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MS2 - Nervous System > Developmental Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Developmental Disorders Deck (20):
1

Autism was originally thought to be a result of _____________.

refrigerator mothers (i.e., mothers whose care was deficient or emotionless)

2

Most researchers think there are up to __________ pathways to autism.

30 different

3

Identical twin concordance of autism is roughly _______.

90 percent

4

One pathway to autism is thought to arise from deficient _____________.

pruning of synapses

5

One characteristic of autism is lack of ____________.

social reciprocity

6

Children with autism often speak, but they do so ___________.

without directing it at another person; for instance, a child might stand in front of a fridge and say "Pepsi," not realizing that they need to say this to their parent

7

People with autism have a limited ability to ____________.

shift attention; experience novel things; and modify behaviors based on context

8

People with autism often develop ___________, thought to arise from intense focus.

splinter skills

9

What is the prevalence of autism.

1:110 (some estimates as high as 1:68)

10

What is the male brain hypothesis?

That autism reflects male thinking (intense focus, inability to shift focus), and thus it is not surprising that men have a higher incidence of autism

11

It is rare to find a person who only suffers from _________.

autism

12

Recent projects suggest that ______ out of every ten children with autism can grow up to be indistinguishable (from a casual observer) from a person without autism.

two

13

What percent of autism has a known genetic correlate?

15% - 20%

14

Once a couple has one child with autism, what is the chance that the second child will also have autism?

~20%

15

What are some of the signs of autism in a child younger than 12 months?

Lack of eye contact
Dysynchrony with caregiver
Lack of social smile
Less vocalization
Delay in response to name

16

What is the name of the survey that screens for autism?

M-CHAT

17

What environmental things have been shown to correlate with increased incidence of autism?

Pesticides, air pollution, and tanning chemicals

18

Most people with autism are ________-functioning.

high

19

About _________ percent of people with fragile X or tuberous sclerosis have autism.

30

20

What three categories of symptoms need to be met to warrant an autism diagnosis?

- Communication problems
- Restricted or repetitive interests
- Symptoms present in childhood

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