Semester 1 Final Mulitple Choice Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Semester 1 Final Mulitple Choice Deck (50):
0

In ancient Egypt, all land was owned by

the pharaoh

1

Champollion's success in deciphering the Rosetta Stone was important because it let scholars

translate Egyptian writing

2

The Hebrews believed that God would protect them if they

obeyed the Ten Commandments

3

The Phoenicians earned the name "carriers of civilization" by

spreading the culture of Mesopotamia

4

Old Stone Age people lived in groups that were formed on the basis of

family ties

5

During the Old Stone Age, the need for food caused people to

move from place to place

6

The Fertile Crescent has been called the crossroads of the world because it was

on the route connecting Europe, Asia, and Africa

7

Which of the following statements best describes the principle behind Hammurabi's Code?

An eye for and eye and a tooth for a tooth

8

Writing was probably first developed in order to record

religious ceremonies

9

Hejira, imam, and the Kaaba are all terms associated with

Islamic religious beliefs

10

All of the following are among the Five Pillars of Islam EXCEPT

the duty to worship Muhammad as a god
1. the duty to give alms
2. the duty of fasting during Ramadan
3. the duty of making a pilgrimage to Mecca

11

Muslims consider the Koran the greatest written work in Arabic mainly because it

is believed to be the word of God.

12

"The ink of the scholar is holier than the blood of the martyr." In this statement, Muhammad expressed the idea that

learned persons were to be held in high regard.

13

According to the Five Pillars of Islam, the first duty of all Muslims is to

believe in one god

14

A long-term effect of the Magna Carta was to

limit royal power in England

15

Because of the Viking invasions, kings

lost power to strong feudal lords

16

One group that supported monarchs in their struggles to create unified national states was

townspeople

17

The feudal contract was an arrangement by which a

lord and vassal both agreed to certain obligations

18

Most wars during the age of feudalism were fought to

settle disputes over boundaries and inheritance rights

19

Under the feudal contract, a lord provided his vassal with

land

20

All of the following agricultural advances increased food production in the later Middle Ages EXCEPT

the two-field system
1. the horseshoe
2. the watermill
3. iron farm implements

21

In the late Middle Ages, townspeople supported kings because kings

encouraged trade and commerce

22

Common law developed out of

the decisions of royal courts

23

The development of printing and the use of movable type resulted in

The rapid spread of new ideas

24

Changes in agriculture occurred during the Renaissance because

Farmers began growing new types of food

25

In the early 1500s, many people were at criticizing the church for

Being too concerned with worldly power and riches

26

Luther's doctrine of "justification by faith alone" meant that

A person's only hope of salvation was faith in God

27

Which of the following was not one of the major sources of wealth for northern Italy's patrons of the arts?

Agriculture
1. Banking
2. Trade
3. Manufacturing

28

In the Prince, Machiavelli says that a wise ruler is one who

Does whatever he has to do to stay in power

29

Calvinism appealed to most strongly to

Middle-class townspeople

30

The church of England was created by

King Henry VIII

31

Calvin believed in predestination, which he meant that

God had chosen who would be saved

32

Copernicus challenged traditional views of the universe by claiming that

The earth revolves around the sun

33

Both Kepler and Newton added to scientific knowledge by

Providing mathematical proofs of what other scientists had observed

34

Which advance in technology helped make the voyages of exploration possible?

Astrolabe

35

Conquistadors explored the Americas in search of

Gold and silver

36

The plantation system was developed in the west Indies two

Grow sugar and tobacco

37

The middle passage was the

Voyage of Africans across the Atlantic on slave ships

38

The first Europeans to settle in North America where the

Spanish

39

Which nation led the way in early voyages of exploration

Spain

40

The line of demarcation drawn by the Treaty of Tordesillas

Divided newly discovered lands between Spain and Portugal

41

Which of the following was a reason that the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztec and Inca so easily

They had superior weapons

42

The population of the English colonies grew more rapidly than the population of new France in part because the

English government encouraged people to settle in its colonies

43

Edict of Nantes

Gave the right to worship to the Huguenots

44

Louis the 14th and Nobles

Made them live at his palace so he could keep an eye on them

45

Philip II of Spain was an absolute monarch because

He had complete authority

46

James I of England believed his right to rule came from

God

47

James I of England believed his right to rule was based on

The divine right of kings

48

Group that welcomed the edict of Nantes

The Huguenots

49

Louis XIV of France's reforms were

1. Built Versailles palace
2. Reorganized the army
3. Canceled the edict of Nantes

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