Flashcards in Mood Disorders Deck (21):
____________ is the leading cause of disability in the 15 - 45 age group.
The most common psychiatric disorder is ____________.
anxiety, followed by depression
The DSM-V breaks mood disorders into two categories: ______________________.
depressive disorders and bipolar disorders
Eating lots of carbs is a(n) ___________ feature.
atypical – as is leaden limbs (heavy limbs)
What percent of depressed people are in treatment? What percent are considered adequately treated?
50% receiving treatment; 20% adequately treated
The frontal cortex and hippocampus are thought to mediate what aspects of depression?
The amygdala and striatum are thought to regulate _______________ in depression.
anhedonia, stress, and lack of motivation
The C in SIGECAPS stands for what two things?
Concentration difficulties or cognition deficits
Describe the diagnostic criteria for depression.
Must have 5/9 of SIGECAPS for two weeks that is a change from previous state
What is the recurrence pattern of depression?
Risk of recurrence:
1 episode – 50%
2 episodes – 66%
3 episodes – 90%
_____________ are the most common cause of drug-induced mania.
What has neuroimaging revealed about brain function in bipolar children?
That the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (which leads to fear extinction) is underactive and the amygdala is overactive in those with bipolar disorder.
What is the diagnostic criteria for bipolar disorder?
Must have mood elevation with 3 of the DIGFAST symptoms or irritability with 4 DIGFAST symptoms.
True or false: the predominant feature of bipolar disorder is mania.
False. People with bipolar disorder are more often depressed (3:1 ratio in type I and 37:1 type II)
WHO research suggests that mood disorders account for _________ percent of disability worldwide.
Bipolar disorder is _______ heritable than unipolar depression.
Prolonged elevation of glucocorticoids appears to damage _________ neurons.
What are atypical symptoms of depression?
- leaden paralysis
- reactive moods
- weight gain, hypersomnia
What timeline is necessary for diagnosis of mania?
DIGFAST symptoms present every day or nearly every day for one week
Melancholic depression is characterized by ______________.
fluctuations throughout the day (worse in the morning)