Flashcards in Word List 38 Deck (73):
not knowing; unaware
not intended; inadvertent
e.g. kept truth from his unwitting friends
an unwitting mistake
being out of the ordinary; rare, unusual
not accustomed by experienced
e.g. surprised by her unwonted cheerfulness
honored for the unwonted courage
to criticize severely; find fault with
to reproach severely; scold vehemontly
e.g. His wife upbraided him for his irresponsible handling of the family finances.
extreme agitation or disorder; radical change
e.g. The civil rights movement marked a period of social upheaval in the U.S.
the emotional upheaval of divorce
very noisy or high-spirited
e.g. The movie follows the comic duo through a series of outrageous and uproarious escapades.
a chaotic, uproarious set
to draw attention away from
e.g. My apple pie upstaged her chocolate cake.
an upward swing
a marked increase or improvement
e.g. a dramatic upswing of profits
on the upswing
to seize and hold in possession by force or without right
to take or make use of without right
e.g. usurp a throne
usurped the rights to her life story
must not left stock responses based on inherited prejudice usurp careful judgment
the practice of lending money and requiring the borrower to pay a high amount of interest
to away through lack of equilibrium
to waver in mind, will, or feeling; hesitate in choice of opinions or courses
e.g. vacillate on this issue for so long that someone else stepped in and made the decision
emptied of or lacking content
marked by lack of ideas or intelligence; stupid, inane
devoid of serious occupation; idle
e.g. a dull and vacuous movie
a vacuous expression on his face
an unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone's behavior
e.g. the vagaries of a rather eccentric elderly lady
the vagaries of the weather
wandering about from place to place
having a fleeting, wayward, or inconstant quality
e.g. a vagrant breeze
a vagrant impulse
an act of bidding farewell
possessing or acting with bravery or boldness; courageous
marked by, exhibiting, or carried out with courage or determination; heroic
strength of mind or spirit that enables a person to encounter danger with firmness; personal bravery
to overcome in battle; subdue completely
to gain mastery over (an emotion, passion, or temptation)
e.g. vanquished nation after nation in his relentless conquest of Europe
vanquish your fear
superiority in a contest
a position giving a strategic advantage, commanding perspective, or comprehensive view
e.g. The vantage had all been ours for the first half of the contest.
lacking liveliness, tang, briskness, or force; flat, dull
e.g. a song with vapid lyrics
to diversify in external appearance especially with different colors; dapple
to enliven or give interest to by means of variety
e.g. Their clothes they variegate by steeping them in dyes, which produce a color not easily effaced.
a liquid preparation that when applied to a surface dries to form a hard lustrous typically transparent coating
to apply varnish to
to cover or conceal (as something unpleasant) with something that gives an attractive appearance; gloss
e.g. The play has a varnish of witty dialogue.
He hoped by cunning to varnish over his want of faith and of ability.
to change direction or course
e.g. The economy veered sharply downward.
capable of being bought or obtained for money or other valuable consideration; purchasable; especially, open to corrupt influence and especially bribery; mercenary
e.g. a venal and easily bought judge
a venal arrangement with a police
an often prolonged series of retaliatory, vengeful, or hostile acts or exchange of such acts
e.g. waged a vendetta against against those who opposed his nomination
a thin sheet of covering material
a superficial or deceptively attractive appearance, display or effect; facade, gloss
e.g. a cruel person with a veneer of kindness
of a kind that can be remitted; forgivable, pardonable; also, meriting no particular censure or notice; excusable
e.g. Taking the restaurant's menu as a souvenir seems like a venial offense.
marked by truth; accurate
a profusion of words usually of little or obscure content
manner of expressing oneself in words; diction
e.g. such a tangled maze of evasive verbiage as a typical party platform
removed some of the excess verbiage from the article
containing more words than necessary; wordy
given to wordiness
e.g. a verbose reply / a verbose style
green in tint or color
unripe in experience or judgment; green
e.g. a verdant oasis/lawn
verdant college freshman
the decision made by a jury in a trial
e.g. The jury reached a guilty verdict.
