Flashcards in Word List 22 Deck (128)
to make young or youthful again; give new vigor to
to restore to an original or new state
e.g. Each candidate claims to have a plan to rejuvenate the sagging.
to place side by side
e.g. a display that juxtaposes modern art with classical art
a variegated changing pattern or scene
a succession of changing phases or actions
a diverse collection
e.g. a kaleidoscope of colors
a kaleidoscope of changing fashions
the range of vision
the range of perception, understanding, or knowledge
e.g. abstract words that are beyond the ken of young children
a shelter for a dog or cat; an establishment for the breeding or boarding of dogs or cats
a pack of dogs
the inner softer part of a seed, fruit stone, or nut
a whole seed of a cereal
a central or essential part; germ
e.g. Like many stereotypes, this one too contains some kernels of truth.
The kernel of your argument seems to be the inevitability of the division of that nation along ethnic lines.
one who spoils the pleasure of others
e.g. His perpetual negative attitude made him a real killjoy when others were trying to have fun.
to start (a fire) burning; light
to stir up; arouse
to bring into being; start
to cause to glow; illuminate
e.g. kindle interest
picture tube; also, a motion picture made from an image on a picture tube
a clever trick or stratagem
a special ready capacity that is hard to analyze or teach
e.g. a jazz musician with an incredible knack for improvisation
a tricky deceitful fellow
e.g. He plays the role of the duplicitous knave who tries to foil the play's hero.
to work and press into a mass with or as if with hands
to manipulate or massage with a kneading motion
e.g. kneading dough
knead sore neck muscles
marked by or full of knots; especially, so full of difficulties and complications as to be likely to defy solution
e.g. The candidates cautiously gave their views on an array of knotty issues.
knowledge of how to do something smoothly and efficiently; expertise
fame and renown resulting from an act or achievement; prestige
praise given for achievement
e.g. The company has earned kudos for responding so quickly to customers' concerns.
readily or continually undergoing chemical, physical, or biological change or breakdown; unstable
readily open to change
e.g. a labile mineral
produced or performed with labor
lacking ease of expression
e.g. labored breathing
to tear or rend roughly; wound jaggedly
to cause sharp mental or emotional pain to; distress
given to tears or weeping; tearful
tending to cause tears; mournful
e.g. a drama with a lachrymose hero
The more lachrymose mourners at the funeral required a steady supply of tissues.
lacking life, spirit, or zest; languid
e.g. His teacher did not approve of his lackadaisical approach to homework
feeling particularly lackadaisical in the summer heat
lacking in sheen, brilliance, or vitality; dull, mediocre
a radiant or resplendent quality or state; brilliance
e.g. the refulgence of a full moon on a clear autumn night
using or involving the use of a minimum or words; concise to the point of seeming rude or mysterious
e.g. The sportscaster's color commentary tends to be laconic but very much to the point.
easily rotating or turning; rotating
characterized by ready or rapid speech; glib, fluent
of or relating to milk
obtained from sour milk or whey
involving the production of lactic acid
the resting or living place of a wild animal; den
a refuge or place for hiding
e.g. She runs the project from her private lair in the suburbs.
the people of a religious faith as distinguished from its clergy
the mass of people as distinguished from those of a particular profession or those specially skilled
to assault violently; beat, whip
to attack verbally; censure
e.g. letters lambasting the new law
to moisten meat at intervals during cooking
to beat severely or soundly; thrash
to scold vigorously; berate
to mourn aloud; wail
to express sorrow, mourning, or regret for often demonstratively; mourn
to regret strongly
e.g. She lamented over the loss of her best friend.
satire; especially, a harsh satire usually directed against an individual
to make the subject of a lampoon; ridicule
e.g. He said such ridiculous things that he was often the target of lampoons in the press.
The politician was lampooned in cartoons.
a joyous song or hymn of praise, tribute, thanksgiving, or triumph
a work that praises or honors its subject; encomium, tribute
e.g. His retirement party featured many paeans for his long years of service to the company.
a steel-tipped spear carried by mounted knights or light cavalry
lancet; a spear used for killing whales or fish; lancer
to pierce with or as if with a lance
to open with or as if with a lancet
to throw forward; hurl
e.g. The lance struck squarely on the knight's shield, knocking him from his horse.
