Flashcards in Word List 45 Deck (67):
the inmost, best, or essential part; core
e.g. Personal liberty is the marrow of the American tradition.
a bullfighter who has the principal role and who kills the bull in a bullfight
a general truth, fundamental principle, or rule of conduct
a proverbial saying
needless or willful damage or violence
e.g. movies filled with murder and mayhem
a mania for great or grandiose performance
a delusional mental disorder that is marked by feelings of personal omnipotence and grandeur
e.g. an arrogance that borders on megalomania
hypnotic induction held to involve animal magnetism; broadly, hypnotism
a vaporous exhalation formerly believed to cause disease; also, a heavy vaporous emanation or atmosphere
an influence or atmosphere that tends to deplete or corrupt
e.g. a miasma of tobacco smoke
In the age of monarchy, the king lived surrounded by a miasma of intrigue.
air or bearing especially as expressive of attitude or personality; demeanor
e.g. of aristocratic mien
the stern mien of the librarian
a written communication; letter
e.g. missives filled with good-natured teasing and mock insults
a strong cold dry northerly wind of southern France
a learned treatise on a small area of learning; also, a written account of a single thing
e.g. a series of monographs on music in late medieval and Renaissance cities
a broad area of open land that is not good for farming
e.g. a mysterious figure who was said to have haunted the moors of southwest England
to give oneself up to brooding; become listless or dejected
to move slowly or aimlessly; dawdle
a situation that traps, confuses, or impedes
e.g. He advised against becoming involved in that country's civil war, warning that escape from that morass might prove nigh impossible.
a person who sells quack medicines from a platform
a boastful unscrupulous pretender; charlatan
being warm, damp, and close
e.g. a muggy day in August
to punish by a fine
to defraud especially of money; swindle
to obtain by fraud, duress or theft
e.g. The loan shark usually imposed a mulct of an additional 20% on overdue payments.
try to mulct the insurance company for an accident that never happened
having or occurring in great variety; diverse
e.g. the multifarious interests and activities in which Benjamin Franklin immersed himself
(oft. pl.) the evidence that enables one to defend the title to an estate or a claim to rights and privileges
deficient in brightness; dull, gloomy
lacking in clarity and precision
muddled or confused in mind
e.g. In an attempt to be all things to all people, the candidate offered to the voters an intentionally muzzy campaign message.
the action or art of swimming
e.g. all the dreaded, necessitous decisions that one must make when arranging the funeral of a loved on
Amidst the holiday feasting, merrymaking and spending, it was easy to overlook the necessitous members of the community.
cemetery; especially, a large elaborate cemetery of an ancient city
e.g. an ancient necropolis that has given archaeologists valuable insights into how people once lived and died
the drink of the Greek and Roman gods
something delicious to drink
a beverage of fruit juice and pulp
a newborn child
a young bird that has not left the nest
farthest down; lowest
petty; also, bothersome or persistent especially in a petty or tiresome way
e.g. niggling injuries
only niggling differences between the original Broadway musical and the film version that followed
e.g. waking up to the nipping air of the morning
a person or thing without an equal
having no equal
e.g. the nonpareil beauty of Helen of Troy
Elvis was the nonpareil of early American Rock and Roll.
a loop with a slipknot that binds closer the more it is drawn
something that snares like a noose
e.g. A confirmed bachelor, he vows never to get caught in the noose of matrimony.
e.g. poetry filled with a numinous beauty
the study or collection of coins, tokens, and paper money and sometimes related objects (as medals)
of or relating to marriage or the marriage ceremony
characteristic of or occurring in the breeding season
e.g. newlyweds still in a state of nuptial bliss
a long pole with a broad blade at one end used for propelling or steeling a boat
to progress by or as if by using oars
e.g. Since the wind had completely died, they had to oar the sailboat back to shore.
the act of making a religious offering
something offered in worship or devotion
a rule governing members of a religious order
an act or instance or instance of following a custom, rule, or law
e.g. the observance of the family tradition
to thrust out, extrude
to force or impose (as oneself or one's ideas) without warrant or request
e.g. The historical details in the movie do not obtrude - they enhance the story by making it more realistic.
obtrude in other people's affairs
of, relating to, or situated in the Occident; western
of or relating to the eye
e.g. ocular inspection/diseases/muscles
something left over; remnant
(pl.) odds and ends
something odd; oddity
e.g. The fabric store sells oddments left over from cutting.
One of those medical oddments has perplexed and intrigued generations of medical historians.
yielding an odor; odorous
e.g. odoriferous legislation
an especially fierce attack
a vigorous onset
e.g. The massive onslaught of enemy troops caught the country by surprise.
an onslaught of technological changes
burden; a disagreeable necessity; obligation
e.g. hoping to avoid the onus of failure by lowering expectations ahead of time
shift the onus for any mistakes onto other members
a drug tending to induce sleep and alleviate pain
something that induces rest or inaction or quiets uneasiness
e.g. television as an opiate of the masses
work; especially, a musical composition or set of compositions usually numbered in the order of its issue
e.g. The composer's final opus was performed posthumously to great acclaim.
of an oracle
marked by fullness, strength, and clarity of sound; sonorous
e.g. The tenor's orotund voice was just what this soaring aria needs.
an orotund speech
producing no useful result; futile
being at leisure; idle
lacking use or effect; functionless
e.g. a director with little patience for overweening actors who think they are above taking advice and criticism
overweening desire for wealth and fame
persuasive talk; flattery; cajolery
to talk profusely or idly
e.g. the seemingly endless palaver between the negotiating parties
mothers palavering while watching the children play
I let the salesclerk at the electronics store palaver me into a service contract that I didn't need.
to speak with another; confer; specifically, to discuss terms with an enemy
e.g. In an effort to win the goodwill of the locals, the developers parleyed with them before finalizing plans for the massive mall.
full of danger or risk
e.g. a parlous financial situation
of or relating to a parish
confined or restricted as if within the borders of a parish; limited in range or scope; provincial, narrow
e.g. voters worried about their own parochial concerns
pale and sick
e.g. peculate from the public money
e.g. make good pecuniary sense
The judge recused himself from the case because he had a pecuniary interest in the company that was being sued.
to travel about with wares for sale; broadly, sell
to be busy with trifles
e.g. They peddled fruits and vegetables out of their truck on the side of the road.
He peddled his idea for a new movie.
peddle innocence to reporters
a space of partial illumination
something that covers, surrounds, or obscures; shroud
e.g. a penumbra of despair fell over the doomed city
relating to or promoting digestion; digestive
to be diffused through; penetrate
to ooze or trickle through a permeable substance; seep
e.g. allow the sunlight to percolate into our rooms
rumors percolating throughout the town
The feud had been percolating for a long time
the point nearest the earth's center in the orbit of the moon of a satellite
use of a longer phrasing in place of a possible shorter form of expression
e.g. Congressional hearings into the Watergate scandal were marked by an orgy of periphrasis.