Word List 44 Flashcards Preview

GRE Vocabulary > Word List 44 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Word List 44 Deck (71):
1

helm

the entire apparatus for steering a ship
a position of control; head
steer
direct, control

e.g. a new dean at the helm of the medical school
The director has helmed many action movies.

2

helot

serf, slave

3

helve

a handle of a tool or weapon; haft

e.g. The head of the ax was crudely lashed to a wooden helve.

4

henpeck

to subject (one's husband) to persistent nagging and domination

e.g. Neighbors say she henpecked him into giving up golf and selling his clubs.

5

herald

an official messenger in the past
one that precedes or foreshadows
to give notice of; announce
to greet especially with enthusiasm; hail

e.g. The early flowers are heralds of spring.
Rain heralds the arrival of spring.
doctors heralding a new drug

6

heyday

the period of one's greatest popularity, vigor, or prosperity

e.g. In its heyday, the circus was a major form of entertainment for small-town America.

7

hilt

a handle especially of a sword or dagger
(to the hilt: completely)

e.g. play the role to the hilt

8

hinterland

a region lying inland from a coast
a region remote from urban areas

e.g. The colonies hugged the coastline, while the hinterland remained largely unexplored.

9

hobble

to limp along
fetter; hamper, impede

e.g. hobble across the room
hobbled by self-doubt

10

holocaust

a thorough destruction involving extensive loss of life
a mass slaughter of people; especially, genocide

e.g. a nuclear holocaust

11

holograph

a document wholly in the handwriting of its author; also, the handwriting itself

12

homely

suggestive or characteristic of a home
unaffectedly natural; simple
not elaborate or complex
plain or unattractive in appearance

e.g. the homely appeal of farm life
a homely face

13

homily

a usually short sermon
a lecture or discourse on or of a moral theme
an inspirational catchphrase; also, platitude

e.g. a brief homily on forgiveness

14

horology

the science of measuring time
the art of making instruments for indicating time

15

howler

one that howls
a humorous and ridiculous blunder

16

hubbub

noise, uproar
confusion, turmoil

e.g. go to the country to escape the hubbub of the city
all the hubbub surrounding the film star

17

idolatry

the worship of a physical object as a god
immoderate attachment or devotion to something

e.g. Her idolatry of her favorite rock star is one step removed from stalking.

18

illiberal

not requiring the background of a liberal arts education
not broad-minded; bigoted
opposed to liberalism

e.g. an illiberal society that viewed any artistic depiction of the nude as inherent indecent

19

illustrious

notably or brilliantly outstanding because of dignity or achievement or actions; eminent

e.g. an illustrious military career
an illustrious physicist who is a sure bet for a Nobel

20

imprecate

to invoke evil on; curse

e.g. With her dying breath the witch imprecated the villagers for their relentless persecution of her.

21

imputation

attribution, ascription
accusation
insinuation

e.g. deny any imputation of unfairness

22

impute

to lay the responsibility or blame for often falsely or unjustly
to credit to a person or a cause; attribute

e.g. People often impute his silence to unfriendliness and not to the shyness it really represents.

23

incrustation

a crust or hard coating
a growth or accumulation

24

indite

make up, compose
to put down in writing

e.g. indite a poem/message

25

inexpedient

not expedient; inadvisable

e.g. a nutritionally dubious, inexpedient method for losing weight

26

inexpiable

not capable of being atoned for

e.g. Apparently, the gubernatorial candidate is guilty of the inexpiable sin of speaking out too openly and honestly about the state's financial woes.

27

infatuate

to cause to be foolish; deprive of sound judgement
to inspire with a foolish or extravagant love or admiration

28

ingress

entrance
the power or liberty of entrance or access

e.g. a seal preventing ingress of moisture
an area with restricted ingress

29

insolation

exposure to the sun's rays
sunstroke
solar radiation that has been received

30

insouciance

lighthearted unconcern; nonchalance

e.g. wandered into the meeting with complete insouciance to the fact the she was late

31

insuperable

incapable of being surmounted, overcome, passed over, or solved

e.g. insuperable financial difficulties

32

interlocutor

one who takes part in dialogue or conversation

33

interlope

to encroach on the rights (as in trade) of others
intrude, interfere

e.g. regarded the new couple as a pair of interloping parvenus who were sure to upset the town's social hierarchy

34

interstice

a space that intervenes between things
a gap or break in something generally continuous
a short space of time between events

e.g. interstices of a wall
passages of genuine literary merit in the interstices of the ludicrous plots
There's occasional interstice in the tedium, but most of the novel is boring.

