Upper Respiratory Tract Infections Flashcards Preview

Clinical Pathology > Upper Respiratory Tract Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Upper Respiratory Tract Infections Deck (26):
1

When does rhinosinusitis commonly occur?

Post viral inflammation

2

Complications of which URTI include osteomyelitis, meningitis, cerebral abscess

Rhinosinusitis

3

Pharyngitis is usually viral and a feature of the common cold, but can be caused by what group of bacteria? And how may this present?

Streptococcal: scarlet's fever (widespread rash), henoch schonlein purpura, glomerulonephritis or rheumatic fever

4

Complication of glandular fever? Avoid which antibiotic in treatment of EBV?

Splenic rupture. Avoid ampicillin-gives rash

5

Important question to ask patients with suspected diptheria

Travel history?

6

Antibiotics or steroids can sometimes cause what oral infection?

Candida

7

Cherry red airway obstruction. 'hot potato' speech, Young children. Do not swab.

Epiglottitis

8

What is the usual cause of epiglottitis?

Haemophilu influenzae type B prior to vaccine

9

Another term for croup

Acute laryngotracheobronchitis

10

Does croup affect upper or lower airways? Viral or bacterial?

Upper airways. Viral

11

2 stages of whooping cough

Catarrhal phase- build up of phlegm
Whooping- paroxysms(short burts on exhalation, whoops on inhalation)

12

Complications of what upper airway infection may cause otitis media, pneumonia, convulsions, subconjunctival haemorrhages etc.

Whooping cough

13

Discharge of the ear

Otorrhoea

14

3 types of otitis externa

Acute, chronic, malignant

15

Usual causes of acute otitis externa

S.Aureus if pustular
Pseudomonas if after swimming

16

Treatment for acute otitis externa

Saline and/or alcohol and acetic acid. Topical drops (may contain antibiotics, antifungals and steroids)

17

Cause of chronic otitis externa

Irritation from drainage from perforated tympanic membrane.

18

What antibiotics should you avoid using in chronic otitis externa

Aminoglycosides e.g. gentamicin- can cause deafness

19

Cause of malignant otitis external

Pseudomonal aeroginosa

20

Otitis media is common in which age group?

Children

21

3 usual suspects for URTI

H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae, M.catarrhalis

22

Inflammation fo mastoid air cells after middle ear infection

Mastoiditis

23

How do you diagnose mastoiditis?

Imaging (CT)

24

1st line treatment for mastoiditis

Co-amoxiclav

25

Infection of head and neck

vincent's angina

26

Desribe the usual antibiotic treatment for URTIs

Amoxicillin/penicillin. Erythromycin used if allergic to penicillin or for whooping cough/diptheria