Chapter Fourteen Fill in the Blank Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter Fourteen Fill in the Blank Deck (14):
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the application of scientific solutions to industrial problems

led to the creation of new products and materials

1

Michael Faraday developed the first electric generator or

dynamo

2

In 1879 created a light bulb that glowed for two days before burning out, and this became the new source of light for home, streets, and factories

Thomas Edison

3

IN 1895 built on the work of earlier scientists and developed a way to send messages through space without wires

Guglielmo Marconi

4

The development of engines that carried their own energy supply allowed Frank Duryea to build the first successful gasoline-driven in the United States

automobile

5

The scientific principles that govern the movement of air around objects are called

aerodynamics

6

Branches of knowledge that scientifically study people as members of society are collectively called the

social sciences

7

According to , people who acquired wealth and power did so because of their superior abilities, while unfit people remained poor.

social Darwinism

8

In his book The Golden Bough, compared the customs of different societies and tried to show links between those societies.

James George Frazer

9

French philosopher argued that sociologists should follow scientific methods by using objective facts, not personal interpretations

Auguste Comte

10

The process of revealing and analyzing unconscious motivations is called

psychoanalysis

11

By working with dogs, concluded that human actions are responses to outside stimuli and can be changed by training

Ivan Pavlov

12

introduced the idea of the unconscious and believed that dreams express one's unconscious desires or fears

Sigmund Freud

13

applied Darwin's theory of natural selection to human societies and coined the phrase survival of the fittest

Herbert Spencer

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