Section 12 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Section 12 Vocab Deck (20):
1

Leif Ericson

a Norwegian explorer said to have discovered a place in North America called Vinland

2

Ferdinand and Isabella

a king and queen of Spain. They united their country and sponsored the exploration of the New World by Christopher Columbus

3

feudalism

a system of obligations that bound lords and their subjects in Europe during much of the Middle Ages

4

fief

a landed estate given by a lord to a vassal; the vassal could use the fief as long as he remained loyal

5

Genghis Khan

a Mongolian general and emperor known for his military leadership and great cruelty

6

Lady Godiva

She supposedly rode naked through her town of Coventry to save the people from an oppressive tax

7

guilds

organizations of artisans in the Middle Ages that sought to regulate the price and quality of products

8

Johann Gutenberg

German printer of the fifteenth century who invented the printing press; The Gutenberg Bible was the first book printed from movable type

9

Hammurabi

a king of ancient Mesopotamia who put the laws of his country into a formal code; eye for and eye

10

Hannibal

a general from Carthage; during the second Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome, Hannibal took an army of over 100,000 supported by elephants, from Spain into Italy in an effort to conquer Rome

11

Battle of Hastings

1066 Invaders from the French province of Normandy led by William the Conqueror defeated the English forces under Harold. William declared himself king

12

Henry VIII

Henry established himself as head of the Christian Church in England after the pope refused to allow his marriage to Catherine of Aragon to be dissolved

13

Herodotus

an ancient Greek historian often called the father of history, recorded the facts as they happened without bias

14

hieroglyphics

the ancient Egyptians form of writing with pictures that represent words or sounds

15

Holy Roman Empire

a major political institution in Europe that lasted form the ninth to the nineteenth centuries

16

homage

under feudalism the vassal pledged to serve the lord and the lord to protect the vassal

17

Hundred Years' War

between France and England; kings of England invaded France trying to claim the throne

18

Huns

a tribe from western Asia known for their cruelty and destructiveness

19

ides of March

March 15 44 B.C. on which Julius Caesar was assassinated

20

Incas

center of their empire was in present-day Peru; Francisco Pizarro of Spain conquered the Inca Empire

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