Word List 45 Flashcards Preview

GRE Vocabulary > Word List 45 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Word List 45 Deck (67):
1

marrow

the inmost, best, or essential part; core

e.g. Personal liberty is the marrow of the American tradition.

2

matador

a bullfighter who has the principal role and who kills the bull in a bullfight

3

maxim

a general truth, fundamental principle, or rule of conduct
a proverbial saying

4

mayhem

needless or willful damage or violence

e.g. movies filled with murder and mayhem

5

megalomania

a mania for great or grandiose performance
a delusional mental disorder that is marked by feelings of personal omnipotence and grandeur

e.g. an arrogance that borders on megalomania

6

mesmerism

hypnotic induction held to involve animal magnetism; broadly, hypnotism
hypnotic appeal

7

miasma

a vaporous exhalation formerly believed to cause disease; also, a heavy vaporous emanation or atmosphere
an influence or atmosphere that tends to deplete or corrupt

e.g. a miasma of tobacco smoke
In the age of monarchy, the king lived surrounded by a miasma of intrigue.

8

mien

air or bearing especially as expressive of attitude or personality; demeanor
appearance, aspect

e.g. of aristocratic mien
the stern mien of the librarian

9

missive

a written communication; letter

e.g. missives filled with good-natured teasing and mock insults

10

mistral

a strong cold dry northerly wind of southern France

11

monograph

a learned treatise on a small area of learning; also, a written account of a single thing

e.g. a series of monographs on music in late medieval and Renaissance cities

12

moor

a broad area of open land that is not good for farming

e.g. a mysterious figure who was said to have haunted the moors of southwest England

13

mope

to give oneself up to brooding; become listless or dejected
to move slowly or aimlessly; dawdle

14

morass

marsh, swamp
a situation that traps, confuses, or impedes

e.g. He advised against becoming involved in that country's civil war, warning that escape from that morass might prove nigh impossible.

15

mountebank

a person who sells quack medicines from a platform
a boastful unscrupulous pretender; charlatan

16

muggy

being warm, damp, and close

e.g. a muggy day in August

17

mulct

fine, penalty
to punish by a fine
to defraud especially of money; swindle
to obtain by fraud, duress or theft

e.g. The loan shark usually imposed a mulct of an additional 20% on overdue payments.
try to mulct the insurance company for an accident that never happened

18

multifarious

having or occurring in great variety; diverse

e.g. the multifarious interests and activities in which Benjamin Franklin immersed himself

19

muniment

(oft. pl.) the evidence that enables one to defend the title to an estate or a claim to rights and privileges

20

muzzy

deficient in brightness; dull, gloomy
lacking in clarity and precision
muddled or confused in mind

e.g. In an attempt to be all things to all people, the candidate offered to the voters an intentionally muzzy campaign message.

21

natation

the action or art of swimming

22

necessitous

needy, impoverished
urgent, pressing
necessary

e.g. all the dreaded, necessitous decisions that one must make when arranging the funeral of a loved on
Amidst the holiday feasting, merrymaking and spending, it was easy to overlook the necessitous members of the community.

23

necropolis

cemetery; especially, a large elaborate cemetery of an ancient city

e.g. an ancient necropolis that has given archaeologists valuable insights into how people once lived and died

24

nectar

the drink of the Greek and Roman gods
something delicious to drink
a beverage of fruit juice and pulp

25

neonate

a newborn child

26

nestling

a young bird that has not left the nest

27

nethermost

farthest down; lowest

28

niggling

petty; also, bothersome or persistent especially in a petty or tiresome way

e.g. niggling injuries
only niggling differences between the original Broadway musical and the film version that followed

29

nipping

sharp, chilling

e.g. waking up to the nipping air of the morning

30

nonesuch

a person or thing without an equal

31

nonpareil

having no equal
also

e.g. the nonpareil beauty of Helen of Troy
Elvis was the nonpareil of early American Rock and Roll.

32

noose

a loop with a slipknot that binds closer the more it is drawn
something that snares like a noose

e.g. A confirmed bachelor, he vows never to get caught in the noose of matrimony.

33

numinous

supernatural, mysterious
holy
spiritual

e.g. poetry filled with a numinous beauty

34

numismatics

the study or collection of coins, tokens, and paper money and sometimes related objects (as medals)

35

nuptial

of or relating to marriage or the marriage ceremony
characteristic of or occurring in the breeding season

e.g. newlyweds still in a state of nuptial bliss

36

nymph

girl

37

oar

a long pole with a broad blade at one end used for propelling or steeling a boat
to progress by or as if by using oars

e.g. Since the wind had completely died, they had to oar the sailboat back to shore.

