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MS2 - Nervous System > Mood Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mood Disorders Deck (21):
1

____________ is the leading cause of disability in the 15 - 45 age group.

Unipolar depression

2

The most common psychiatric disorder is ____________.

anxiety, followed by depression

3

The DSM-V breaks mood disorders into two categories: ______________________.

depressive disorders and bipolar disorders

4

Eating lots of carbs is a(n) ___________ feature.

atypical – as is leaden limbs (heavy limbs)

5

What percent of depressed people are in treatment? What percent are considered adequately treated?

50% receiving treatment; 20% adequately treated

6

The frontal cortex and hippocampus are thought to mediate what aspects of depression?

- memory
- worthlessness
- hopelessness
- guilt
- suicidality

7

The amygdala and striatum are thought to regulate _______________ in depression.

anhedonia, stress, and lack of motivation

8

The C in SIGECAPS stands for what two things?

Concentration difficulties or cognition deficits

9

Describe the diagnostic criteria for depression.

Must have 5/9 of SIGECAPS for two weeks that is a change from previous state

10

What is the recurrence pattern of depression?

Risk of recurrence:
1 episode – 50%
2 episodes – 66%
3 episodes – 90%

11

_____________ are the most common cause of drug-induced mania.

Steroids

12

What has neuroimaging revealed about brain function in bipolar children?

That the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (which leads to fear extinction) is underactive and the amygdala is overactive in those with bipolar disorder.

13

What is the diagnostic criteria for bipolar disorder?

Must have mood elevation with 3 of the DIGFAST symptoms or irritability with 4 DIGFAST symptoms.

14

True or false: the predominant feature of bipolar disorder is mania.

False. People with bipolar disorder are more often depressed (3:1 ratio in type I and 37:1 type II)

15

WHO research suggests that mood disorders account for _________ percent of disability worldwide.

50

16

Bipolar disorder is _______ heritable than unipolar depression.

more

17

Prolonged elevation of glucocorticoids appears to damage _________ neurons.

hippocampal

18

What are atypical symptoms of depression?

- leaden paralysis
- reactive moods
- weight gain, hypersomnia

19

What timeline is necessary for diagnosis of mania?

DIGFAST symptoms present every day or nearly every day for one week

20

Melancholic depression is characterized by ______________.

fluctuations throughout the day (worse in the morning)

21

What is the DIGFAST for hypomania?

The same, but with thoughtless replacing talkativeness

Decks in MS2 - Nervous System Class (111):