Semester 2 Final Matching Flashcards Preview

10th World History > Semester 2 Final Matching > Flashcards

Flashcards in Semester 2 Final Matching Deck (150):
1

estates

referred to the social classes in French society

2

French social class comprised of clergy

1st estate

3

nobility of French social class

2nd estate

4

French social class of professionals, laborers, and peasants

3rd estate

5

assembly called by Louis XVI for approval of new taxes

Estates General

6

motto of the French revolution

Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity

7

women of Paris storm royal palace; king forced to Paris

March on Versailles

8

emigrees

political exile who fled France

9

led the Jacobins and the reign of Terror

Max Robiespierre

10

Louis XVI

Jan. 21. 1798- French monarch executed by guillotine

11

drafting into the military

conscription

12

Reign of Terror

movement to "Annihilate enemies of French republic"

13

Directory

French government before 1789

14

coup d'etat

"stroke of state" seize power by force

15

burning, destroying supplies as retreat; enemy can't use

"scorched earth"

16

harsh climate conditions of Napoleon's Russia invasion

General Winter

17

site of Napoleon's second and final exile

St. Helena

18

bourgeoisie

middle class: professionals, merchants, bankers

19

enclosure movement

fenced off public lands

20

tenaments

shabby, run down living quarters of industrial workers

21

business owned by one person

sole proprietorship

22

theory of limiting government intervention in business

laissez-faire

23

working class according to Karl Marx

proletariat

24

periods of prosperity and decline in the economy

business cycle

25

Adam Smith

father of classical economics

26

industrial Revolution

mechanization takes place of manual labor in 1800

27

bourgeoisie

owners of production according to Karl Marx

28

factors of production

land, labor, capital/equipment

29

Henry Ford

revolutionized auto industry; implemented assembly line

30

monopoly

corporation gaining almost complete control of the production process of a good or service

31

Eli Whitney

introduced system of interchangeable parts in his gun factory

32

processof negotiating with which the unions and management come to agreement

collective bargaining

33

Samuel Morse

invention of the telegraph revolutionized communication

34

Michael Faraday

developed first electric generator

35

Edward Jenner

developed smallpox vaccine

36

Lous Pasteur

identified microorganisms called bacteria

37

Mendeleyev

introduced first workable classification of elements

38

The Curies

discovered process of radioactivity(radium)

39

Ivan Pavlov

experimented using a stimulus to bring a response

40

Sigmund Freud

developed psychoanalysis to study behavior

41

Albert Einstein

introduced the theory of relativity

42

Alexander Fleming

discovered penecillin

43

Charles Darwin

introduced the theory of evolution

44

use of chemicals to kill disease-causing germs

antisepsis

45

study of how inborn characteristics are inherited

genetics

46

biology, genetics, anatomy, botany

biological sciences

47

astrology, physics, chemistry, geology

physical sciences

48

process of heating liquids to kill bacteria

pasteurization

49

By 1870s the new source of power

electricity

50

sectionalism

competition/ division among regions of a country

51

suffragette

women campaigning for the right to vote

52

right to vote

suffrage

53

William Lovett

began the Chartist movement

54

Louisiana Purchase

acquired from Napoleon and doubles the size of the US

55

caudillo

a military dictator of Latin America

56

Otto von Bismarck

the "Iron Chancellor"

