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Flashcards in Section Four Vocab Deck (21):
0

divine right of kings

the belief that kings and queens have a God-given right to rule

1

Sir Francis Drake

An English sea captain; was the first Englishman to sail around the world; was a pirate

2

Dreyfus affair

a scandal in France involving a Jewish army officer, Alfred Dreyfus; was falsely convicted of betraying French military secrets and was sentenced to life imprisonment

3

Dunkirk

a remarkable retreat by the British army in World War II; Dunkirk was a town on the northern coast of France; during the Fall of France several hundred naval and civilian vessels took the troops back to England in shifts over three days

4

Adolf Eichman

a Nazi official who was responsible for the torture and killing of millions of Jews during the Holocaust

5

Elizabeth I

a queen of England in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries who presided over the Renaissance in England

6

Elizabeth II

the present queen of Britain

7

Friedrich Engels

A German socialist of the nineteenth century who collaborated with Karl Marx on The Communist Manifesto

8

Enlightenment

an intellectual movement of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries marked by a celebration of 1. the powers of human reason, 2. a keen interest in science, 3. the promotion of religious tolerance, 4. and a desire to construct a government free of tyranny

9

Fascism

a system of government that flourished in Europe; ruled by one person like a dictator

10

name the three fascist countries in the 1920s and their leaders

1. Germany under Hitler 2. Italy under Mussolini 3. and Spain under Franco were all fascist states

11

fifth column

people willing to cooperate with and aggressor against their own country; traitors or treason

12

Final Solution

a term applied by Nazis to the genocide of European Jews during World War II

13

fall of France

the conquest of France by Germany in World War II

14

Archduke Francis Ferdinand

an Austrian prince whose assassination in Sarajevo in 1914 set off World War I

15

Francisco Franco

a Spanish general and dictator of the twentieth century; a fascist who, after winning the Spanish Civil War, ruled Spain until his death

16

French Revolution

the event at the end of the eighteenth century that ended the thousand-year rule of kings in France and established the nation as a republic

17

Führer

the title of Adolf Hitler; is German for "leader"

18

Indira Gandhi

served as the Prime Minister of India from 1966 to 1977 and again from 1980 until her assassination in 1984

19

(Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) Mahatma Gandhi

the leader of India's drive for independence; promoted nonviolence and civil disobedience to achieve their independence

20

Gang of Four

four Chinese political leaders of the twentieth century who were closely associated with torture during the Cultural Revolution

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