35

intestate

having made no valid will
not disposed of by will

e.g. died intestate
an intestate estate

36

intumescence

a swollen or enlarged part of a plant or animal; also, the process of swelling up or enlarging

37

investiture

the act of establishing in office or ratifying
something that covers or adorns

e.g. the investiture of a new member of parliament

38

invigilate

to keep watch; especially, to supervise students at an examination
supervise, monitor

39

irradiate

illuminate; enlighten
to emit like rays of light; radiate

e.g. food irradiated to kill any germs
irradiating strength and comfort

40

jamboree

a noisy or unrestrained carouse

41

juncture

joint, connection
a point of time; especially, one made critical by a concurrence of circumstances

e.g. Negotiations between the countries reached a critical juncture.

42

jurisprudence

the study of law

43

lackey

footman, servant
a servile follower; toady

e.g. He was nothing but a spineless lackey of the establishment.

44

laggard

lagging or tending to lag; dilatory

e.g. I hate being stuck behind laggard motorists on the freeway.

45

lapidary

a cutter, polisher, or engraver of precious stones usually other than diamonds
having the elegance and precision associated with lapidary

e.g. a stanza with a lapidary dignity

46

leeward

the side that is sheltered from the wind
being in or facing the direction toward which the wind is blowing; also, being the side opposite the windward

47

lesion

injury, harm
an abnormal change in structure of an organ or part due to injury or disease

48

lexical

of or relating to words or the vocabulary of a language as distinguished from its grammar and construction
of or relating to a lexicon or to lexicography

e.g. lexical information - what a word means

49

libido

sexual drive

50

licit

conforming to the requirements of the law; permissible

e.g. Law enforcement agencies are demanding stricter regulation of the sale of licit medications that can later be used to in the home manufacture of illicit drugs.

51

ligature

something that is used to bind; specifically, a filament used in surgery

e.g. a ligature around the tube to keep it in place
A common language is often the ligature that unites the people of a nation.

52

limbo

a place or state of restraint or confinement
a place or state of neglect or oblivion
an intermediate or transition place or state

e.g. proposals kept in limbo

53

lineament

an outline, feature, or contour of a body or figure and especially of a face (oft. pl.)
a distinguishing or characteristic feature (oft. pl.)

e.g. His fine lineaments made him the very image of his father.
the lineaments of sincere repentance

54

littoral

of, relating to, or situated or growing on or near a shore especially of the sea

e.g. Littoral warfares includes amphibious landings.

55

loam

a type of soil good for growing plants

56

logjam

deadlock, impasse
blockage
jam, crowd

e.g. try to break the logjam in the negotiations
The presence of an ambulance on the side of the highway created a logjam of rubbernecks who just had to have to a look.

57

lore

knowledge gained through study or experience
traditional knowledge or belief

58

lout

an awkward brutish person

59

lubricious

marked by wantonness; lecherous; also, salacious
having a smooth or slippery quality

e.g. back in the days when lubricious employers could, with impunity, take advantage of naive factory girls
a lubricious skin

60

lucre

monetary gain; profit

61

luscious

having a delicious taste or smell; sweet
sexually attractive; seductive, sexy

62

lusty

full of strength and energy

e.g. a young, lusty, growing country
a lusty spirit of adventure

63

lynch

to put to death by mob action without legal sanction

64

mackintosh

raincoat
a lightweight waterproof fabric originally of rubberized cotton

65

maestro

a master usually in art; especially, an eminent composer, conductor, or teacher of music

66

magniloquent

speaking in or characterized by a high-flown often bombastic style or manner

e.g. magniloquent boasts

67

malefactor

one who commits an offense against the law; especially, felon
one who does ill toward another

68

malodor

an offensive odor

69

manacle

handcuff
something used as a restraint

e.g. The warring groups need to shake off the manacle of their troubled past and learn to live with one another in peace.

70

mangy

(of an animal) having a skin disease that causes itching and loss of hair; suffering from mange
having many worn or bare spots
seedy, shabby

e.g. a mangy old car covered in rust

71

maraud

to roam about and raid in search of plunder
raid, pillage

e.g. Just for kicks, bored teenagers marauded neighborhood houses while their owners were away.