Antiseizure Medications Flashcards Preview

MS2 - Nervous System > Antiseizure Medications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Antiseizure Medications Deck (11):
1

The difference between simple partial and complex partial is that _________________.

simple partials entail preservation of consciousness

2

_____________ blocks the calcium-mediated release of glutamate.

Levetiracetam (though this mechanism is mostly unknown)

3

What drug is first-line treatment for tonic-clonic seizures?

Levetiracetam

4

Which antiepileptic is not metabolized by CYP?

Levetiracetam

5

What should be your approach to status epilepticus?

(1) Give a benzodiazepine.
(2) If that doesn't work, then add phenytoin.
(3) If that doesn't work, add phenobarbital.
(4) If that doesn't work, add pentobarbital or propofol.

6

The key feature for simple partial seizures is _________________.

preservation of consciousness

7

The main drug used for partial seizures is ___________. What are some alternatives?

carbamazepine; phenytoin, gabapentin, pregabalin, vigabatrin, tiagabine, levetiracetam, or lamotrigine

8

One of the big advantages of oxcarbazepine is _______________.

that it doesn't induce the CYP system

9

_________________ is the drug of choice for tonic-clonic seizures.

Valproic acid

10

Why is clonazepam used in seizures more often than the other benzodiazepines?

Because clonazepam also blocks T-type calcium channels

11

Neonatal status epilepticus should be treated with _____________.

phenobarbital

Decks in MS2 - Nervous System Class (111):