Word List 41 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Word List 41 Deck (63):
1

bugaboo

an imaginary object of fear
something that causes fear or distress out of proportion to its importance

e.g. Doing one's tax returns are a real bugaboo for some people.

2

bullion

uncoined gold or silver in bars in ingots

3

bumble

buzz
drone, rumble
blunder; especially, to speak ineptly in a stuttering and faltering manner
to proceed unsteadily; stumble
bungle

e.g. bumble through two years of college

4

buxom

vigorously or healthily plump; specially, full-bosomed

5

cachet

an indication of approval carrying great prestige
prestige

e.g. a movie director with great artistic cachet

6

canard

a false or unfounded report or story
a groundless rumor or belief

e.g. the widespread canard that every lawyer is dishonest

7

canker

an erosive or spreading sore
a source of corruption or debasement
to infect with a pervasive and corrupting bitterness

e.g. Racism remains a canker at the heart of the nation.
He hated her with a cankered, shameful abhorrence.

8

capacious

containing or capable of containing a great deal

e.g. a capacious trunk

9

caper

to leap or prance about in a playful manner

e.g. As summer drew to a close, the children spent their days wistfully capering on the beach.

10

capitation

a direct uniform tax imposed on each head or person; poll tax

11

capsize

to cause to overturn
to become upset or overturned; turn over

e.g. a flood that capsized the canoe

12

careen

to lean sideways
to cause a ship to lean
to sway from side to side; lurch

e.g. The sled careened as it barreled down the hill.
He careened unsteadily to the couch after hitting his head.

13

carnage

great and usually blood slaughter or injury

e.g. The appalling carnage in that war-torn country requires that the outside world intervene.

14

cavalcade

a procession of riders or carriages
a dramatic sequence or procession; series

e.g. a cavalcade of natural disasters

15

celerity

rapidity of motion or action

e.g. a journalist who writes his well-crafted stories with remarkable celerity

16

cephalic

of or relating to the head
directed toward or situated on or in or near the head

17

chasten

to correct by punishment or suffering; discipline
refine
to cause to be more humble or restrained; subdue

e.g. The unexpected loss to a second-rate player really chastened the tournament's top-seeded tennis star.

18

checkered

marked by alternation or contrast of fortune; especially, marked by many problems or failures

e.g. a checkered career with many ups and downs
trying prevent discovery of his checkered past

19

chortle

to sing or chant exultantly
to laugh or chuckle especially in satisfaction or exultation

20

cineast

a devotee of motion pictures; also, moviemaker

21

coffer

check; especially, strongbox
treasury, funds (usually used in pl.)

e.g. kept in a locked coffer
the household coffers

22

cognate

of the same of similar nature; generically alike
related by blood
related by descent from the same ancestral language

e.g. English "eat" and German "essen" are cognate.
Spanish and French are cognate languages.

23

cognomen

surname; especially, the third of usually three names borne by a male citizen of ancient Rome
name; especially, a distinguishing nickname or epithet

e.g. richly deserved the cognomen of "butterfingers"

24

colloquy

conversation, dialogue
a high-level serious discussion; conference

e.g. a colloquy on economic globalization

25

colt

a young male horse
a young untried person

e.g. a colt who looked to the team's more experienced players for advice

26

comestible

edible
(oft. pl.) food

27

complicity

association or participation in or as if in a wrongful act
an instance of complicity

e.g. no proof of her complicity in the murder

28

comport

to be fitting; accord
behave

e.g. actions that comport with policy
The grieving relatives comported themselves with grace and dignity during that difficult time.

29

concoct

to prepare by combining raw materials
devise, fabricate

e.g. concoct a drink
concoct an explanation

30

condign

deserved, appropriate

e.g. A suspension without pay is condign punishment for breaking the company's code of business ethics.

