Child Development Diseases and Autism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Child Development Diseases and Autism Deck (28):
1

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

• Childhood onset; often lasts into adulthood
• Disrupts functioning across settings - both school and home

2

What is the main gender affected by ADHD?

Males

3

What is the treatment for ADHD?

- Methylphenidate
- Atomexitine

4

What are the 3 different presentations of ADHD?

‐ Combined
‐ Predominantly inattentive
‐ Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive

5

What are the overlapping diagnoses of ADHD?

- Oppositional Defiant Disorder
- Conduct Disorder
- Bipolar Disorder

6

What is a disease with high co-morbidity with ADHD?

Bipolar Disorder

7

‐ Often loses temper
‐ Argues with adults
‐ Hostile, defiant behavior towards authority figures
‐ Blames others for own mistakes
‐ Annoys people deliberately
‐ Touchy and easily annoyed by others

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

8

• Violates others’ basic rights or major age‐appropriate societal norms/rules
• Often bullies, threatens others
• Cruel to animals
• Destroys property, sets fires
• Often starts fights
• Often lies and lacks remorse
• Skips school, runs away
• Often stays out at night, despite parental rules

Conduct Disorder

9

Tic

Involuntary sudden, rapid motor movement or vocalization

10

• Tics occur many times every day or intermittently for > 1 year
• Tics can be simple (rapid, repetitive contractions) or complex (appear as more ritualistic and purposeful)
• Simple tics appear first
• Onset before 18 years

Tourette’s Disorder

11

What gender is more affected by Tourette's?

Males

12

What is the treatment for Tourette's?

Haloperidol

13

What NT is Tourette's associated with?

Associated with increased levels of dopamine

14

What is the age range for separation anxiety disorder?

Often 7-11 years

15

•Constant thoughts, intense fears about safety of parents
•School refusal
•Frequent somatic complaints
•Extreme worries about sleeping away from home
•Being over clingy
•Panic, tantrums when separating from parents

Separation Anxiety Disorder

16

Systematic Desensitization

• Begins with imagining oneself in a progression of fearful
situations and using relaxation
• Often used to treat anxiety and phobias
• When the person is relaxed in the presence of the feared stimulus, objectively, there is no more phobia

17

When does stranger anxiety appear?

6 months - disappears at 8 months

18

When does separation anxiety appear?

8-12 months

19

• Significant deficits in intellectual functioning
• Diagnosis via clinical assessment and standardized neurocognitive testing
• Significant deficits in adaptive behavior
• Presents as developmental delay

Intellectual Disability

20

What is the most common cause of intellectual disability?

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

21

What are the most common GENETIC causes of intellectual disability?

- Down Syndrome
- Fragile X-syndrome

22

What gender is more affected by autism?

Males

23

What gender has greater intellectual disability from autism?

Females tend to have greater intellectual disability

24

• Deficits in reciprocal social interaction
• Decreased repertoire of activities and interests
• Abnormal or delayed language development, impairment in verbal and non‐verbal communication
• No separation anxiety
• Oblivious to external world
• Fails to assume anticipatory posture, shrinks from touch
• Preference for inanimate objects
• Stereotyped behavior and interests

Autism Spectrum Disorder

25

What are some prenatal diseases that have increased risk for autism?

- Maternal asthma or allergies
- Psoriasis while pregnant

26

What gender is more affected by Rett syndrome?

Females

27

‐ Onset (6‐18) months of age
‐ Hand wringing (stereotyped hand movements)
‐ Small hands & feet
‐ Microcephaly (decreased rate of head growth)
‐ Prone to seizures, GI issues, scoliosis


Rett Syndrome

28

What is the main drug used for autism - mainly treat behavior?

Risperidone

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