Doctors used to lance infected sores, so that they could drain clean.
a sharp-pointed and commonly 2-edged surgical instrument used to make small incisions
a system of trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
an area built up by landfill
e.g. using landfill to dispose of trash
enclosed or nearly enclosed by land
confined to freshwater by some barrier
living or located away from the ocean
e.g. a landlocked country
a landlocked sailor
the usually rapid downward movement of a mass of rock, earth, or artificial fill on a slope
a great majority of votes for one side; an overwhelming victory
e.g. The presidential election turned out to be one of the biggest landslides in history.
drooping or flagging from or as if from exhaustion; weak
sluggish in character or disposition; listless
lacking force or quickness of movement; slow
e.g. They proceeded at a languid pace.
a hot, languid summer day
lively in temper, conduct, or spirit; sprightly
e.g. an outgoing, vivacious girl who became a successful sales rep
a vivacious expression of love
to be or become feeble, weak, or enervated
to suffer neglect
to assume an expression of grief or emotion appealing for sympathy
e.g. Older people, especially, were languishing during the prolonged heat wave.
The bill languished in the Senate for eight months.
weakness or weariness of body or mind
listless indolence or inertia
e.g. the languor brought on by a hot summer afternoon
not well filled out; slender, thin
insufficient in quantity, degree, or extent
hanging straight and limp without spring or curl
e.g. lank cattle
Right after a shower, her lank hair hung down to her shoulders.
marked by outstanding strength and vigor of body, mind, or spirit
e.g. their strong and stalwart son
the stalwart soldiers in the army of Alexander the Great, who willingly followed him to the ends of the known world
stalwart common sense
responsible custody; control
to fold over or around something; wind, fold
to take in food or drink with the tongue; to take in or absorb eagerly or quickly
e.g. going to drop the whole thing in your lap
The crowd lapped up every word he said.
a slight error
a becoming less; decline
a passage of time; also, interval
to go out of existence; cease; also, to let slip, forfeit
to glide along; pass
e.g. a lapse in table manners / a lapse from grace
a minor mental lapse
returned to college after a lapse of several years
lapsed into unconsciousness
After a few polite exchanges, the conversation lapsed.
all of those who have lapsed their membership
pass, go by
e.g. Four years elapsed before he returned.
a place where food is stored; pantry
a supply food
liberal giving to or as if to an inferior; also, something given
e.g. He relied on the largess of friends after he lost his job.
a songbird that is usually brownish in color; especially, skylark
to engage in harmless fun or mischief (oft. used with about)
a source of or quest for amusement or adventure
e.g. We would rather lark about in the summer than get part-time jobs.
He thought life was a lark.
entered the race on lark
to move violently or suddenly; dash
to thrash or beat violently
to mark a verbal attack or retort (oft. used with out)
to bind with or as if with a line
e.g. Rain lashed at the windowpanes.
lashed them into a fury with his fiery speech
The disobedient sailors were threatened with the lash.
a condition of weariness or debility; fatigue
a condition of listlessness; languor
e.g. Our lassitude was such that we couldn't even be bothered to get more soda from the fridge.
robust energy and enthusiasm
e.g. Some food and a little rest should give me back some of my vim.
to capture with or as if with a lasso; rope
a rope or long thong of leather with a noose used especially for catching horses and cattle; lariat
e.g. The cowboy lassoed the horse.
The cowpuncher skillfully tossed the lasso around the calf's neck.
the quality of state of being latent; dormancy
e.g. The flower bulbs went from latency to full bloom in a matter of days.
angular distance from some specified circle or plane or reference
freedom of action or choice
e.g. latitude and longitude
Students are allowed considerable latitude in choosing courses.
a framework or structure of crossed wood or metal strips; a network or design resembling a lattice
a regular geometrical arrangement of points or objects over an area or in space; specifically, the arrangement of atoms in a crystal
e.g. an actor who in his lifetime received all the laud and honor that the theater world could bestow
The critics have lauded the best-selling author's newest novel.
wash, bathe; to flow along or against
e.g. The cold water fro the stream gently laved her burned fingers.
expending or bestowing profusely; prodigal
expended or produced in abundance
marked by profusion or excess
e.g. a lavish display of flowers
This lavish consumption of our natural resources simply cannot continue.
marked by or suffering from penury; very poor
given to or marked by extreme stinting frugality
e.g. The penurious school system had to lay off several teachers.
