Diseases of MSK 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Diseases of MSK 2 Deck (26):
1

Embryological origin of soft tissue

Mesoderm

2

What classifies as soft tissue

Nonepithelial extraskeletal structures exclusive of supportive tissue of organs and lymphoid/hematopoietic tissue

3

Fat tumours

Lipomas

4

Fibrous tissue tumours

Fibromas

5

Smooth muscle tumours

Leiomyomas

6

Blood vessel tumours

Haemangiomas

7

Lymphatic tumours

Lymphangiomas

8

Peripheral nerve tumours

Neuroma

9

Malignant soft tissue tumours

Sarcoma

10

Are soft tissue tumours usually benign or malignant?

Benign

11

Do soft tissue tumours often involve the lymph nodes?

No

12

Where do soft tissue tumours spread to?

Liver and lung

13

How do you diagnose soft tissue tumours?

Ultrasound guided core biopsy
Wide excision
Cytogenetics
Molecular genetics

14

Syndrome associated with neurofibroma

Neurofibromatosis type 1

15

SYndrome associated with fibromatosis

Gardner syndrome

16

Syndrome associated with myxoma, melanotic schwannoma

Carney syndrome

17

Synrome associated with cystic hygroma

Turner syndrome

18

Benign bone tumour

Osteoma and osteobalstoma

19

Benign cartilage tumours

Chondroma

20

Mixed bone and cartilage tumours

Osteochondromas

21

Commonest malignant bone tumour

Osteosarcoma

22

Typical age group and location of osteosarcoma

Young
Knee

23

Which cancers metastasise to the bone

Thyroid, prostate, kidney, breast, GI tract etc

24

Complex multisystem disease ,predominantly cutaneous. Female predominance

sytemic lupus erythematosis

25

What type of rash is associated with SLE?

Butterfly- bridge of nose and cheeks

26

How does SLE affect different organs in the body?

Skin
Cardiac- cardiomegaly endocarditis
CNS-convulsions, hemiplegia
Rnal-nephrotic syndrome and glomerulonephritis