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Flashcards in The Rest of The Roman World Q's Deck (52):
0

Where did the early Latins settle?

along the Tiber River

1

The Etruscans did what to the Latins in 600 BC?

they conquered the Latins

2

What is considered to be the event that marks the beginning of the Roman Empire?

When Latins retaliated and conquered the Etruscans in 509 BC

3

Republic

a gov't where the citizens vote and choose their leaders

4

Patricians

the wealthy landowners (a class in the Roman social structure)

5

Plebians

the common people (traders, farmers, shop owners, everyone not a slave or patrician)

6

the Senate was made up of?

300 Patricians who governed Rome

7

How long was a Senator's term in office?

their term was for life

8

consul

officials that administered the law in Rome

9

Twelve Tables of Law

the first written code of law in Rome

10

If you owned land you ____________.

had to serve in the Roman army

11

legion

composed of six thousand soldiers

12

What major event happened in the first Punic War?

Rome wins a naval victory (up to this point Rome had not had a navy)

13

tribute

annual payment to Rome

14

Hannibal

a general of Carthage involved in the Second Punic War (wanted to avenge father's death)

15

What land area did Rome get for winning the second Punic War?

Spain

16

"Carthago est Decanda" is Latin for ___________.

Carthage must be destroyed

17

What did the Roman army do to Carthage in the third Punic War?

They totally destroyed Carthage

18

"Carthagenian Peace" means

you totally annihilate your enemy to where they cannot recover

19

Who was in the first Triumvirate and what were there roles?

Caesar-an acclaimed general popular with the people
Pompey- a Roman general
Marcus Crassus-weakest of the three

20

triumvirate means

three man rule

21

in the 1st triumvirate there was a power struggle between

Caesar and Pompey

22

Caesar is ultimately given an ultimatum by the Senate. What was it?

He was ordered to return to Rome without his army. (if did it he was saying that he yielded to the Senate; if didn't he was defying the Senate) (involved crossing the Rubicon River)

23

What did Caesar decide to do in regard to the Senate's ultimatum?

He comes back with his army and defeats Pompey.

24

What does "Crossing the Rubicon" mean?

it is where you make a final decision and you cannot turn back

25

Brutus

a close friend of Caesar and co-conspirator in his death

26

what does "et tu Brute" mean?

literally means "why you Brutus?" (figuratively means the ultimate betrayal of a friend)

27

Who was in the second triumvirate and what were their roles?

Octavian-heir/grand-nephew to Caesar (handpicked successor)
Marc Antony-Roman general
Marcus Lepidus-weakest

28

What was the first objective of the second Triumvirate?

to capture and try Caesar's murderers (executed everyone of them)

29

Who was involved in a power struggle in the second triumvirate?

Octavian and Marc Antony

30

Marc Antony allies with ______________.

Cleopatra Queen of Eygpt

31

Who eventually wins in the power struggle between Octavian and Marc Antony?

Octavian defeated Marc Antony and Cleopatra in a devastating battle

32

in 27 BC the Senate gives Octavian the title of ________

Augustus

33

Augustus means

"Exalted One"- Augustus was also the first Roman emperor

34

Pax Romana means

Roman Peace

35

What is the Pax Romana?

a period of peace and prosperity

36

Imperator (another title given to Augustus) what does it allow him to do?

allows him to be the commander in chief of the entire army

37

Greco-Roman

a blending of Greek and Roman culture/civilization

38

aqueducts

brought water from the countryside into the cities

39

Appian Way

a major roadway to move trade and troops

40

what happened in the Colosseum?

gladiator events, wild animal events, mock naval battles, and reinacted military victories

41

Religious toleration of the Roman emperor

other people could worship an way they pleased but the other people had to recognize the emperor as a divine being

42

Who were the only people to defy the Romans and not recognize the emperor as a divine being?

the Christians

43

What was the reaction of the Roman officials to Jesus's teachings?

Jesus was considered a troublemaker because he claimed to be the Messiah

44

Christians were viewed as _________

scapegoats

45

Pontius Pilate

the governor who ordered Jesus to be put to death

46

313 A.D. Edict of Milan

gave religious toleration to the Christians

47

395 A.D. Christianity became the

official religion of the empire

48

Germanic invasions

they moved in looking for and area with better climate and better farmland

49

What did the Visigoths do to the Romans in 344 A.D.?

They defeated the Roman army and showed that Rome was now beatable

50

In 476 AD ________ became the first German born emperor

Odacer

51

after the Roman Empire split, the eastern half became known as the __________.

Byzantine Empire and it would last for about another thousand years

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