The company's penurious management could not be convinced of the need to earmark more money for research and development.
having a tendency to loosen or relax
to be sparing or frugal
to restrict with respect to a share or allowance
e.g. not stinting with their praises
She stinted herself of luxuries.
a substance used to produce fermentation in dough or a liquid; a material used to produce gas that lightens dough or batter
something that modifies or lightens
to raise (as bread) with a leaven
to mingle or permeate with some modifying, alleviating, or vivifying element; especially, lighten
e.g. a serious book that includes a few humorous stories as leaven
He needs to leaven his speeches with more humor.
a stand used to support a book or script in a convenient position for a standing reader or speaker; especially, one from which scripture lessons are read in a church service
a book containing accounts to which debits and credits are posted from books of original entry
a horizontal board used for vertical support (as in scaffolding)
to cast a sidelong glance; especially, to give a leer
a lascivious, knowing, or wanton look
e.g. She complained that some disgusting man was leering at her.
suspicious, wary (oft. used with of)
e.g. leery of strangers
sleight of hand
a display of skill or adroitness
e.g. The illusionist's show is an entertaining blend of legerdemain and over-the-top showmanship.
The reduction of the deficit the due in part to financial legerdemain that masks the true costs of running the government.
alert facile quickness of mind or body
to perform the function of legislation; especially, to make or enact laws
to mandate, establish, or regulate by or as if by legislation
e.g. the need to better legislate foreign trade
trying to legislate changes in the current law
attempting to legislate morality
to make legitimate; legitimate
to send off or away with promptness or speed; especially, to send off on official business
to kill with quick efficiency
to dispose of (as a task) rapidly or efficiently
e.g. Rescue workers were immediately dispatched to the area.
He dispatched the guard with one bullet.
alleviating pain or harshness; soothing
the quality or state of being lazy, sluggish, or indifferent
e.g. I snapped out of my lethargy and began cleaning the house.
a reception held by a person of distinction or in honor of a particular person
an embankment for preventing flood
a continuous dike or ridge for confining the irrigation areas of land to be flood
having or showing sound judgement; sensible
e.g. a levelheaded assessment of the problem
excessive or unseemly frivolity
lack of steadiness; changeableness
e.g. They managed to find some levity in the situation.
The teachers disapprove of any displays of levity during school assemblies.
the imposition or collection of an assessment
the enlistment or conscription of men for military service
to impose or collect by legal authority
to enlist or conscript for military service
to carry on (war); wage
e.g. The legislators approved a new levy on imported cattle to help protect American ranchers.
levy a tax on imports / levy a fine on the company
a close bond or connection; interrelationship
an illicit sexual relationship; affair
communication for establishing and maintaining mutual understanding and cooperation
e.g. She acts as a liaison between the police department and city schools.
Administrators need to establish a close liaison with employees.
any of various usually woody vines especially of tropical rain forests that root in the ground
to write and publish a false statement that causes people to have a bad opinion of (someone)
e.g. The court decided that the newspaper's reportage of the former mayor, while irresponsible, did not constitute an effort to libel him.
The newspaper was found guilty of libel.
the quality or state of not being opposed to ideas or ways of behaving that are not traditional or widely accepted
the quality of being generous
e.g. They were shocked by the liberality of her views on sex.
He treated his friends with remarkable liberality.
(oft. disparaging) a freethinker especially in religious matters
a person who is unrestrained by convention or morality. specifically, one leading a dissolute life
e.g. libertines of the royal court
The legend of Don Juan depicts him as a playboy and libertine.
the text of a work (as an opera) for the musical theater
the book containing a libretto
permission to act; freedom of action
freedom that allows or is used with irresponsibility
disregard for standards of personal conduct; licentiousness
e.g. His job as a reporter gives him license to go anywhere and ask anything.
lacking legal or moral restraints; especially, disregarding sexual restraints
marked by disregard for strict rules of correctness
e.g. a moralist who decried what she regarded as the licentious and corrupt culture of the entertainment industry
a legal claim that someone or something has on the property of another person until a debt has been paid back
the security interest created by a mortgage
of or resembling wood
to convert into wood or woody tissue
to become wood or woody
e.g. He generally likened a root canal to some horrible form of torture.
to draw or paint on a surface
to outline in a clear sharp detail; delineate
e.g. The novel limns the frontier life of the settlers.
capable of being shaped; flexible
having a supple and resilient quality (as of mind or body); agile, nimble
e.g. He shaped the basket out of limber branches that could bend easily around a frame.
a humorous rhyming poem of five lines
to walk lamely; to go unsteadily; falter
to proceed slowly or with difficulty
lacking firm texture, substance, or structure
lacking in strength, vigor, or firmness; spiritless
e.g. The injured player limped off the court.