57

contributed to decline of Indian population in colonies

disease and firearms

58

plebiscite

legislation calling for a yes/no vote

59

huge commercial estates established in Brazil

fazenda

60

huge estates given to the peninsulares by the Spanish king

hacienda

61

James Cook

1770 claimed Australia for Great Britain

62

1840s legislation keeping grain prices high in Britain

corn laws

63

Touissant L'overture

led the first and only successful slave revolt in the Americas

64

those who oppose all forms of government

anarchists

65

movement for Italian unification

risorgimento

66

Red Shirts

followers of Garibaldi

67

Bismarck

1862- he was appointed as head of Prussia's government

68

resource-rich territory lost by France after the Franco-Prussian war

Alsace/Lorraine

69

upper house of German legislature

Bundesrat

70

lower house of German legislature

Reichstag

71

union of all Slavic peoples

PanSlavism

72

pogroms

in Russia-movements to massacre the Jews

73

Russian legislature

Duma

74

imperialism

country's domination of political, economy, and culture

75

nationalism

pride and devotion one has for his country

76

colony

possession of a country/area by a foreign power

77

assimilation

policy of slowly absorbing colonies politically/culturally

78

mass migration of African Boers to North Africa

Great Trek

79

disease killing herds of cattle causing famine

Rinderpest

80

Liberia

African colony established by freed slaves from the US

81

Australia

example of a settlement colony

82

Suez canal

connects Mediterranean Sea to Red Sea

83

primary economic activity in West African civilizations

slave trade

84

Henry Stanley

journalist hired to find David Livingstone

85

David Livingstone

missionary who explored central Africa

86

situation of Europe/Balkans prior to WWI

powder keg

87

western front

stretched from southern Belgium to North France

88

eastern front

line of fighting from Baltic Sea to Black Sea

89

general association of nations to secure world peace

League of Nations

90

nationalistic group that wanted to unite Bosnia with Serbia

Black Hand

91

Franz Ferdinand

his assassination was the spark to beginning of WWI

92

central powers

Austria Hungary, Germany, Ottoman Empire during WWI

93

Allies

Britain, France, Russian and later the US during WWI

94

Gavrillo Princip

assassin who murdered Archduke Ferdinand

95

14 points

President Wilson's peace plan after WWI

96

Lusitania

British liner sunk by Germans (May 1915) major impact on US entering WWI

97

barbed-wire, trenches, land mines; wasteland

"no man's land"

98

Versailles

palace where peace treaty signed to end WWI

99

1800s- various groups wanted political unity

nationalism

100

militarism

glorify military and arms

101

rivaled Great Britain in naval supremacy in early 1900s

Germany

102

Great Britain's location and to get involved on continent

"splendid isolation"

103

show of Germany's support to Austria-Hungary

blank check

104

belligerent

referred to a country at war

105

drafting soldiers, factories converted, women working

total war

106

brutal acts against civilization

atrocities

107

Bolsheviks

extreme radicals, overthrew propositional government in Russia

108

Vladimir Lenin

leader of the Bolsheviks

109

communist party

new name of Bolsheviks after Russian revolution

110

AEF

American forces in WWI

111

reparations

money payment for war damages

112

John J. Pershing

leader of American forces in WWI

113

authors who reflected decay in society

"Lost Generation"

114

flappers

young women rebelled with short hair and dresses

115

18th amendment

legislation establishing prohibition

116

21st amendment

repealed prohibition

117

prohibition

period when making, selling, alcohol was illegal

118

Oct. 29, 1929-sudden drop in stock prices

Black Tuesday

119

FDR's advisory council during the Depression

brain trust

120

New Deal

FDR;s program for relief, recovery, and reform

121

radio talks of encouragement form FDR

fireside chats

122

instantly purchasing goods and repay over time

credit buying

123

pensions for elderly, unemployed, and disabled

Social Security Act

124

March 9-June 16, 1933: President and congress pass legislation to make up the New Deal

Hundred Days

125

hitching rides on boxcars to travel from town to town

ride the rails

126

shack towns set up by homeless

"Hoovervilles"

127

men with pants pocket turned out-no money

"Hoover flags"

128

materials used to cover sleepers on park benches

"Hoover blankets"

129

material placed in shoes to cover holes in shoe

"Hoover leather"

130

thin soup served in soup kitchens and soup lines

"Hoover stew"

131

Mussolini

fascist dictator of Italy beginning in the 1930s

132

political party of Mussolini

Fascist party

133

Mussolini's followers

black shirts

134

IL Duce

Mussolini's title/"the leader"

135

German government established after WWI (1919)

Weimar Republic

136

the Nationalist Socialists German Workers Party

Nazi

137

Mein Kampf

written by Hitler in prison/ "my struggle"

138

justification for Germany to expand/ "living space"

lebensraum

139

Reichstag

German legislature

140

Paul von Hindenburg

German president who confirmed chancellorship on Hitler

141

Der Fuhrer

Hitler's title/ "the leader"

142

Hitler's government

Third Reich

143

Gestapo

Hitler's secret police force

144

practice of separating races into specific neighborhoods

ghettos

145

Joseph Stalin

totalitarian dictator of Russia

146

military alliance between Mussolini and Hitler

Rome-Berlin Axis

147

Great Purge

Stalin's attempt to rid Russia of opposition

148

established in Italy when it became a dictatorship

police state

149

anti-semetism

hatred of Jews

150

Aryan

master race envisioned by Hitler

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