31

condor

a very large bird

32

confidant

one to whom secrets are entrusted; especially, intimate

33

congenital

existing at or dating from birth
inherent

e.g. congenital heart diseases
congenital fear of snakes / congenital liar

34

conjugal

of or relating to married state or married persons and their relations; connubial

e.g. newlyweds still in a rapturous state of conjugal happiness

35

connubial

of or relating to the married state; conjugal

36

consort

spouse
associate; association
group, assembly
unite, associate
accord, harmonize

e.g. He ruled in consort with his father.
a consort of specialists
consorting with criminals
The illustrations consort admirably.

37

conspectus

a usually brief survey or summary often providing an overall view
outline, synopsis

e.g. a book that could serve as a conspectus of the work thus far on the development of artificial intelligence

38

constringe

to cause to shrink
constrict

e.g. a styptic pencil stops the bleeding by constringing the small blood vessels at the site of cut

39

contumacy

stubborn resistance to authority; specifically, willful contempt of court

e.g. a rogue archbishop who was excommunicated on grounds of contumacy

40

contumely

harsh language or treatment arising from haughtiness and contempt; also, an instance of such language or treatment

e.g. For some time, he did not make a single convert, and gained nothing but contumely and abuse.

41

convoy

accompany; especially, to escort for protection

e.g. Police and FBI agents convoyed the president.

42

cordial

tending to revive, cheer, or invigorate
sincerely or deeply felt; warmly and genially affable
a stimulating medicine or drink

e.g. bottles full of excellent cordial water
a cordial dislike for each other
cordial relations

43

corny

mawkishly old-fashioned; tiresomely simple and sentimental

e.g. corny jokes

44

corpulent

obese

45

corpus

a collection of writings, conversations, speeches, etc., that people use to study and describe a language
a collection of poems, paintings, songs, etc.

e.g. a computerized corpus of English
Jane Austin's corpus is modest in number but magnificent in achievement.

46

coruscate

to give off or reflect light in bright beams or flashes; sparkle
to be brilliant or showy in technique or style

e.g. a classic car from the 1950s, replete with yards of coruscating chrome

47

crag

a steep rugged rock or cliff

48

credo

creed

e.g. The credo of the ancient Egyptians involved a variety of polytheism.

49

crepuscular

of, relating to, or resembling twilight; dim
occurring or active during twilight

e.g. crepuscular light
crepuscular insects/activity

50

croon

to sing or speak in a murmuring manner

e.g. The mother crooned as she rocked the baby.

51

crotchety

subject to whims, crankiness, or ill temper

52

crypt

a chamber (as a vault) wholly or partly underground; especially, a vault under the main floor of a church

53

currish

ignoble
resembling a cur; mongrel

e.g. prone to currish acts of violence

54

curvaceous

having or suggesting the curves of a well-proportioned feminine figure; broadly, having a smoothly curving shape

e.g. a curvaceous actress
a curvaceous coastline

55

cynosure

(cap.) north star
one that serves to direct or guide
a center of attraction or attention

e.g. an unwavering commitment to equal rights for all as his only cynosure
That company is the cynosure for anyone wishing to make it in the music business.

56

dalliance

play; especially, amorous play
frivolous action; trifling

e.g. an extremely serious scientist who is not much given to dalliance or idle chichat

57

dank

unpleasantly moist or wet

e.g. a dank cellar

58

dastard

coward
a person who acts treacherously or underhandedly

59

daub

to cover or coat with soft adhesive matter; plaster
to apply coloring material crudely to

e.g. He daubed some cologne on his neck.
Daub the potatoes with a little butter.
Various political slogans had been daubed on the walls.

60

debar

to bar from having or doing something; preclude

e.g. The judge debarred all of the reporters from the courtroom.

61

debility

weakness, infirmity

e.g. The disease leads to debility but rarely kills.

62

debonair

suave, urbane
lighthearted, nonchalant

e.g. a debonair man in a suit and top hat
His debonair dismissal of my inquiry concerning his financial situation led me to believe that nothing was wrong.

63

decamp

to break a camp
to depart suddenly; abscond