Do you want my verdict on the meal?
having the appearance of truth; probable
of, relating to, or being a language or dialect native a region or country rather than a literary, cultured, or foreign language
of, relating to, or characteristic of a period, place, or group
e.g. the vernacular architecture of the region
write essays in a very easy-to-read, vernacular style
the spirit and enthusiasm animating artistic composition or performance; vivacity
a trace, mark, or visible sign left by something vanished or lost
the smallest quantity or trace
e.g. A few strange words carved on a tree were the only vestige of the lost colony Roanoke.
the fossilized vestige of a dinosaur
an outer garment; especially, a robe of ceremony or office
to bring trouble, distress, or agitation to
e.g. a restaurant vexed by slow service
vexed by headache all morning
a problem to vex the keenest wit
a long elevated roadway usually consisting of a series of short spans supported on arches, piers, or columns
one serving as a substitute or agent; specifically, an administrative deputy
an ecclesiastical agent
e.g. God's vicar on earth
serving instead of someone or something else
e.g. vicarious authority
a vicarious sacrifice / a vicarious thrill
a change or variation occurring in the course of something
(pl.) successive, alternating, or changing phases or conditions; ups and downs
e.g. the vicissitude of seasons and human fortunes
They remained friends through the vicissitudes of 40 years.
to strive for superiority; contend, compete
e.g. vying to win the championship
vied with his colleagues for the coveted promotion
to lower in estimation or importance
to utter slanderous and abusive statements against; defame
e.g. It remains a moral crime to vilify the good cops who have made the city safe, saving thousands of lives.
to free from allegation or blame
confirm, substantiate; justify
to maintain a right to
e.g. These discoveries vindicate their theory.
vindicate someone's honor
disposed to seek revenge; vengeful
intended to cause anguish or hurt; spiteful
e.g. a vindictive person / vindictive rumors
a wine merchant
a person who makes wine
great technical skill (as in the practice of a fine art)
morally excellent; righteous
marked by a rapid, severe, and destructive course
extremely poisonous or venomous
e.g. a virulent infection / virulent bacteria
virulent racists / virulent criticism
a distant view through or along an avenue or opening; aspect
an extensive mental view (as over a stretch of time or a series of events)
e.g. a gorgeous vista of the mountains from the front window
a vista of the future
to make faulty or defective; impair
to debase in moral or aesthetic status
to make ineffective
e.g. The comic impact is vitiated by obvious haste.
a mind vitiated by prejudice
Fraud vitiates a contract.
to convert into glass or a glassy substance by heat and fusion
very caustic, scathing
to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate
e.g. Literature and the pulpit were inevitably the interpreters that she employed to vituperate the sins of the people.
lively in temper, conduct, or spirit; sprightly
e.g. an outgoing, vivacious girl
a vivacious expression love
an entry into the priesthood or a religious order
a divine call to the religious life
e.g. people who follow a religious vocation
He never felt a real sense of vocation.
an act of making a choice or decision; also, a choice or decision made
the power of choosing or determining; will
e.g. She's here of her own volition.
a burst or emission of many things or a large amount at once
e.g. hit by a volley of bullets
a volley of questions
easily rolling or turning; rotating
characterized by ready or rapid speech; glib, fluent
consisting of many folds, coils, or convolutions; winding
large, full; numerous
writing or speaking much or at great length
e.g. the building's high ceilings and voluminous spaces
trying to keep track of voluminous slips of paper
a voluminous literature on the subject
a writer of voluminous output
a voluminous correspondent
full of delight or pleasure to senses
suggesting sensual pleasure
e.g. voluptuous ornamentation / a voluptuous wine
a voluptuous dance
the voluptuous richness of the music
a person whose chief interests are luxury and the gratification of sensual appetites
e.g. a fin de siecle novel about dandies and voluptuaries
having a huge appetite; ravenous
excessively eager; insatiable
e.g. a voracious reader
devotee; a devoted admirer
e.g. a votary of the religious leader
to move clumsily
e.g A fat goose waddled across the yard.
to talk or write foolishly; blather
e.g. She waffled when asked what she thought of her sister's new boyfriend.
waffle tiresomely off the point
to move or go lightly on or as if on a buoyant medium
e.g. The smell of chicken soup wafted up to my bedroom.
The sound of music wafted softly into the yard from our neighbor's house.
A breeze wafted the scent of roses toward our table.
to be in motion; stir
to move in chatter or gossip
e.g. a dog wagging its tail
Scandal caused tongues to wag.
silly and playful
e.g. waggish spoof s of popular songs
suggesting of poor health; sickly, pale
lacking vitality; feeble
e.g. a wan smile/laugh
look a little wan after all that tiring work
strong longing for or impulse toward wandering
a strong desire to travel
e.g. Wanderlust has led him to many different parts of the world.
to decrease in size, extent, or degree; dwindle
to fall gradually from power, prosperity, or influence
e.g. The moon waxes and wanes.
The scandal caused her popularity to wane.