Section 13 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 13 Vocab Deck (20):
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indulgence

a declaration by church authorities that someone who says certain prayers or does good deeds will have all of their punishment in Purgatory remitted

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Inquisition

a special court that tried cases of heresy

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Iron Age

people learned to extract iron from ore and use it to forge tools and weapons

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Joan of Arc

a French military leader who at the age of seventeen took up arms to establish the rightful king on the French throne; claimed to have heard God speak to her; these claims eventually led to her trial for heresy and her execution

4

Julius Caesar

Roman general and dictator in the first century B.C.; on a subsequent campaign in Asia he reported to the senate, "I came, I saw, I conquered."; was assassinated by his friend Brutus and others on the senate floor on the Ides of March in 44 B.C.

5

knight

a mounted warrior in the Middle Ages

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Latin

the language of ancient Rome

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Ferdinand Magellan

his crew was the first to sail around the Earth, although Magellan himself was killed on the voyage

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Magna Carta

list of rights and privileges that King John of England signed under pressure from English noblemen

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Battle of Marathon

ancient Greeks defeated a much larger army of the Persian Empire

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Mayas

a Native American people in what is now Mexico and northern Central America until around 1600

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Medici

patrons of the arts who lived in Florence, Italy during the Renaissance

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medieval

descriptive term for the Middle Ages

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Mesopotamia

region known as the "cradle of civilization"

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Middle Ages

began with the Fall of Rome and ended with the Renaissance

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Thomas More

was beheaded because he refused to recognize Henry VIII as head of the Christian Church in England

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Nero

ancient Roman emperor who persecuted Christians, blaming them for a great fire in Rome

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Norman Conquest

William the Conqueror proclaimed himself king of England after defeating Harold at the Battle of Hastings

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Ottoman Empire

empire between the fourteenth and twentieth centuries; included many parts of southeastern Europe and the Middle East

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Pax Romana

means Roman peace

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