Section 16 Vocab Flashcards Preview

10th World History > Section 16 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Section 16 Vocab Deck (20):
1

Allah

In the religion of Islam, Allah is the name for God, the Supreme Being

2

Aristotle

a great philosopher of ancient Greece; he placed particular importance on the direct observation of the natural and political world

3

apostles

Jesus had twelve main followers who traveled with him as he spread his religious beliefs

4

asceticism

Asceticism is a way of life that opposes fancy clothes, expensive possessions, fine food and drink, and physical pleasures

5

baptism

the person being baptized is sprinkled with water, though some churches immerse the person completely

6

Tower of Babel

an Old Testament story where the people who built it tried to make it so tall that it would reach up to heaven, but God punished them for their pride by making each of them speak a different language

7

bar mitzvah

a Jewish religious ceremony for 13 year old boys; at this point they take on adult religious and social responsibilities

8

bat mitzvah

a religious ceremony for 13 year old girls where they take on adult religious and social responsibilities

9

brother's keeper

in an Old Testament narration where Cain killed his brother Abel

10

Buddhism

major religion of Asia based on the teachings of the Buddha; meditation is a way of thinking deeply and calmly

11

John Calvin

founded a religion called Calvinism that stressed that people are saved through God's grace rather than their own merits

12

Cain and Abel

Old Testament story where once they both offered gifts to God, God liked Abel's gift but not Cain's. Cain was so jealous and angry that he killed Abel, thus committing the first murder

13

Communion

priest or minister gives bread to the church members. Some churches also use wine in the ceremony

14

Calvary

Jesus was crucified on a hill named Calvary

15

chosen people

God chose the Israelites as his special people, He promised that they would possess a land of their own and grow into a great nation

16

confirmation

ceremony in Christian churches that marks the point at which a person becomes a full member of the church

17

crown of thorns

soldiers made a king's crown out of some thorny branches and forced Jesus to wear this crown of thorns

18

Crucifixion

the name for the death of Jesus

19

Easter

holiday on which Christians celebrate the return to life, or Resurrection, of Jesus Christ

20

ethics

beliefs about what is right and wrong

Decks in 10th World History Class (79):