Flashcards in Word List 31 Deck (91):
to give an account of; tell
e.g. We listened eagerly as she related the whole exciting story.
to send into exile; banish
e.g. The bill has been relegated to committee for discussion.
Courtiers and generals who incurred the emperor's disfavor were soon relegated to the farther reaches of the empire.
to become less severe, harsh, or strict usually from reasons of humanity
to cease resistance; give in
let up, slacken
e.g. Our application was initially refused, but the city relented in the end and the permit was issued.
characteristic flavor; especially, pleasing or zestful flavor
a strong liking; inclination
to be pleased or gratified by; enjoy
to appreciated with taste and discernment
e.g. He took particular relish in pointing out my error.
I relish traveling to new places.
to indulge in reminiscence
e.g. He reminisced about his time in Europe.
negligent in the performance of work or duty; careless
showing neglect or inattention; lax
e.g. I would be remiss if I didn't tell you how much I appreciated the lovely gift.
providing remuneration; profitable
e.g. investors seeking more remunerative opportunities
a highly remunerative investment that ended up paying for my college tuition
to remove from place by violence; wrest
to split or tear apart in pieces by violence
to lacerate mentally or emotionally
e.g. mourners rending their clothes in grief
to transmit to another; deliver
give up, yield
to give in return or retribution
to cause to be or become
to reproduce or represent by artistic or verbal means
to direct the execution of; administer
e.g. enough rainfall to render irrigation unnecessary
documents rendered in the original French
render a salute / render justice
an act or instance of performing, rendition, or depiction, as of a dramatic or musical part
e.g. her rendering of the part of Hedda
Chapman's rendering of Homer
a deserter from one faith, cause, or allegiance to another
an individual who rejects lawful or conventional behavior
e.g. stories about pirates and renegades on the high sea
to go back on a promise or commitment
e.g. They had promised to pay her tuition but later reneged.
to give up, refuse, or resign usually by formal declaration
to refuse to follow, obey, or recognize any further; repudiate
e.g. Many of his former supporters have renounced him.
renounce the authority of the church
a state of being widely acclaimed and highly honored; fame
e.g. Her photographs have earned her international renown.
an opening made by or as if by rending
a split in a party or organized group; schism
an act or instance of rending
a quick and witty reply; a succession or interchange of clever retorts; amusing and usually light sparring with words
adroitness and cleverness in reply; skill in repartee
e.g. The repartee to the reporter's question drew laughs from the bystanders.
(transitive) to restore or return to the country of origin, allegiance, or citizenship
e.g. Countries are required to repatriate prisoners of war when conflict has ended.
an action or effect given or exerted in return; a reciprocal action or effect
a widespread, indirect, or unforeseen effect of an act, action, or even (oft. pl.)
e.g. Your decision not to go to college will have repurcissions you'll feel for years to come.
a place where something may be found; repository
a company that presents several different plays alternately in the course of a season at one theater
production of plays by a repertory company
e.g. She acted in repertory for many years.
to be fretfully discontented; fret, complain
e.g. There is no using repining over a love that's been long lost.
to fill with persons or animals; stock
to fill with inspiration or power; nourish
to fill or build up again
to make good; replace
e.g. An efficient staff of workers replenished the trays of appetizers almost as quickly as gusts emptied them.
fully or abundantly provided or filled
e.g. a book replete with delicious details
of or relating to a reporter
of, noting, or characteristic of a report
e.g. His lectures are more reportorial than analytical.
to voice disapproval of; censure
e.g. Without exception, book reviewers reprehend the novel's tired plot.
worthy of or deserving reprehension; culpable
to delay the punishment of (as a condemned prisoner)
to give grief or deliverance to for a time
e.g. He was sentenced to death but then reprieved.
The library has been reprieved and will remain open for at least another year.
a severe or formal reproof
to reprove sharply or censure formally usually from a position of authority
e.g. reprimanded the summer intern for her constant tardiness
the act or instance in international law or resorting to force short of war in retaliation for damage or loss suffered
the regaining of something (as by recapture)
something (as a sum of money) given or paid in restitution (oft. pl.)
e.g. The allies threatened economic reprisal against the invading country.
