Mood and Psychiatric Disorders Flashcards Preview

MS2 - Nervous System > Mood and Psychiatric Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mood and Psychiatric Disorders Deck (13):
1

Review SIGECAPS.

Sleep disturbances (too much or too little)
Interest (lack of...)
Guilt
Energy (lack of...)
Concentration inability
Appetite
Psychomotor agitation
Suicidality

2

One needs at least _________ of the SIGECAPS symptoms for _________.

5/9; 2 weeks

3

Differentiate bipolar I and II.

Bipolar I: patients must have mania but may also have hypomania or depression

Bipolar II: hypomania plus depression

4

There are five symptoms that define psychotic disorders and schizophrenia-spectrum disorders.

1). Delusions: a fixed belief not amenable to change in light of conflicting evidence
2). Hallucinations: perception-like experiences that occur without an external stimulus
3). Disorganized speech: frequent derailment or incoherence
4). Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior (including echolalia)
5). Negative symptoms: apathy, avolition

5

Describe the timeline of psychotic diagnosis.

- less than one day: delirium
- greater than one day but less than one month: acute psychotic disorder
- one month to six months: schizophreniform disorder
- greater than six months: schizophrenia

6

How many symptoms does a person need to have for a diagnosis of schizophrenia?

2/5, but one has to be from the first three (listed in the symptom flash card)

7

Differentiate schizoaffective disorder and bipolar disorder with psychotic features.

Both involve a mix of psychotic symptoms and mood disturbances, but the psychotic features are more the baseline in schizoaffective disorder while the mood symptoms are foundational in bipolar disorder with psychotic features.

8

Patients with schizophrenia have a higher rate of ____________.

suicide

9

What is the DIGFAST mnemonic?

(mania symptoms)
Distractibility
Irritability
Grandiosity
Flight of ideas
Activities (hypersexual)
Sleeplessness
Talkative

10

Describe dysthymia and cyclothymia.

Dysthymia: subsyndromal depression
Cyclothymia: subsyndromal depression and hypomania

11

In general, the DSM requires symptoms to be present after ___________ of sobriety before ruling out substance-related mental disorders.

one month

12

What are neuroleptics?

Antipsychotics

13

What is the brand name of quetiapine?

Seroquel

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