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Flashcards in history section 1-2 test Deck (52):
0

The Ottawa chief who attacked settlers west of the Appalachians

Pontiac

1

The treaty that ended the French and Indian war

Treaty of Paris 1763

2

The "shot heard around the world" was fired there

Concord–Lexington

3

The president of the continental congress who was the first to sign the Declaration of Independence

John Hancock

4

This British General was made governor of Massachusetts by the King

Gage

5

French and Indian war was called this in Europe

7 Years War

6

The Coercive Act and the Quebec Act became known as these acts to the colonists

Intolerable Acts

7

This name was given by colonists to the skirmish with British soldiers on Boston Common

Boston Massacre

8

Patriot group that held the Boston Tea Party

Sons of Liberty

9

He was made head of the continental army

George Washington

10

The stockade fort built by Washington in the wilderness near Great Meadows

Fort Necessity

11

The continental congress met in this city

Philadelphia

12

Militia members were called

Minutemen

13

These acts were meant to punish the colonists of Boston for dumping tea in the harbor

Coercive Acts

14

The British prime minister who sent ships to blockade the St. Lawrence

Pitt

15

This act placed the first direct tax on the colonists

Stamp Act of 1765

16

The Battle of Quebec took place on these plains

Plains of Abraham

17

The British and the French both wanted to control this valley

Ohio River Valley

18

This act banned the use of paper money in the colonies

Currency Act of 1764

19

Americans who backed Britain

Loyalists or Tories

20

This act said the colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mt.

Proclamation of 1763

21

The leader of the sons of liberty

Sam Adams

22

Wrote the Declaration of Independence

Thomas Jefferson

23

This petition was sent to King George by the second continental congress

Olive Branch Petition

24

This pamphlet that was widely read by colonists and encouraged them toward revolution

Common Sense

25

Colonial delegates met with Iroquois leaders at this conference

Albany Conference

26

Committees created to communicate with other colonies about British activities

Committee of Correspondence

27

These allowed custom agents to enter any location to look for evidence of smuggling

Writs of Assistance

28

Who was the first person killed at the Boston Massacre and what was going to become of the Revolutionary War

Crispus Attucks at the Boston Massacre

29

Who was the first postmaster?

Benjamin Franklin

30

What was the first newspaper?

The Boston Gazette

31

List three parts of the Treaty of Paris 1763

1. French lost all territory in North America
2. Spain got NOLA
3. Britain got Florida

32

List the four laws of the Coercive Acts

1. Shut down Boston's port until the city paid for the tea they destroyed
2. All council members, judges, & sheriffs in Mass. are appointed by the gov. & they banned town meetings
3. Allowed the gov. to transfer trials of British soldiers & officials to England to protect them from American juries
4. Local officials provide lodging for British soldiers

33

What are the four parts of the Constitution and what do they mean?

1. Preamble - explains why the Continental Congress drew up the Declaration
2. Natural Rights - ppl have certain basic rights & gov't should protect those rights.
3. List of Grievances - lists the complaints against British gov't
4. Resolution of Independence - declares that the colonists are "free & independent states" with the full power to make war, form alliances, & trade w/ other countries

34

When the colonists refused to buy British goods until Parliament repealed the Stamp Act

Nonimportation Agreement

35

Taxes on imports and exports

Custom duties

36

Name two of the three men that warned the people that the British were coming

Paul Revere, Willian Dawes, (Samuel Prescott)

37

The Battle of Bunker Hill was actually fought on...

Breed's Hill

38

Many backcountry farmers regarded the king as their protector against the _______ and ________ who controlled the local governments

Planters; merchants

39

The Second Continental Congress "adopted" the militia army and named it the _________________. The head was ________________.

Continental Army; George Washington

40

King George issued the __________________ in which he stated that the colonies were now "open and avowed enemies"

Proclamation for Suppressing Rebellion & Sedition

41

Gov. Dunmore of Virginia proclaimed that _______________ would be freed if they fought for the Loyalists

Africans enslaved by rebels

42

The defeat of the British troops at ______________ by the French and Native Americans inspired the _________ people of western Pennsylvania to attack British settlers in their territory

Fort Duquesne; Deleware

43

____________ wanted to stop American merchants from smuggling goods in and out of America without paying ____________

George Grenville; custom duties

44

The _________ changed the tax rates for raw sugar and molasses imported from foreign colonies

Sugar Act

45

In May 1769, Virginia's House of Burgesses passed the ___________, stating that only the House had the right to tax Virginians

Virginia Resolves

46

How many ppl signed the Declaration of Independence

56

47

Turning point in the French and Indian war in N.A.

The British victory at Quebec

48

Forced the colonists to pay for their own defense

Quartering Act

49

The __________ proposed that the colonies unite to form a federal gov't

Albany Plan of Union

50

Why did Spain give up Florida

To get Cuba and the Philippines back

51

Founder of the Sons of Liberty

Issac Sears

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