The hostages were taken in reprisal for the bombing.
a recurrence, renewal, or resumption of an action
e.g. The team is hoping to avoid a reprise of last year's defeat.
an expression of rebuke or disapproval
e.g. Accusations and reproaches from both parties made it difficult to pursue discussions.
She cleared her throat as a way of a reproaching us for having our elbows on the table.
to condemn strongly as unworthy, unacceptable, or evil
to foreordain to damnation
to refuse to accept; reject
morally corrupt; depraved
e.g. Without hesitation she reprobated such an indecent idea.
a reprobate judge who could be bribed, and often with astonishing ease
criticism for a fault; rebuke
e.g. The fear of reproof prevented them from complaining.
to scold or correct usually gently or with kindly intent
to express disapproval of; censure
e.g. It is not for me to reprove popular taste.
a person who cannot be trusted or who is not likable
e.g. a reptilian villain
to refuse to have anything to do with; disown
to reject as untrue or unjust
to refuse to acknowledge
e.g. a generation that has repudiated the values of the past
repudiate a charge / repudiate a debt
exciting distaste or aversion
e.g. graffiti that featured absolutely repugnant racial slurs
A bylaw must not be repugnant to the general law of the country.
to drive or beat back; repel
to cause repulsion
the action of repelling an attack
e.g. I was repulsed by the movie's violence.
The waiter's incredibly rude repulse of our polite request for a better prompted us to walk out.
the character or status commonly ascribed to one; reputation
the state of being favorably known, spoken of, or esteemed
e.g. a person reputed to be a billionaire
a shop with good repute
e.g. This new CD is the requisite album of the year for classical music lovers.
to make return for; repay
to make retaliation for; avenge
to make suitable return to for a benefit or service or for an injury
e.g. The company requited the employee who had fallen on the ice while leaving work by promptly paying all his medical bills, hoping that would stave off a lawsuit.
The future writer would later requite the abuse he suffered at the hands of his classmates by creating scathing portraits of them in his novels.
to take away; remove
take back, cancel
e.g. The navy rescinded its ban on women sailors.
refuse to rescind the offer
e.g. The judge ruled that the town's rescission of the contract was justified due the contractor's repeated failures to meet its obligations.
to dwell permanently or continuous; occupy a place as one's domicile
to be present as an element or quality
to be vested as a right
e.g. Meaning resides within the text of the poem.
an act or instance of resigning something; surrender
the quality or state of being resigned; submissiveness
e.g. meet his fate with resignation
e.g. resigned to his fate
capable of withstanding shock without permanent deformation or rupture
tending to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune or change
e.g. a resilient economy
continuing to sound; echoing
capable of inducing resonance
intensified and enriched by or as if by resonance
e.g. the resonant tones of the piano
words resonant with meaning
to become filled with sound; reverberate
to sound loudly; to produce a sonorous or echoing sound
to become renowned
to extol loudly or widely; celebrate
e.g. The organ resounded throughout the church.
His speech resounded throughout the world.
able to meet situations; capable of devising ways and means
a period of temporary delay
an interval of rest or relief
to grant a temporary period of relief; grant respite to
put off; delay
e.g. The bad weather has continued without respite.
shining brilliantly; characterized by a glowing splendor
e.g. meadows resplendent with flowers
The house was deserted, just a melancholy wreckage of a vanished and resplendent time.
one who maintains a thesis in reply
one who answers in various legal proceedings
a person who responds to a poll
a restoration of something to its rightful owner
a making good of or giving an equivalent for some injury
a legal action serving to cause restoration of a previous state
e.g. the restitution of her stolen property
make restitution to the victim
stubbornly resisting control; balky
marked by impatience or uneasiness; fidgety
e.g. The restive horse threw its head and refused to move when the rider urged it forward.
spend a restive night worrying about the exam
to revive from apparent death or from unconsciousness; also, revitalize
e.g. She hopes to resuscitate the currently defunct charity.
a person attached or owing service to a household; especially, servant
to repay (as an injury) in kind
to return like for like; especially, to get revenge
e.g. After the company announced plans to reduce benefits, the union threatened to retaliate by calling for a strike.
to slow up especially by preventing or hindering advance or accomplishment; impede
e.g. The problems have retarded the progress of the program.
inclined to be silent or uncommunicative in speech; reserved
restrained in expression, presentation, or appearance
e.g. The panel decided to investigate the fraud charges against the company, which has always been reticent about its internal operations.
