldier in the elite guard of the ottoman Turks

Janissary

1

An appointment official in the Ottoman Empire who collected taxes and was directly responsible for the sultans court

Pasha

2

Residence of a sultan and his wife

Harem

3

"Holder of power", the military and political head of state under the Seljuk Turks

Sultan

4

A group of religious advisers who educated Muslims

Ulema

5

Chief official of a sultan

Grand vizier

6

He executed his two most able sons on suspicion of treason

Süleyman

7

Persian King

Shah

8

Conformity to traditional religious beliefs

Religious orthodoxy

9

Political disorder

Anarchy

10

They used Shiite faith as a unifying force

Safavids

11

_____ believed that the shah was divine

Shiites

12

His paintings were characterized by simple subjects, soft colors, and flowing movements

Riza-I-Abbasi

13

Isfahan was _____'s capital which featured a central polo ground

Shah Abbas

14

A local official in Mogul India who received a plot of farmland for temporary use in return for collecting taxes

Zamindar

15

Hindu custom of cremating a widow on her husbands funeral pyre

Suttee

16

During his rule he had an empty treasury, military campaigns forced his to raise taxes and he was imprisoned by his son

Shah Jahan

17

Foreigners in India who were also Muslims

Moguls

18

British military success in India was achieved by the genius of

Sir Robert Clive

19

Founded the a mogul dynasty in India

Babur

20

An increase in population, growth in manufacturing and trade and improvements in the food supply all occurred in ____ between 1500 and 1800

China

21

The extended family was the ideal family unit in

Qing, China

22

The ________ was closed to commoners

Forbidden city

23

The prose literature of this era was lighthearted and entertaining

Tokugawa

24

Shoguns, Ronins, and Daimyo all comprised the ______ warrior class

Japanese

25

_______ was the first Jesuit missionary who came to Japan

Francis Xavier

26

A ______ could hold the title of adviser, government official, and castle guard

Samurai

27

This emperor was generally tolerant of Christian missionaries

Kangxi

28

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to make contact with this dynasty

Ming

29

Reports from early ____ missionaries made Europe more curious about China

Christian

30

Leader of exploration and trading voyages

Zheng He

31

Ruling dynasty from 1644 until 1911

Qing

32

Active Christian missionaries in China

Jesuits

33

Territories or domains

Hans

34

Japanese social outcasts

Eta

35

Head of noble families

Daimyo

36

Private business based on profit

Commercial capitalism

37

The hostage system was political control used by the _____

Shogunates

38

Banners were ______ fighting units

Manchu

39

Ming was a dynasty found by?

Ming Hong Wu

40

Wrote, "wealth of nations"

Adam Smith

41

Framed a new religious movement, Methodism

John Wesley

42

Wrote, "upon experimental philosophy"

Margaret Cavendish

43

Wrote, "discourse on Method"

Rene Descartes

44

Wrote "discourse on the origins of the inequality of mankind"

Jean Jacques Rousseau

45

Thought scientists should use inductive reasoning instead of relying on ancient authorities

Francis Bacon

46

Gravity is the law of what?

Universal Attraction

47

Kepler developed laws of _____

Planetary motion

48

Reason is the chief source of knowledge is the definition of what?

Rationalism

49

Maria Theresa was a traditional empress from where?

Austria

50

______ was invaded by Austria in the War of the Austrian Succession

Prussia

51

The diplomatic revolution was an alliance between France, Austria, and _____

Prussia

52

This involved proceeding from the particular to the general

Inductive reasoning

53

______ and Britain fought over colonial empires

France

54

They approved the Declaration of Independence

Second Continental congress

55

The sharing of power between national and state governments

Federal system

56

Served as head of the cabinet for the British and wanted a peaceful foreign policy

Robert Walpole

57

Scotland and _____ came together to create a the United Kingdom of Great Britain

England

58

Offspring of _____ and Europeans were Mulattoes

Africans

59

Offspring of _____ and Europeans were mestizos

Native Americans

60

The first estate consisted of the ____

Clergy

61

The second estate consisted of _____

Nobility

62

The third estate consisted of the ____

Social commoners

63

Meetings of the estates general opened here

Versailles

64

Home to the armory and prison that was stormed by the Parisians

Paris

65

The legislative assembly declared war on _____ in the spring of 1792

Austria

66

Rulers of _____ threatened to use force to restore Louis XVI to full power

Prussia

67

The Declaration of the rights of man and citizen proclaimed freedom of speech, freedom of press, and ______

Tax exemptions

68

The ______ of the National Assembly set up a limited monarchy

Constitution

69

The _____ and the Mountains were dissenting groups within the national convention

Girondins

70

The government of the directory was opposed by the _____ and Radicals

Royalists

71

_____ toppled the Directory

Napoleon

72

The the committee of public safety was originally set up to defend France from ___

Foreign Armies

73

Enemies of the republic during the reign of terror were prosecuted by ____

Revolutionary courts

74

1,880 citizens of ____ were executed by the Committee of Public Safety

Lyon

75

Citizens of ____ were sunk in barges in the Loire River

Nantes

76

Napoleon was born here

Corsica

77

Napoleons argument with the ____ allowed Catholicism to be recognized, made those who purchased church land his supporters and restored some stability to France

Catholic Church

78

Women were treated as less than equal to men by Napoleon's ____

Civil Code

79

Napoleon's ______ was designed to stop British trade with Europe

Continental System

80

Germany was the ally of ______

Austria-Hungary

81

Russia was the protector of ____

Serbia

82

The Triple Alliance included: Germany, Austria and ______.

Italy

83

Across ______, war time governments setup planned Economies

Europe

84

____ entered the war over unrestricted submarine warfare

United States

85

______ states used propaganda to maintain high morale and maintain support for the war among their citizens

Democratic

86

The Von Schlieffen plan was a _____ plan during the war

German

87

Austria-Hungary feared that Serbia would create a large ___ state

Slavic

88

____ was the Red Army's commissar

Trotsky

89

Setup a provisional government and made the fatal mistake of continuing the war

Kerensky

90

Site of a women led, organized strike

Petrograd

91

The Duma was a ________ legislative body in 1917

Russian

92

Representative councils of workers and soldiers

Soviets

93

The Allies promised to recognized independent ___ states on reference to the Ottoman Turks during the war

Arab

94

Lloyd George was the _____ leader in 1919

British

95

In the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was forced to give up land to a new ______ state

Polish

96

Georges Clemenceau was the _____ leader in 1919

French

97

Woodrow Wilson argued at the ____ peace conference most strongly for the League of Nations to prevent future wars

Paris

98

Aggressive preparation for war

Militarism

99

Military Draft

Conscription

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