38

oblation

the act of making a religious offering
something offered in worship or devotion

39

observance

a rule governing members of a religious order
an act or instance or instance of following a custom, rule, or law

e.g. the observance of the family tradition

40

obtrude

to thrust out, extrude
to force or impose (as oneself or one's ideas) without warrant or request

e.g. The historical details in the movie do not obtrude - they enhance the story by making it more realistic.
obtrude in other people's affairs

41

occidental

of, relating to, or situated in the Occident; western

42

ocular

of or relating to the eye

e.g. ocular inspection/diseases/muscles
ocular testimony

43

oddment

something left over; remnant
(pl.) odds and ends
something odd; oddity

e.g. The fabric store sells oddments left over from cutting.
One of those medical oddments has perplexed and intrigued generations of medical historians.

44

odoriferous

yielding an odor; odorous
morally offensive

e.g. odoriferous legislation

45

onslaught

an especially fierce attack
a vigorous onset

e.g. The massive onslaught of enemy troops caught the country by surprise.
an onslaught of technological changes

46

onus

burden; a disagreeable necessity; obligation
blame
stigma

e.g. hoping to avoid the onus of failure by lowering expectations ahead of time
shift the onus for any mistakes onto other members

47

opiate

a drug tending to induce sleep and alleviate pain
something that induces rest or inaction or quiets uneasiness

e.g. television as an opiate of the masses

48

opus

work; especially, a musical composition or set of compositions usually numbered in the order of its issue

e.g. The composer's final opus was performed posthumously to great acclaim.

49

oracular

of an oracle
obscure, enigmatic
portentous, ominous

50

orotund

marked by fullness, strength, and clarity of sound; sonorous
pompous, bombastic

e.g. The tenor's orotund voice was just what this soaring aria needs.
an orotund speech

51

otiose

producing no useful result; futile
being at leisure; idle
lacking use or effect; functionless

52

outfox

outsmart

53

overweening

arrogant, presumptuous
immoderate, exaggerated

e.g. a director with little patience for overweening actors who think they are above taking advice and criticism
overweening desire for wealth and fame

54

palaver

conference, discussion
idle talk
persuasive talk; flattery; cajolery
to talk profusely or idly
parley
cajole

e.g. the seemingly endless palaver between the negotiating parties
mothers palavering while watching the children play
I let the salesclerk at the electronics store palaver me into a service contract that I didn't need.

55

parley

to speak with another; confer; specifically, to discuss terms with an enemy

e.g. In an effort to win the goodwill of the locals, the developers parleyed with them before finalizing plans for the massive mall.

56

parlous

full of danger or risk

e.g. a parlous financial situation

57

parochial

of or relating to a parish
confined or restricted as if within the borders of a parish; limited in range or scope; provincial, narrow

e.g. voters worried about their own parochial concerns

58

peaky

pale and sick

59

peculate

embezzle

e.g. peculate from the public money

60

pecuniary

monetary, financial

e.g. make good pecuniary sense
The judge recused himself from the case because he had a pecuniary interest in the company that was being sued.

61

peddle

to travel about with wares for sale; broadly, sell
to be busy with trifles

e.g. They peddled fruits and vegetables out of their truck on the side of the road.
He peddled his idea for a new movie.
peddle innocence to reporters

62

penumbra

a space of partial illumination
something that covers, surrounds, or obscures; shroud

e.g. a penumbra of despair fell over the doomed city

63

peptic

relating to or promoting digestion; digestive
- pepsin

64

percolate

to be diffused through; penetrate
to ooze or trickle through a permeable substance; seep
simmer

e.g. allow the sunlight to percolate into our rooms
rumors percolating throughout the town
The feud had been percolating for a long time

65

perigee

the point nearest the earth's center in the orbit of the moon of a satellite

66

periphrasis

use of a longer phrasing in place of a possible shorter form of expression

e.g. Congressional hearings into the Watergate scandal were marked by an orgy of periphrasis.

67

persnickety

fussy about small details; fastidious
snobby
requiring great precision

e.g. a persnickety teacher
lacking the patience to deal with such persnickety tasks as hanging wallpaper