The damaged ship limped back to port.
a very limp handshake
limp with fatigue
marked by transparency; pellucid
clear and simple in style
absolutely serene and untroubled
e.g. the limpid waters of the stream
to treat as an object of great interest or importance
e.g. She was lionized everywhere after her novel won the Pulitzer Prize.
shining and clear
consisting of or capable of ready conversion into cash
e.g. large liquid eyes
to determine the precise amount of; also, to determine the liabilities and apportion assets toward discharging the indebtedness
to settle (a debt) by payment or other settlement
to convert (assets) into cash
e.g. The owners were ordered to liquidate the company and pay their creditors.
easily flexed; lithe
able to move quickly, easily, and lightly; nimble
e.g. The lissome actress's dance training is apparent in the way she moves on stage.
Rattan is such a lissome material that it can be used for all manner of furniture and baskets.
a deviation from the vertical; tilt
to tilt to one side
(archaic) wish, choose
(archaic) inclination, craving
(archaic) please, suit
characterized by lack of interest, energy, or spirit
e.g. a listless melancholy attitude
The heat made everyone tired and listless.
able to read and write
e.g. computer-literate / politically literate
a literate essay
the educated class; also, intelligentsia
persons interested in literature or the arts
e.g. Bostons's 19th-century literati often referred to their city as "the Athens of America".
easily bend or flexed
characterized by easy flexibility and grace
e.g. lithe steel / a lithe vine
a lithe dancer
treading with a lithe silent step
of a happy lighthearted character or disposition
lacking due thought or consideration; casual, heedless
e.g. blithe unconcern
He was blithe about the risks to his health.
one engaged in a lawsuit
to carry on a legal contest by judicial process
to contest at law
e.g. They agree to litigate all disputes in this court.
The company's unwillingness to make a deal increased her desire to litigate.
subject to litigation; of, relating to, or marked by litigation
e.g. a very litigious group of people
this litigious age in which we live
the offspring at one birth of a multiparous animal
e.g. a litter of puppies
to spend time in idleness
e.g. the kind of sultry August afternoon that makes you just want to loaf
a place or locality especially when viewed in relation to a particular event or characteristic
e.g. They chose a tropical island as the locale foe their wedding.
to set or arrange in a place or position; especially, to set side by side
to occur in conjunction with something
an act or the power of moving from place to place
e.g. Walking is one form of locomotion.
interest in free locomotion and choice of occupation
capable of moving independently from place to place; locomotory
of or relating to travel
of, relating to, or being a machine that moves about by operation of its own mechanism
a self-propelled vehicle that runs on rails and is used for moving railroad cars
e.g. the locomotive ability of spiders
the place where something is situated or occurs; site, location
a center of activity, attention, or concentration
e.g. In democracy the locus of power is in the people.
an ore deposit
something that resembles a lode; an abundant store
e.g. a rich lode of scandal and alleged crime
to hang loosely or laxly; droop
to act or move in a lax, lazy, or indolent manner; lounge
e.g. a dog with its tongue lolling out
tediously long in speaking or writing
not easily subject to loss of breath
a frame or machine for interlacing at right angles two or more sets of threads or yarns to form a cloth
to come into sight in enlarged or distorted and indistinct form often as a result of atmospheric conditions
to appear in an impressively great or exaggerated form
to take shape as an impending occurrence
e.g. Storm clouds loomed on the horizon.
The mountains loom above the valley.
an awkward brutish person; lout, idler
a crazy person
a small opening through which small arms may be fired; a similar opening to admit light and air or to permit observation
a means of escape; especially, an ambiguity or omission in the text through which the intent of a statute, contract, or obligation may be evaded
e.g. His attorney has been hunting for a loophole that would allow him to get out of the deal.
an easy usually bounding gait capable of being sustained for a long time
to move or ride at a lope
e.g. The horses loped easily across the fields.
leaning to one side
lacking in balance, symmetry, or proportion; disproportionately heavy on one side
e.g. a lopsided vote of 99 to 1
full of excessive talk; wordy
given to fluent or excessive talk; garrulous
e.g. a loquacious and glib politician
an object used as a counter in determining a question by chance; the use of lots as a means of deciding something
something that comes to one upon whom a lot has fallen; share; one's way of life or worldly fate; fortune
to form or divide into lots
e.g. Everyone is lotted opportunities in life, and it's their responsibility to take them.
to act or move idly or lazily; loaf
to pass (time) idly
e.g. He was lounging by the pool all afternoon.
resembling or befitting a lout; awkwardly brutish
e.g. the loutish bully who didn't have a whole lot of friends