Her husband is by nature a reticent person, and she resigned herself to that fact long ago.
a group of retainers or attendants
e.g. the king and his retinue
e.g. One retiring girl was sitting alone quietly in a corner during the party.
to pay or hurl back; return
to make a reply to; to answer by a counter argument
to answer back usually sharply
a quick, witty, or cutting reply
to rework in order to improve; touch up
to alter to produce a more desirable appearance
e.g. The photo had been retouched to remove the wrinkles of his eyes.
cut down, reduce
to cut out; excise
to pare away; remove
to make retrenchment; specifically, economize
e.g. When the economy slowed, the company was forced to retrench.
the dispensing or receiving of reward or punishment especially in the hereafter
something given or exacted in recompense; especially, punishment
e.g. without fear of retribution
The neighborhood is being torn apart by an endless cycle of gang violence and retribution.
to remedy the evil consequences of; correct
e.g. to retrieve an error
His writings retrieves the past.
to take part in a revel; carouse
to take intense pleasure or satisfaction
a usually wild party or celebration
e.g. reveled in the quiet after everyone had gone
The holiday ushers in a nationwide revel as the Finns celebrate the endless hours of sunlight.
noisy partying or merrymaking
e.g. The lottery winner was exhausted after a long night of revelry.
one that returns after death or a long absence
to continue in or as if in a series of echoes; resound
e.g. The sound of thunder reverberated from one end of the mountain pass to the other.
an historic event that still reverberates today
to say or do something jokingly or mockingly
a make mocking fun of
e.g. The characters in his plays jape with a readiness and sophistication that is rarely, if ever, encountered in real life.
By the standards of today's no-holds-barred satire, his homespun japes about politician seem awfully.
the condition of being lost in thought
e.g. I was lost in reverie and didn't realize my flight was boarding until it was almost too late.
to subject to verbal abuse; vituperate
e.g. Many people reviled him for his callous behavior.
to return to a former habit, practice, belief, condition, etc.
to go back in thought or discussion
e.g. They reverted to the ways of their ancestors.
He constantly reverted to his childhood.
to renounce allegiance or subjection; rebel
to experience disgust or shock
e.g. revolt against the present government
revolt at the sight of blood
a theatrical production consisting typically of briefly loosely connected often often satirical skits, songs, and dances (usually about current events)
the art of speaking or writing effectively
insincere or grandiloquent language
e.g. The mayor's promise to right drugs was just rhetoric, since there was no money in the city budget for a drug program.
a small stone that is made to look like a diamond and that is used in jewelry or for decoration
a plant with large green leaves and with thick pink or red stems that are cooked and used in pies, jams
a heated dispute or controversy
e.g. a basketball coach whose ranting rhubarbs with officials are the stuff of legend
a ribald person
characterized by or using coarse indecent humor
e.g. Some of the movie's most ribald, and thus funniest, scenes were cut for showing on broadcast television.
a ribald tale rife with double entendres and racy innuendo
e.g. There's a ribaldry in the works of Chaucer that generations of students of English literature have heartily enjoyed.
lacking stability or firmness; shaky
in unsound physical condition
e.g. a rickety coalition
an addition to a document
something used to overlie another or to move along on another piece
e.g. Congress added a rider to the health insurance bill.
prevalent especially to an increasing degree
copiously supplied; abounding (oft. used with with)
e.g. Speculation about who would be fired ran rife for weeks.
a city government rife with malfeasance and corruption
to ransack especially with the intent to steal
to steal and carry away
e.g. She rifled through the cassette tapes.
The lieutenant's servant rifled the dead man's possessions.
a clear space or interval
e.g. The fight will only widen the rift with his brothers.
We could see some stars through the rifts in the clouds.
to put in condition or position for use; adjust, arrange
to manipulate or control usually by deceptive or dishonest means
e.g. a car rigged for manual control
rig up a temporary shelter
rig an election / rig the contest
to make agitated and angry; upset
to stir up; disturb, disorder, roil
e.g. One sure way to rile me is to keep yelling at me.
a usually hard or tough outer layer; peel, crust
e.g. the rind of a cheese