Section 10 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 10 Vocab Deck (21):
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Russian Revolution

a revolution in Russian in 1917-1918 that brought the Bolsheviks, a communist party led by Lenin, to power

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Russo-Japanese Waar

a war fought in 1904-5 between Russian and Japan. winning the war, Japan emerged as a world power

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Sarajevo

the city where the assassination that brought on World War I took place

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Albert Schweitzer

a French theologian who received many awards for his humanitarian missionary work in Africa

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Seven Years' War

a war fought between the German kingdom of Prussia and an alliance that included Austria, France, and Russian. Prussia and Britain won and their victory greatly increased their power

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Six-Day War

a War in 1967 by Israel on one side and Egypt, Syria, and Jordan on the other. Israel was victorious

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Spanish Civil War

A war fought in the late 1930s in Spain. The Spanish fascists won the war and set up Franco's long rule as a dictator

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SS

An elite corps of combat troops formed originally within the German Nazi party as a bodyguard for Hitler

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Joseph Stalin

a Soviet political leader of the twentieth century. ruled the Soviet Union with extreme brutality

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Battle of Stalingrad

a major battle between German and Soviet troops in World War II; ended with the surrender of and an entire German army; a major turning point of the war in favor of the Allies

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Stalin's purge trials

large numbers of official were imprisoned or executed for alleged disloyalty to Stalin

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Star Chamber

a royal court in England in the Middle Ages known for its tyrannical judgements

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Stuarts

a Scottish family that ruled Britain from the early seveneenth centry to the early eighteenth century

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Sun King

nickname for Louis XIV

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Margaret Thatcher

Prime Minister of Britain in 1979; resigned form office in 1990

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What were the causes of the war rooted in for the Thirty Years' War?

causes of the war were rooted in national rivalries and in conflict between Roman Catholics and Protestants; for all the bloodshed there was no decisive winner or loser

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Third Reich

the name given by the Nazis to their government in Germany; Reich is German for empire

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What did Hitler believe about his Third Reich?

He believed that he was creating a third German empire that was a successor to the Holy Roman Empire and the empire formed by Chancellor Bismarck in the nineteenth century

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Tiananmen Square

location in Beijing of prodemocracy demonstrations that were brutally suppressed in 1989

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Marshal Tito

a Yugoslav military and political leader of the twentieth century; established communist rule in Yugoslavia

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trench warfare

warfare marked by slow wearing down of the opposing forces and piecemeal gains at heavy cost; this happened especially in World War I

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